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(A)The descendants of Japheth: Gomer,[a] Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech and Tiras.(B) The descendants of Gomer: Ashkenaz,[b] Diphath and Togarmah. The descendants of Javan: Elishah,[c] Tarshish, the Kittim and the Rodanim.

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  1. 10:2 Gomer: the Cimmerians; Madai: the Medes; Javan: the Greeks.
  2. 10:3 Ashkenaz: an Indo-European people, which later became the medieval rabbinic name for Germany. It now designates one of the great divisions of Judaism, Eastern European Yiddish-speaking Jews.
  3. 10:4 Elishah: Cyprus; the Kittim: certain inhabitants of Cyprus; the Rodanim: the inhabitants of Rhodes.

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