And he said to him, “I am the Lord who (A)brought you out from Ur of the Chaldeans (B)to give you this land to possess.” But he said, “O Lord God, (C)how am I to know that I shall possess it?” He said to him, “Bring me a heifer three years old, a female goat three years old, a ram three years old, a turtledove, and a young pigeon.” 10 And he brought him all these, (D)cut them in half, and laid each half over against the other. But (E)he did not cut the birds in half. 11 And when birds of prey came down on the carcasses, Abram drove them away.

12 As the sun was going down, a (F)deep sleep fell on Abram. And behold, dreadful and great darkness fell upon him. 13 Then the Lord said to Abram, “Know for certain (G)that your offspring will be sojourners in a land that is not theirs and will be servants there, and (H)they will be afflicted for (I)four hundred years. 14 But (J)I will bring judgment on the nation that they serve, and afterward (K)they shall come out with great possessions. 15 As for you, you shall go to your fathers in peace; (L)you shall be buried in a good old age. 16 And they shall come back here in the fourth generation, for (M)the iniquity of the Amorites (N)is not yet complete.”

17 When the sun had gone down and it was dark, behold, a smoking fire pot and a flaming torch passed between these pieces. 18 On that day the Lord made a covenant with Abram, saying, (O)“To your offspring I give[a] this land, from (P)the river of Egypt to the great river, the river Euphrates, 19 the land of the Kenites, the Kenizzites, the Kadmonites, 20 the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Rephaim, 21 the Amorites, the Canaanites, the Girgashites and the Jebusites.”

Sarai and Hagar

16 (Q)Now Sarai, Abram's wife, had borne him no children. She had a female Egyptian servant whose name was (R)Hagar. And Sarai said to Abram, “Behold now, the Lord has prevented me from bearing children. Go in to my servant; it may be that I shall obtain children[b] by her.” And Abram listened to the voice of Sarai. So, after Abram (S)had lived ten years in the land of Canaan, Sarai, Abram's wife, took Hagar the Egyptian, her servant, and gave her to Abram her husband as a wife. And he went in to Hagar, and she conceived. And when she saw that she had conceived, (T)she looked with contempt on her mistress.[c] And Sarai said to Abram, “May the wrong done to me be on you! I gave my servant to your embrace, and when she saw that she had conceived, she looked on me with contempt. May (U)the Lord judge between you and me!” But Abram said to Sarai, “Behold, your servant is in your power; do to her as you please.” Then Sarai dealt harshly with her, and she fled from her.

The angel of the Lord found her by a spring of water in the wilderness, the spring on the way to (V)Shur. And he said, “Hagar, servant of Sarai, where have you come from and where are you going?” She said, “I am fleeing from my mistress Sarai.” The angel of the Lord said to her, “Return to your mistress and submit to her.” 10 The angel of the Lord also said to her, (W)“I will surely multiply your offspring so that they cannot be numbered for multitude.” 11 And the angel of the Lord said to her,

“Behold, you are pregnant
    and shall bear a son.
You shall call his name Ishmael,[d]
    (X)because the Lord has listened to your affliction.
12 He shall be (Y)a wild donkey of a man,
    his hand against everyone
    and everyone's hand against him,
and he shall dwell (Z)over against all his kinsmen.”

13 So she called the name of the Lord who spoke to her, “You are a God of seeing,”[e] for she said, (AA)“Truly here I have seen him who looks after me.”[f] 14 Therefore the well was called (AB)Beer-lahai-roi;[g] it lies between (AC)Kadesh and Bered.

15 And Hagar bore Abram a son, and Abram called the name of his son, whom Hagar bore, Ishmael. 16 Abram was eighty-six years old when Hagar bore Ishmael to Abram.

Abraham and the Covenant of Circumcision

17 When Abram was ninety-nine years old the Lord appeared to Abram and said to him, “I am God Almighty;[h] walk before me, and be (AD)blameless, that I may make my covenant between me and you, and (AE)may multiply you greatly.” Then Abram (AF)fell on his face. And God said to him, “Behold, my covenant is with you, and you shall be (AG)the father of a multitude of nations. No longer shall your name be called Abram,[i] but (AH)your name shall be Abraham,[j] (AI)for I have made you the father of a multitude of nations. I will make you exceedingly fruitful, and I will make (AJ)you into nations, and (AK)kings shall come from you.

Footnotes

  1. Genesis 15:18 Or have given
  2. Genesis 16:2 Hebrew be built up, which sounds like the Hebrew for children
  3. Genesis 16:4 Hebrew her mistress was dishonorable in her eyes; similarly in verse 5
  4. Genesis 16:11 Ishmael means God hears
  5. Genesis 16:13 Or You are a God who sees me
  6. Genesis 16:13 Hebrew Have I really seen him here who sees me? or Would I have looked here for the one who sees me?
  7. Genesis 16:14 Beer-lahai-roi means the well of the Living One who sees me
  8. Genesis 17:1 Hebrew El Shaddai
  9. Genesis 17:5 Abram means exalted father
  10. Genesis 17:5 Abraham means father of a multitude

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