The Big Picture in Shorthand: Adam and the Messiah

12 Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one human being, and death through sin, and in that way death spread to all humans, in that all sinned . . . 13 Sin was in the world, you see, even in the absence of the law, though sin is not calculated when there is no law. 14 But death reigned from Adam to Moses, even over the people who did not sin by breaking a command, as Adam had done – Adam, who was the imprint of the one who would come.

15 But it isn’t ‘as the trespass, so also the gift’. For if many died by one person’s trespass, how much more has God’s grace, and the gift in grace through the one person Jesus the Messiah, abounded to the many. 16 And nor is it ‘as through the sin of the one, so also the gift’. For the judgment which followed the one trespass resulted in a negative verdict, but the free gift which followed many trespasses resulted in a positive verdict. 17 For if, by the trespass of the one, death reigned through that one, how much more will those who receive the abundance of grace, and of the gift of covenant membership, of ‘being in the right’, reign in life through the one man Jesus the Messiah.

The Triumphant Reign of Grace

18 So, then, just as, through the trespass of one person, the result was condemnation for all people, even so, through the upright act of one person, the result is justification – life for all people. 19 For just as through the disobedience of one person many received the status of ‘sinner’, so through the obedience of one person many will receive the status of ‘in the right’.

20 The law came in alongside, so that the trespass might be filled out to its full extent. But where sin increased, grace increased all the more; 21 so that, just as sin reigned in death, even so, through God’s faithful covenant justice, grace might reign to the life of the age to come, through Jesus the Messiah, our Lord.

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