Jacob Blesses Joseph’s Sons(A)

48 Now it came to pass after these things that Joseph was told, “Indeed your father is sick”; and he took with him his two sons, (B)Manasseh and Ephraim. And Jacob was told, “Look, your son Joseph is coming to you”; and Israel [a]strengthened himself and sat up on the bed. Then Jacob said to Joseph: “God (C)Almighty appeared to me at (D)Luz in the land of Canaan and blessed me, and said to me, ‘Behold, I will (E)make you fruitful and multiply you, and I will make of you a multitude of people, and (F)give this land to your descendants after you (G)as an everlasting possession.’ And now your (H)two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh, who were born to you in the land of Egypt before I came to you in Egypt, are mine; as Reuben and Simeon, they shall be mine. Your [b]offspring [c]whom you beget after them shall be yours; they will be called by the name of their brothers in their inheritance. But as for me, when I came from Padan, (I)Rachel died beside me in the land of Canaan on the way, when there was but a little distance to go to Ephrath; and I buried her there on the way to Ephrath (that is, Bethlehem).”

Then Israel saw Joseph’s sons, and said, “Who are these?”

Joseph said to his father, “They are my sons, whom God has given me in this place.

And he said, “Please bring them to me, and (J)I will bless them.” 10 Now (K)the eyes of Israel were dim with age, so that he could not see. Then Joseph brought them near him, and he (L)kissed them and embraced them. 11 And Israel said to Joseph, (M)“I had not thought to see your face; but in fact, God has also shown me your offspring!”

12 So Joseph brought them from beside his knees, and he bowed down with his face to the earth. 13 And Joseph took them both, Ephraim with his right hand toward Israel’s left hand, and Manasseh with his left hand toward Israel’s right hand, and brought them near him. 14 Then Israel stretched out his right hand and (N)laid it on Ephraim’s head, who was the younger, and his left hand on Manasseh’s head, (O)guiding his hands knowingly, for Manasseh was the (P)firstborn. 15 And (Q)he blessed Joseph, and said:

“God, (R)before whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac walked,
The God who has fed me all my life long to this day,
16 The Angel (S)who has redeemed me from all evil,
Bless the lads;
Let (T)my name be named upon them,
And the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac;
And let them (U)grow into a multitude in the midst of the earth.”

17 Now when Joseph saw that his father (V)laid his right hand on the head of Ephraim, it displeased him; so he took hold of his father’s hand to remove it from Ephraim’s head to Manasseh’s head. 18 And Joseph said to his father, “Not so, my father, for this one is the firstborn; put your right hand on his head.”

19 But his father refused and said, (W)“I know, my son, I know. He also shall become a people, and he also shall be great; but truly (X)his younger brother shall be greater than he, and his descendants shall become a multitude of nations.”

20 So he blessed them that day, saying, (Y)“By you Israel will bless, saying, ‘May God make you as Ephraim and as Manasseh!’ ” And thus he set Ephraim before Manasseh.

21 Then Israel said to Joseph, “Behold, I am dying, but (Z)God will be with you and bring you back to the land of your fathers. 22 Moreover (AA)I have given to you one [d]portion above your brothers, which I took from the hand (AB)of the Amorite with my sword and my bow.”

Jacob’s Last Words to His Sons

49 And Jacob called his sons and said, “Gather together, that I may (AC)tell you what shall befall you (AD)in the last days:

“Gather together and hear, you sons of Jacob,
And listen to Israel your father.

“Reuben, you are (AE)my firstborn,
My might and the beginning of my strength,
The excellency of dignity and the excellency of power.
Unstable as water, you shall not excel,
Because you (AF)went up to your father’s bed;
Then you defiled it
He went up to my couch.

“Simeon and Levi are brothers;
Instruments of [e]cruelty are in their dwelling place.
(AG)Let not my soul enter their council;
Let not my honor be united (AH)to their assembly;
(AI)For in their anger they slew a man,
And in their self-will they [f]hamstrung an ox.
Cursed be their anger, for it is fierce;
And their wrath, for it is cruel!
(AJ)I will divide them in Jacob
And scatter them in Israel.

“Judah,(AK) you are he whom your brothers shall praise;
(AL)Your hand shall be on the neck of your enemies;
(AM)Your father’s children shall bow down before you.
Judah is (AN)a lion’s whelp;
From the prey, my son, you have gone up.
(AO)He [g]bows down, he lies down as a lion;
And as a lion, who shall rouse him?
10 (AP)The [h]scepter shall not depart from Judah,
Nor (AQ)a lawgiver from between his feet,
(AR)Until Shiloh comes;
(AS)And to Him shall be the obedience of the people.
11 Binding his donkey to the vine,
And his donkey’s colt to the choice vine,
He washed his garments in wine,
And his clothes in the blood of grapes.
12 His eyes are darker than wine,
And his teeth whiter than milk.

13 “Zebulun(AT) shall dwell by the haven of the sea;
He shall become a haven for ships,
And his border shall (AU)adjoin Sidon.

14 “Issachar(AV) is a strong donkey,
Lying down between two burdens;
15 He saw that rest was good,
And that the land was pleasant;
He bowed (AW)his shoulder to bear a burden,
And became a band of slaves.

16 “Dan(AX) shall judge his people
As one of the tribes of Israel.
17 (AY)Dan shall be a serpent by the way,
A viper by the path,
That bites the horse’s heels
So that its rider shall fall backward.
18 (AZ)I have waited for your salvation, O Lord!

19 “Gad,(BA)[i] a troop shall [j]tramp upon him,
But he shall triumph at last.

20 “Bread from (BB)Asher shall be rich,
And he shall yield royal dainties.

21 “Naphtali(BC) is a deer let loose;
He uses beautiful words.

22 “Joseph is a fruitful bough,
A fruitful bough by a well;
His branches run over the wall.
23 The archers have (BD)bitterly grieved him,
Shot at him and hated him.
24 But his (BE)bow remained in strength,
And the arms of his hands were [k]made strong
By the hands of (BF)the Mighty God of Jacob
(BG)(From there (BH)is the Shepherd, (BI)the Stone of Israel),
25 (BJ)By the God of your father who will help you,
(BK)And by the Almighty (BL)who will bless you
With blessings of heaven above,
Blessings of the deep that lies beneath,
Blessings of the breasts and of the womb.
26 The blessings of your father
Have excelled the blessings of my ancestors,
(BM)Up to the utmost bound of the everlasting hills.
(BN)They shall be on the head of Joseph,
And on the crown of the head of him who was separate from his brothers.

27 “Benjamin is a (BO)ravenous wolf;
In the morning he shall devour the prey,
(BP)And at night he shall divide the spoil.”

28 All these are the twelve tribes of Israel, and this is what their father spoke to them. And he blessed them; he blessed each one according to his own blessing.

Jacob’s Death and Burial

29 Then he charged them and said to them: “I (BQ)am to be gathered to my people; (BR)bury me with my fathers (BS)in the cave that is in the field of Ephron the Hittite, 30 in the cave that is in the field of Machpelah, which is before Mamre in the land of Canaan, (BT)which Abraham bought with the field of Ephron the Hittite as a possession for a burial place. 31 (BU)There they buried Abraham and Sarah his wife, (BV)there they buried Isaac and Rebekah his wife, and there I buried Leah. 32 The field and the cave that is there were purchased from the sons of Heth.” 33 And when Jacob had finished commanding his sons, he drew his feet up into the bed and breathed his last, and was gathered to his people.

Burial of Jacob

50 Then Joseph (BW)fell on his father’s face and (BX)wept over him, and kissed him. And Joseph commanded his servants the physicians to (BY)embalm his father. So the physicians embalmed Israel. Forty days were required for him, for such are the days required for those who are embalmed; and the Egyptians (BZ)mourned[l] for him seventy days.

Now when the days of his mourning were past, Joseph spoke to (CA)the household of Pharaoh, saying, “If now I have found favor in your eyes, please speak in the hearing of Pharaoh, saying, (CB)‘My father made me swear, saying, “Behold, I am dying; in my grave (CC)which I dug for myself in the land of Canaan, there you shall bury me.” Now therefore, please let me go up and bury my father, and I will come back.’ ”

And Pharaoh said, “Go up and bury your father, as he made you swear.”

So Joseph went up to bury his father; and with him went up all the servants of Pharaoh, the elders of his house, and all the elders of the land of Egypt, as well as all the house of Joseph, his brothers, and his father’s house. Only their little ones, their flocks, and their herds they left in the land of Goshen. And there went up with him both chariots and horsemen, and it was a very great gathering.

10 Then they came to the threshing floor of Atad, which is beyond the Jordan, and they (CD)mourned there with a great and very solemn lamentation. (CE)He observed seven days of mourning for his father. 11 And when the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites, saw the mourning at the threshing floor of Atad, they said, “This is a deep mourning of the Egyptians.” Therefore its name was called [m]Abel Mizraim, which is beyond the Jordan.

12 So his sons did for him just as he had commanded them. 13 For (CF)his sons carried him to the land of Canaan, and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah, before Mamre, which Abraham (CG)bought with the field from Ephron the Hittite as property for a burial place. 14 And after he had buried his father, Joseph returned to Egypt, he and his brothers and all who went up with him to bury his father.

Joseph Reassures His Brothers

15 When Joseph’s brothers saw that their father was dead, (CH)they said, “Perhaps Joseph will hate us, and may [n]actually repay us for all the evil which we did to him.” 16 So they sent messengers to Joseph, saying, “Before your father died he commanded, saying, 17 ‘Thus you shall say to Joseph: “I beg you, please forgive the trespass of your brothers and their sin; (CI)for they did evil to you.” ’ Now, please, forgive the trespass of the servants of (CJ)the God of your father.” And Joseph wept when they spoke to him.

18 Then his brothers also went and (CK)fell down before his face, and they said, “Behold, we are your servants.”

19 Joseph said to them, (CL)“Do not be afraid, (CM)for am I in the place of God? 20 (CN)But as for you, you meant evil against me; but (CO)God meant it for good, in order to bring it about as it is this day, to save many people alive. 21 Now therefore, do not be afraid; (CP)I will provide for you and your little ones.” And he comforted them and spoke [o]kindly to them.

Death of Joseph(CQ)

22 So Joseph dwelt in Egypt, he and his father’s household. And Joseph lived one hundred and ten years. 23 Joseph saw Ephraim’s children (CR)to the third generation. (CS)The children of Machir, the son of Manasseh, (CT)were also brought up on Joseph’s knees.

24 And Joseph said to his brethren, “I am dying; but (CU)God will surely visit you, and bring you out of this land to the land (CV)of which He swore to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob.” 25 Then (CW)Joseph took an oath from the children of Israel, saying, “God will surely [p]visit you, and (CX)you shall carry up my (CY)bones from here.” 26 So Joseph died, being one hundred and ten years old; and they embalmed him, and he was put in a coffin in Egypt.


  1. Genesis 48:2 Collected his strength
  2. Genesis 48:6 children
  3. Genesis 48:6 Who are born to you
  4. Genesis 48:22 Lit. shoulder
  5. Genesis 49:5 violence
  6. Genesis 49:6 lamed
  7. Genesis 49:9 couches
  8. Genesis 49:10 A symbol of kingship
  9. Genesis 49:19 Lit. Troop
  10. Genesis 49:19 Lit. raid
  11. Genesis 49:24 Or supple
  12. Genesis 50:3 Lit. wept
  13. Genesis 50:11 Lit. Mourning of Egypt
  14. Genesis 50:15 fully
  15. Genesis 50:21 Lit. to their hearts
  16. Genesis 50:25 give attention to

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