Joseph's Dreams

37 Jacob lived in (A)the land of his father's sojournings, in the land of Canaan.

These are the generations of Jacob.

Joseph, being seventeen years old, was pasturing the flock with his brothers. He was a boy with the sons of Bilhah and Zilpah, his father's wives. And Joseph brought (B)a bad report of them to their father. Now Israel loved Joseph more than any other of his sons, because he was (C)the son of his old age. And he made him (D)a robe of many colors.[a] But when his brothers saw that their father loved him more than all his brothers, they hated him and could not speak peacefully to him.

Now Joseph had a dream, and when he told it to his brothers they hated him even more. He said to them, “Hear this dream that I have dreamed: Behold, we were binding sheaves in the field, and behold, (E)my sheaf arose and stood upright. And behold, your sheaves gathered around it and (F)bowed down to my sheaf.” His brothers said to him, “Are you indeed to reign over us? Or are you indeed to rule over us?” So they hated him even more for his dreams and for his words.

Then he dreamed another dream and told it to his brothers and said, “Behold, I have dreamed another dream. Behold, the sun, the moon, and eleven stars were bowing down to me.” 10 But when he told it to his father and to his brothers, his father rebuked him and said to him, “What is this dream that you have dreamed? Shall I and (G)your mother and your brothers indeed come (H)to bow ourselves to the ground before you?” 11 And (I)his brothers were jealous of him, (J)but his father kept the saying in mind.

Joseph Sold by His Brothers

12 Now his brothers went to pasture their father's flock near (K)Shechem. 13 And Israel said to Joseph, “Are not your brothers pasturing the flock at Shechem? Come, I will send you to them.” And he said to him, “Here I am.” 14 So he said to him, “Go now, see if it is well with your brothers and with the flock, and bring me word.” So he sent him from the Valley of (L)Hebron, and he came to Shechem. 15 And a man found him wandering in the fields. And the man asked him, “What are you seeking?” 16 “I am seeking my brothers,” he said. “Tell me, please, where they are pasturing the flock.” 17 And the man said, “They have gone away, for I heard them say, ‘Let us go to (M)Dothan.’” So Joseph went after his brothers and found them at (N)Dothan.

18 They saw him from afar, and before he came near to them (O)they conspired against him to kill him. 19 They said to one another, “Here comes this dreamer. 20 Come now, (P)let us kill him and throw him into one of the pits.[b] Then we will say that a fierce animal has devoured him, and we will see what will become of his dreams.” 21 But when (Q)Reuben heard it, he rescued him out of their hands, saying, “Let us not take his life.” 22 And Reuben said to them, “Shed no blood; throw him into this pit here in the wilderness, but do not lay a hand on him”—(R)that he might rescue him out of their hand to restore him to his father. 23 So when Joseph came to his brothers, they stripped him of his robe, (S)the robe of many colors that he wore. 24 And they took him and (T)threw him into a pit. The pit was empty; there was no water in it.

25 Then they sat down to eat. And looking up they saw a (U)caravan of (V)Ishmaelites coming from Gilead, with their camels bearing (W)gum, balm, and myrrh, on their way to carry it down to Egypt. 26 Then Judah said to his brothers, “What profit is it (X)if we kill our brother and conceal his blood? 27 Come, let us sell him to the Ishmaelites, and (Y)let not our hand be upon him, for he is our brother, our own flesh.” And his brothers listened to him. 28 Then (Z)Midianite traders passed by. And they drew Joseph up and lifted him out of the pit, and (AA)sold him to the Ishmaelites for twenty shekels[c] of silver. They took Joseph to Egypt.

29 When Reuben returned to the pit and saw that Joseph was not in the pit, he (AB)tore his clothes 30 and returned to his brothers and said, “The boy (AC)is gone, and I, where shall I go?” 31 Then they took (AD)Joseph's robe and slaughtered a goat and dipped the robe in the blood. 32 And they sent the robe of many colors and brought it to their father and said, “This we have found; please identify whether it is your son's robe or not.” 33 And he identified it and said, “It is my son's robe. (AE)A fierce animal has devoured him. Joseph is without doubt torn to pieces.” 34 Then Jacob tore his garments and put sackcloth on his loins and mourned for his son many days. 35 All his sons and all his daughters (AF)rose up to comfort him, but he refused to be comforted and said, “No, (AG)I shall go down to Sheol to my son, mourning.” Thus his father wept for him. 36 Meanwhile (AH)the Midianites had sold him in Egypt to Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh, (AI)the captain of the guard.

Judah and Tamar

38 It happened at that time that Judah went down from his brothers and (AJ)turned aside to a certain (AK)Adullamite, whose name was Hirah. There Judah saw the daughter of a certain Canaanite whose name was (AL)Shua. He took her and went in to her, and she conceived and bore a son, and he called his name (AM)Er. She conceived again and bore a son, and she called his name (AN)Onan. Yet again she bore a son, and she called his name (AO)Shelah. Judah[d] was in Chezib when she bore him.

And Judah took a wife for Er his firstborn, and her name was Tamar. But Er, Judah's firstborn, (AP)was wicked in the sight of the Lord, and the Lord put him to death. Then Judah said to Onan, “Go in to (AQ)your brother's wife and (AR)perform the duty of a brother-in-law to her, and raise up offspring for your brother.” But Onan knew that the offspring would not be his. So whenever he went in to his brother's wife he would waste the semen on the ground, so as not to give offspring to his brother. 10 And what he did was wicked in the sight of the Lord, and he put him to death also. 11 Then Judah said to Tamar his daughter-in-law, (AS)“Remain a widow in your father's house, till Shelah my son grows up”—for he feared that he would die, like his brothers. So Tamar went and remained (AT)in her father's house.

12 In the course of time the wife of Judah, Shua's daughter, died. When Judah (AU)was comforted, he went up to (AV)Timnah to his sheepshearers, he and his friend Hirah the Adullamite. 13 And when Tamar was told, “Your father-in-law is going up to Timnah to shear his sheep,” 14 she took off her widow's garments (AW)and covered herself with a veil, wrapping herself up, and sat at the entrance to (AX)Enaim, which is on the road to Timnah. For she saw that Shelah was grown up, (AY)and she had not been given to him in marriage. 15 When Judah saw her, he thought she was a prostitute, for she had covered her face. 16 He turned to her at the roadside and said, “Come, let me come in to you,” for he did not know that she was his daughter-in-law. She said, “What will you give me, that you may come in to me?” 17 He answered, “I will send you a young goat from the flock.” And she said, “If you give me a pledge, until you send it—” 18 He said, “What pledge shall I give you?” She replied, (AZ)“Your signet and your cord and your staff that is in your hand.” So he gave them to her and went in to her, and she conceived by him. 19 Then she arose and went away, and taking off (BA)her veil she put on the garments of her widowhood.

20 When Judah sent the young goat by his friend the Adullamite to take back the pledge from the woman's hand, he did not find her. 21 And he asked the men of the place, “Where is the cult prostitute[e] who was at (BB)Enaim at the roadside?” And they said, “No cult prostitute has been here.” 22 So he returned to Judah and said, “I have not found her. Also, the men of the place said, ‘No cult prostitute has been here.’” 23 And Judah replied, “Let her keep the things as her own, or we shall be laughed at. You see, I sent this young goat, and you did not find her.”

24 About three months later Judah was told, “Tamar your daughter-in-law (BC)has been immoral.[f] Moreover, she is pregnant by immorality.”[g] And Judah said, “Bring her out, and (BD)let her be burned.” 25 As she was being brought out, she sent word to her father-in-law, “By the man to whom these belong, I am pregnant.” And she said, “Please identify whose these are, (BE)the signet and the cord and the staff.” 26 Then Judah identified them and said, (BF)“She is more righteous than I, since (BG)I did not give her to my son Shelah.” And he did not know her again.

27 When the time of her labor came, there were twins in her womb. 28 And when she was in labor, one put out a hand, and the midwife took and tied a scarlet thread on his hand, saying, “This one came out first.” 29 But as he drew back his hand, behold, his brother came out. And she said, “What a breach you have made for yourself!” Therefore his name was called (BH)Perez.[h] 30 Afterward his brother came out with the scarlet thread on his hand, and his name was called (BI)Zerah.


  1. Genesis 37:3 See Septuagint, Vulgate; or (with Syriac) a robe with long sleeves. The meaning of the Hebrew is uncertain; also verses 23, 32
  2. Genesis 37:20 Or cisterns; also verses 22, 24
  3. Genesis 37:28 A shekel was about 2/5 ounce or 11 grams
  4. Genesis 38:5 Hebrew He
  5. Genesis 38:21 Hebrew sacred woman; a woman who served a pagan deity by prostitution; also verse 22
  6. Genesis 38:24 Or has committed prostitution
  7. Genesis 38:24 Or by prostitution
  8. Genesis 38:29 Perez means a breach

Blasphemy Against the Holy Spirit

22 (A)Then a demon-oppressed man who was blind and mute was brought to him, and he healed him, so that the man spoke and saw. 23 (B)And all the people were amazed, and said, (C)“Can this be the Son of David?” 24 But when the Pharisees heard it, they said, (D)“It is only by Beelzebul, the prince of demons, that this man casts out demons.” 25 (E)Knowing their thoughts, (F)he said to them, “Every kingdom divided against itself is laid waste, and no city or house divided against itself will stand. 26 And if Satan casts out Satan, he is divided against himself. How then will his kingdom stand? 27 And if I cast out demons by Beelzebul, (G)by whom do (H)your sons cast them out? Therefore they will be your judges. 28 But if it is (I)by the Spirit of God that I cast out demons, then (J)the kingdom of God has come upon you. 29 Or (K)how can someone enter a strong man's house and plunder his goods, unless he first binds the strong man? Then indeed (L)he may plunder his house. 30 (M)Whoever is not with me is against me, and whoever does not gather with me scatters. 31 (N)Therefore I tell you, every sin and blasphemy will be forgiven people, but (O)the blasphemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven. 32 And whoever speaks a word (P)against the Son of Man (Q)will be forgiven, but (R)whoever speaks against the Holy Spirit will not be forgiven, either in (S)this age or in the age to come.

A Tree Is Known by Its Fruit

33 (T)“Either make the tree good and its fruit good, or make the tree bad and its fruit bad, (U)for the tree is known by its fruit. 34 (V)You brood of vipers! How can you speak good, (W)when you are evil? (X)For out of the abundance of the heart the mouth speaks. 35 (Y)The good person out of his good treasure brings forth good, and the evil person out of his evil treasure brings forth evil. 36 I tell you, (Z)on the day of judgment (AA)people will give account for (AB)every careless word they speak, 37 for (AC)by your words you will be justified, and by your words you will be condemned.”

The Sign of Jonah

38 Then some of the scribes and Pharisees answered him, saying, “Teacher, (AD)we wish to see a sign from you.” 39 But he answered them, (AE)“An evil and (AF)adulterous generation seeks for a sign, but no sign will be given to it except the sign of the prophet Jonah. 40 For (AG)just as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of the great fish, (AH)so will the Son of Man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. 41 (AI)The men of Nineveh will rise up at the judgment with this generation and (AJ)condemn it, for (AK)they repented at the preaching of Jonah, and behold, (AL)something greater than Jonah is here. 42 (AM)The queen of the South will rise up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it, for she came from the ends of the earth to hear the wisdom of Solomon, and behold, (AN)something greater than Solomon is here.

Return of an Unclean Spirit

43 “When (AO)the unclean spirit has gone out of a person, it passes through (AP)waterless places seeking rest, but finds none. 44 Then it says, ‘I will return to my house from which I came.’ And when it comes, it finds the house empty, swept, and put in order. 45 Then it goes and brings with it seven other spirits more evil than itself, and they enter and dwell there, and (AQ)the last state of that person is worse than the first. So also will it be with this (AR)evil generation.”

Jesus' Mother and Brothers

46 While he was still speaking to the people, behold, (AS)his mother and his (AT)brothers[a] stood outside, asking to speak to him.[b] 48 But he replied to the man who told him, “Who is my mother, and who are my brothers?” 49 And stretching out his hand toward his disciples, he said, “Here are my mother and my brothers! 50 For (AU)whoever (AV)does the will of my Father in heaven is my brother and sister and mother.”

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  1. Matthew 12:46 Or brothers and sisters; also verses 48, 49
  2. Matthew 12:46 Some manuscripts insert verse 47: Someone told him, “Your mother and your brothers are standing outside, asking to speak to you”

Trust in the Name of the Lord Our God

To the choirmaster. A Psalm of David.

20 May the Lord (A)answer you in the day of trouble!
    May (B)the name of the God of Jacob (C)protect you!
May he send you help from (D)the sanctuary
    and give you support from (E)Zion!
May he (F)remember all your offerings
    and regard with favor your burnt sacrifices! Selah

May he (G)grant you your heart's desire
    and fulfill all your plans!
May we shout for joy over (H)your salvation,
    and in the name of our God set up our (I)banners!
May the Lord fulfill all your petitions!

Now I know that the Lord saves his anointed;
    he will answer him from his holy heaven
    with (J)the saving might of his right hand.
Some trust in (K)chariots and some in (L)horses,
    (M)but we trust in the name of the Lord our God.
They collapse and fall,
    but we rise and stand upright.

O Lord, save (N)the king!
    May he answer us when we call.

10 And behold, the woman meets him,
    (A)dressed as a prostitute, wily of heart.[a]
11 She is (B)loud and (C)wayward;
    (D)her feet do not stay at home;
12 now in the street, now in the market,
    and (E)at every corner she (F)lies in wait.
13 She seizes him and kisses him,
    and with (G)bold face she says to him,
14 “I had to (H)offer sacrifices,[b]
    and today I have (I)paid my vows;
15 so now I have come out to meet you,
    to seek you eagerly, and I have found you.
16 I have spread my couch with (J)coverings,
    colored linens from (K)Egyptian linen;
17 I have perfumed my bed with (L)myrrh,
    aloes, and (M)cinnamon.
18 Come, let us take our fill of love till morning;
    let us delight ourselves with love.
19 For (N)my husband is not at home;
    he has gone on a long journey;
20 he took a bag of money with him;
    at full moon he will come home.”

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  1. Proverbs 7:10 Hebrew guarded in heart
  2. Proverbs 7:14 Hebrew peace offerings

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