Descendants of Noah

10 Now these are the records of the generations of the sons of Noah: Shem, Ham, and Japheth; and sons were born to them after the flood.

(A)The sons of Japheth were (B)Gomer, Magog, (C)Madai, (D)Javan, Tubal, (E)Meshech, and Tiras. The sons of Gomer were (F)Ashkenaz, [a]Riphath, and (G)Togarmah. The sons of Javan were Elishah, (H)Tarshish, Kittim, and [b]Dodanim. From these the people of the coastlands of the nations [c]were separated into their lands, every one according to his language, according to their families, into their nations.

(I)The sons of Ham were Cush, Mizraim, Put, and Canaan. The sons of Cush were (J)Seba, Havilah, Sabtah, (K)Raamah, and Sabteca; and the sons of Raamah were (L)Sheba and (M)Dedan. Now Cush fathered Nimrod; he [d]became a mighty one on the earth. He was a mighty hunter before the Lord; therefore it is said, “Like Nimrod a mighty hunter before the Lord.” 10 And the beginning of his kingdom was [e](N)Babel, Erech, Accad, and Calneh, in the land of (O)Shinar. 11 From that land he went (P)to Assyria, and built Nineveh, Rehoboth-Ir, Calah, 12 and Resen between Nineveh and Calah; that is the great city. 13 Mizraim fathered (Q)Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim, 14 (R)Pathrusim, Casluhim (from whom came the Philistines), and Caphtorim.

15 Canaan fathered (S)Sidon, his firstborn, and (T)Heth, 16 (U)the Jebusite, the Amorite, the Girgashite, 17 the Hivite, the Arkite, the Sinite, 18 the Arvadite, the Zemarite, and the Hamathite; and afterward the families of the Canaanite were spread abroad. 19 (V)The territory of the Canaanite [f]extended from Sidon [g]going toward Gerar, as far as Gaza; and [h]going toward (W)Sodom and Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboiim, as far as Lasha. 20 These are the sons of Ham, according to their families, according to their languages, by their lands, and by their nations.

21 Also to Shem, the father of all the children of Eber, and the older brother of Japheth, children were born. 22 (X)The sons of Shem were (Y)Elam, Asshur, (Z)Arpachshad, (AA)Lud, and Aram. 23 The sons of Aram were (AB)Uz, Hul, Gether, and Mash. 24 Arpachshad fathered (AC)Shelah; and Shelah fathered Eber. 25 (AD)Two sons were born to Eber; the name of the one was [i]Peleg, for in his days the earth was divided; and his brother’s name was Joktan. 26 Joktan fathered Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, 27 Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, 28 [j]Obal, Abimael, Sheba, 29 Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab; all of these were the sons of Joktan. 30 Now their [k]settlement [l]extended from Mesha [m]going toward Sephar, the hill country of the east. 31 These are the sons of Shem, according to their families, according to their languages, by their lands, and according to their nations.

32 These are the families of the sons of Noah, according to their descendants, by their nations; and (AE)out of these the nations were separated on the earth after the flood.

The Tower of Babel

11 Now all the earth [n]used the same language and [o]the same words. And it came about, as they journeyed [p]east, that they found a plain in the land (AF)of Shinar and [q]settled there. Then they said to one another, “Come, let’s make bricks and [r]fire them thoroughly.” And they used brick for stone, and they used (AG)tar for mortar. And they said, “Come, let’s build ourselves a city, and a tower whose top (AH)will reach into heaven, and let’s make (AI)a name for ourselves; otherwise we (AJ)will be scattered abroad over the face of all the earth.” Now (AK)the Lord came down to see the city and the tower which the [s]men had built. And the Lord said, “Behold, they are one people, and they all have [t](AL)the same language. And this is what they have started to do, and now nothing which they plan to do will be [u]impossible for them. Come, [v](AM)let Us go down and there (AN)confuse their [w]language, so that they will not understand one another’s [x]speech.” So the Lord (AO)scattered them abroad from there over the face of all the earth; and they stopped building the city. Therefore it was named [y](AP)Babel, because there the Lord confused the [z]language of all the earth; and from there the Lord scattered them abroad over the face of all the earth.

Descendants of Shem

10 (AQ)These are the records of the generations of Shem. Shem was a hundred years old when he fathered Arpachshad, two years after the flood; 11 and Shem lived five hundred years after he fathered Arpachshad, and he fathered other sons and daughters.

12 Arpachshad lived thirty-five years, and fathered Shelah; 13 and Arpachshad lived 403 years after he fathered Shelah, and he fathered other sons and daughters.

14 Shelah lived thirty years, and fathered Eber; 15 and Shelah lived 403 years after he fathered Eber, and he fathered other sons and daughters.

16 Eber lived thirty-four years, and fathered Peleg; 17 and Eber lived 430 years after he fathered Peleg, and he fathered other sons and daughters.

18 Peleg lived thirty years, and fathered Reu; 19 and Peleg lived 209 years after he fathered Reu, and he fathered other sons and daughters.

20 Reu lived thirty-two years, and fathered Serug; 21 and Reu lived 207 years after he fathered Serug, and he fathered other sons and daughters.

22 Serug lived thirty years, and fathered Nahor; 23 and Serug lived two hundred years after he fathered Nahor, and he fathered other sons and daughters.

24 Nahor lived twenty-nine years, and fathered (AR)Terah; 25 and Nahor lived 119 years after he fathered Terah, and he fathered other sons and daughters.

26 Terah lived seventy years, and (AS)fathered Abram, Nahor, and Haran.

27 Now these are the records of the generations of Terah. Terah fathered Abram, Nahor, and Haran; and (AT)Haran fathered (AU)Lot. 28 Haran died [aa]during the lifetime of his father Terah in the land of his birth, in (AV)Ur of the Chaldeans. 29 Abram and (AW)Nahor took wives for themselves. The name of Abram’s wife was (AX)Sarai, and the name of Nahor’s wife was (AY)Milcah, the daughter of Haran, the father of Milcah [ab]and Iscah. 30 (AZ)Sarai was unable to conceive; she did not have a child.

31 Now Terah took his son Abram, and Lot the son of Haran, his grandson, and his daughter-in-law Sarai, his son Abram’s wife, and they departed [ac]together from (BA)Ur of the Chaldeans to go to the land of Canaan; and they went as far as Haran and [ad]settled there. 32 The days of Terah were 205 years; and Terah died in Haran.

Footnotes

  1. Genesis 10:3 In 1 Chr 1:6, Diphath
  2. Genesis 10:4 In 1 Chr 1:7, Rodanim
  3. Genesis 10:5 Or separated themselves
  4. Genesis 10:8 Lit began to be
  5. Genesis 10:10 Or Babylon
  6. Genesis 10:19 Lit was
  7. Genesis 10:19 Lit as you go
  8. Genesis 10:19 Lit as you go
  9. Genesis 10:25 I.e., division
  10. Genesis 10:28 In 1 Chr 1:22, Ebal
  11. Genesis 10:30 Lit dwelling
  12. Genesis 10:30 Lit was
  13. Genesis 10:30 Lit as you go
  14. Genesis 11:1 Lit was one lip
  15. Genesis 11:1 Or few or one set of words
  16. Genesis 11:2 Or from the east
  17. Genesis 11:2 Lit dwelt
  18. Genesis 11:3 I.e., in a kiln to harden them
  19. Genesis 11:5 Lit sons of mankind
  20. Genesis 11:6 Lit one lip
  21. Genesis 11:6 Lit inaccessible to
  22. Genesis 11:7 I.e., indicating united action, not a request
  23. Genesis 11:7 Lit lip
  24. Genesis 11:7 Lit lip
  25. Genesis 11:9 Or Babylon; cf. Heb balal, confuse
  26. Genesis 11:9 Lit lip
  27. Genesis 11:28 Lit before the face of
  28. Genesis 11:29 Lit and the father of
  29. Genesis 11:31 Lit with them
  30. Genesis 11:31 Lit dwelt