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The History of Creation(A)

In the (B)beginning (C)God created the heavens and the earth. The earth was (D)without form, and void; and darkness [a]was on the face of the deep. (E)And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.

(F)Then God said, (G)“Let there be (H)light”; and there was light. And God saw the light, that it was good; and God divided the light from the darkness. God called the light Day, and the (I)darkness He called Night. [b]So the evening and the morning were the first day.

Then God said, (J)“Let there be a [c]firmament in the midst of the waters, and let it divide the waters from the waters.” Thus God made the firmament, (K)and divided the waters which were under the firmament from the waters which were (L)above the firmament; and it was so. And God called the firmament Heaven. So the evening and the morning were the second day.

Then God said, (M)“Let the waters under the heavens be gathered together into one place, and (N)let the dry land appear”; and it was so. 10 And God called the dry land Earth, and the gathering together of the waters He called Seas. And God saw that it was good.

11 Then God said, “Let the earth (O)bring forth grass, the herb that yields seed, and the (P)fruit tree that yields fruit according to its kind, whose seed is in itself, on the earth”; and it was so. 12 And the earth brought forth grass, the herb that yields seed according to its kind, and the tree that yields fruit, whose seed is in itself according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. 13 So the evening and the morning were the third day.

14 Then God said, “Let there be (Q)lights in the firmament of the heavens to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs and (R)seasons, and for days and years; 15 and let them be for lights in the firmament of the heavens to give light on the earth”; and it was so. 16 Then God made two great [d]lights: the (S)greater light to rule the day, and the (T)lesser light to rule the night. He made (U)the stars also. 17 God set them in the firmament of the (V)heavens to give light on the earth, 18 and to (W)rule over the day and over the night, and to divide the light from the darkness. And God saw that it was good. 19 So the evening and the morning were the fourth day.

20 Then God said, “Let the waters abound with an abundance of living [e]creatures, and let birds fly above the earth across the face of the [f]firmament of the heavens.” 21 So (X)God created great sea creatures and every living thing that moves, with which the waters abounded, according to their kind, and every winged bird according to its kind. And God saw that it was good. 22 And God blessed them, saying, (Y)“Be fruitful and multiply, and fill the waters in the seas, and let birds multiply on the earth.” 23 So the evening and the morning were the fifth day.

24 Then God said, “Let the earth bring forth the living creature according to its kind: cattle and creeping thing and beast of the earth, each according to its kind”; and it was so. 25 And God made the beast of the earth according to its kind, cattle according to its kind, and everything that creeps on the earth according to its kind. And God saw that it was good.

26 Then God said, (Z)“Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness; (AA)let them have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over the cattle, over [g]all the earth and over every creeping thing that creeps on the earth.” 27 So God created man (AB)in His own image; in the image of God He created him; (AC)male and female He created them. 28 Then God blessed them, and God said to them, (AD)“Be fruitful and multiply; fill the earth and (AE)subdue it; have dominion over the fish of the sea, over the birds of the air, and over every living thing that [h]moves on the earth.”

29 And God said, “See, I have given you every herb that yields seed which is on the face of all the earth, and every tree whose fruit yields seed; (AF)to you it shall be for food. 30 Also, to (AG)every beast of the earth, to every (AH)bird of the air, and to everything that creeps on the earth, in which there is [i]life, I have given every green herb for food”; and it was so. 31 Then (AI)God saw everything that He had made, and indeed it was very good. So the evening and the morning were the sixth day.

The Garden of Eden

Thus the heavens and the earth, and (AJ)all the host of them, were finished. (AK)And on the seventh day God ended His work which He had done, and He rested on the seventh day from all His work which He had done. Then God (AL)blessed the seventh day and sanctified it, because in it He rested from all His work which God had created and made.

(AM)This is the [j]history of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the Lord God made the earth and the heavens, before any (AN)plant of the field was in the earth and before any herb of the field had grown. For the Lord God had not (AO)caused it to rain on the earth, and there was no man (AP)to till the ground; but a mist went up from the earth and watered the whole face of the ground.

And the Lord God formed man of the (AQ)dust of the ground, and (AR)breathed into his (AS)nostrils the breath of life; and (AT)man became a living being.

Life in God’s Garden

The Lord God planted (AU)a garden (AV)eastward in (AW)Eden, and there He put the man whom He had formed. And out of the ground the Lord God made (AX)every tree grow that is pleasant to the sight and good for food. (AY)The tree of life was also in the midst of the garden, and the tree of the knowledge of good and (AZ)evil.

10 Now a river went out of Eden to water the garden, and from there it parted and became four riverheads. 11 The name of the first is Pishon; it is the one which skirts (BA)the whole land of Havilah, where there is gold. 12 And the gold of that land is good. (BB)Bdellium and the onyx stone are there. 13 The name of the second river is Gihon; it is the one which goes around the whole land of Cush. 14 The name of the third river is (BC)Hiddekel;[k] it is the one which goes toward the east of [l]Assyria. The fourth river is the Euphrates.

15 Then the Lord God took [m]the man and put him in the garden of Eden to [n]tend and keep it. 16 And the Lord God commanded the man, saying, “Of every tree of the garden you may freely eat; 17 but of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil (BD)you shall not eat, for in the day that you eat of it (BE)you[o] shall surely (BF)die.”

18 And the Lord God said, “It is not good that man should be alone; (BG)I will make him a helper comparable to him.” 19 (BH)Out of the ground the Lord God formed every beast of the field and every bird of the air, and (BI)brought them to [p]Adam to see what he would call them. And whatever Adam called each living creature, that was its name. 20 So Adam gave names to all cattle, to the birds of the air, and to every beast of the field. But for Adam there was not found a helper comparable to him.

21 And the Lord God caused a (BJ)deep sleep to fall on Adam, and he slept; and He took one of his ribs, and closed up the flesh in its place. 22 Then the rib which the Lord God had taken from man He [q]made into a woman, (BK)and He (BL)brought her to the man.

23 And Adam said:

“This is now (BM)bone of my bones
And flesh of my flesh;
She shall be called [r]Woman,
Because she was (BN)taken out of [s]Man.”

24 (BO)Therefore a man shall leave his father and mother and (BP)be[t] joined to his wife, and they shall become one flesh.

25 (BQ)And they were both naked, the man and his wife, and were not (BR)ashamed.

The Temptation and Fall of Man(BS)

Now (BT)the serpent was (BU)more cunning than any beast of the field which the Lord God had made. And he said to the woman, “Has God indeed said, ‘You shall not eat of every tree of the garden’?”

And the woman said to the serpent, “We may eat the (BV)fruit of the trees of the garden; but of the fruit of the tree which is in the midst of the garden, God has said, ‘You shall not eat it, nor shall you (BW)touch it, lest you die.’ ”

(BX)Then the serpent said to the woman, “You will not surely die. For God knows that in the day you eat of it your eyes will be opened, and you will be like God, knowing good and evil.”

So when the woman (BY)saw that the tree was good for food, that it was [u]pleasant to the eyes, and a tree desirable to make one wise, she took of its fruit (BZ)and ate. She also gave to her husband with her, and he ate. Then the eyes of both of them were opened, (CA)and they knew that they were naked; and they sewed fig leaves together and made themselves [v]coverings.

And they heard (CB)the [w]sound of the Lord God walking in the garden in the [x]cool of the day, and Adam and his wife (CC)hid themselves from the presence of the Lord God among the trees of the garden.

Then the Lord God called to Adam and said to him, “Where are you?”

10 So he said, “I heard Your voice in the garden, (CD)and I was afraid because I was naked; and I hid myself.”

11 And He said, “Who told you that you were naked? Have you eaten from the tree of which I commanded you that you should not eat?”

12 Then the man said, (CE)“The woman whom You gave to be with me, she gave me of the tree, and I ate.”

13 And the Lord God said to the woman, “What is this you have done?”

The woman said, (CF)“The serpent deceived me, and I ate.”

14 So the Lord God said to the serpent:

“Because you have done this,
You are cursed more than all cattle,
And more than every beast of the field;
On your belly you shall go,
And (CG)you shall eat dust
All the days of your life.
15 And I will put enmity
Between you and the woman,
And between (CH)your seed and (CI)her Seed;
(CJ)He shall bruise your head,
And you shall bruise His heel.”

16 To the woman He said:

“I will greatly multiply your sorrow and your conception;
(CK)In pain you shall bring forth children;
(CL)Your desire shall be [y]for your husband,
And he shall (CM)rule over you.”

17 Then to Adam He said, (CN)“Because you have heeded the voice of your wife, and have eaten from the tree (CO)of which I commanded you, saying, ‘You shall not eat of it’:

(CP)“Cursed is the ground for your sake;
(CQ)In toil you shall eat of it
All the days of your life.
18 Both thorns and thistles it shall [z]bring forth for you,
And (CR)you shall eat the herb of the field.
19 (CS)In the sweat of your face you shall eat bread
Till you return to the ground,
For out of it you were taken;
(CT)For dust you are,
And (CU)to dust you shall return.”

20 And Adam called his wife’s name (CV)Eve,[aa] because she was the mother of all living.

21 Also for Adam and his wife the Lord God made tunics of skin, and clothed them.

22 Then the Lord God said, “Behold, the man has become like one of Us, to know good and evil. And now, lest he put out his hand and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live forever”— 23 therefore the Lord God sent him out of the garden of Eden (CW)to till the ground from which he was taken. 24 So (CX)He drove out the man; and He placed (CY)cherubim (CZ)at the east of the garden of Eden, and a flaming sword which turned every way, to guard the way to the tree of (DA)life.


  1. Genesis 1:2 Words in italic type have been added for clarity. They are not found in the original Hebrew or Aramaic.
  2. Genesis 1:5 Lit. And evening was, and morning was, a day, one.
  3. Genesis 1:6 expanse
  4. Genesis 1:16 luminaries
  5. Genesis 1:20 souls
  6. Genesis 1:20 expanse
  7. Genesis 1:26 Syr. all the wild animals of
  8. Genesis 1:28 moves about on
  9. Genesis 1:30 a living soul
  10. Genesis 2:4 Heb. toledoth, lit. generations
  11. Genesis 2:14 Or Tigris
  12. Genesis 2:14 Heb. Ashshur
  13. Genesis 2:15 Or Adam
  14. Genesis 2:15 cultivate
  15. Genesis 2:17 Lit. dying you shall die
  16. Genesis 2:19 Or the man
  17. Genesis 2:22 Lit. built
  18. Genesis 2:23 Heb. Ishshah
  19. Genesis 2:23 Heb. Ish
  20. Genesis 2:24 Lit. cling
  21. Genesis 3:6 Lit. a desirable thing
  22. Genesis 3:7 girding coverings
  23. Genesis 3:8 Or voice
  24. Genesis 3:8 Or wind, breeze
  25. Genesis 3:16 Lit. toward
  26. Genesis 3:18 cause to grow
  27. Genesis 3:20 Lit. Life or Living

(A)Behold, I was brought forth in iniquity,
And in sin my mother conceived me.

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But He was (A)wounded[a] for our transgressions,
He was [b]bruised for our iniquities;
The chastisement for our peace was upon Him,
And by His (B)stripes[c] we are healed.

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  1. Isaiah 53:5 Or pierced through
  2. Isaiah 53:5 crushed
  3. Isaiah 53:5 Blows that cut in

All Have Sinned(A)

What then? Are we better than they? Not at all. For we have previously charged both Jews and Greeks that (B)they are all under sin.

10 As it is written:

(C)“There is none righteous, no, not one;
11 There is none who understands;
There is none who seeks after God.
12 They have all turned aside;
They have together become unprofitable;
There is none who does good, no, not one.”
13 “Their(D) throat is an open [a]tomb;
With their tongues they have practiced deceit”;
(E)“The poison of asps is under their lips”;
14 “Whose(F) mouth is full of cursing and bitterness.”
15 “Their(G) feet are swift to shed blood;
16 Destruction and misery are in their ways;
17 And the way of peace they have not known.”
18 “There(H) is no fear of God before their eyes.”

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  1. Romans 3:13 grave

Death in Adam, Life in Christ(A)

12 Therefore, just as (B)through one man sin entered the world, and (C)death through sin, and thus death spread to all men, because all sinned— 13 (For until the law sin was in the world, but (D)sin is not imputed when there is no law. 14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over those who had not sinned according to the likeness of the transgression of Adam, (E)who is a type of Him who was to come. 15 But the free gift is not like the [a]offense. For if by the one man’s offense many died, much more the grace of God and the gift by the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, abounded (F)to many. 16 And the gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned. For the judgment which came from one offense resulted in condemnation, but the free gift which came from many [b]offenses resulted in justification. 17 For if by the one man’s [c]offense death reigned through the one, much more those who receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ.)

18 Therefore, as through [d]one man’s offense judgment came to all men, resulting in condemnation, even so through (G)one[e] Man’s righteous act the free gift came (H)to all men, resulting in justification of life. 19 For as by one man’s disobedience many were made sinners, so also by (I)one Man’s obedience many will be made righteous.

20 Moreover (J)the law entered that the offense might abound. But where sin abounded, grace (K)abounded much more, 21 so that as sin reigned in death, even so grace might reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

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  1. Romans 5:15 trespass or false step
  2. Romans 5:16 trespasses
  3. Romans 5:17 trespass
  4. Romans 5:18 Or one trespass
  5. Romans 5:18 Or one righteous act

By Grace Through Faith

And (A)you He made alive, (B)who were dead in trespasses and sins, (C)in which you once walked according to the [a]course of this world, according to (D)the prince of the power of the air, the spirit who now works in (E)the sons of disobedience, (F)among whom also we all once conducted ourselves in (G)the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the desires of the flesh and of the mind, and (H)were by nature children of wrath, just as the others.

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  1. Ephesians 2:2 Gr. aion, aeon

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