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Jacob Flees from Laban

31 Now Jacob heard the words of Laban’s sons, saying, “Jacob has taken away all that was our father’s, and from what was our father’s he has acquired all this (A)wealth.” And Jacob saw the (B)countenance of Laban, and indeed it was not (C)favorable toward him as before. Then the Lord said to Jacob, (D)“Return to the land of your fathers and to your family, and I will (E)be with you.”

So Jacob sent and called Rachel and Leah to the field, to his flock, and said to them, (F)“I see your father’s [a]countenance, that it is not favorable toward me as before; but the God of my father (G)has been with me. And (H)you know that with all my might I have served your father. Yet your father has deceived me and (I)changed my wages (J)ten times, but God (K)did not allow him to hurt me. If he said thus: (L)‘The speckled shall be your wages,’ then all the flocks bore speckled. And if he said thus: ‘The streaked shall be your wages,’ then all the flocks bore streaked. So God has (M)taken away the livestock of your father and given them to me.

10 “And it happened, at the time when the flocks conceived, that I lifted my eyes and saw in a dream, and behold, the rams which leaped upon the flocks were streaked, speckled, and gray-spotted. 11 Then (N)the Angel of God spoke to me in a dream, saying, ‘Jacob.’ And I said, ‘Here I am.’ 12 And He said, ‘Lift your eyes now and see, all the rams which leap on the flocks are streaked, speckled, and gray-spotted; for (O)I have seen all that Laban is doing to you. 13 I am the God of Bethel, (P)where you anointed the pillar and where you made a vow to Me. Now (Q)arise, get out of this land, and return to the land of your family.’ ”

14 Then Rachel and Leah answered and said to him, (R)“Is there still any portion or inheritance for us in our father’s house? 15 Are we not considered strangers by him? For (S)he has sold us, and also completely consumed our money. 16 For all these riches which God has taken from our father are really ours and our children’s; now then, whatever God has said to you, do it.”

17 Then Jacob rose and set his sons and his wives on camels. 18 And he carried away all his livestock and all his possessions which he had gained, his acquired livestock which he had gained in Padan Aram, to go to his father Isaac in the land of (T)Canaan. 19 Now Laban had gone to shear his sheep, and Rachel had stolen the (U)household[b] idols that were her father’s. 20 And Jacob stole away, unknown to Laban the Syrian, in that he did not tell him that he intended to flee. 21 So he fled with all that he had. He arose and crossed the river, and (V)headed[c] toward the mountains of Gilead.

Laban Pursues Jacob

22 And Laban was told on the third day that Jacob had fled. 23 Then he took (W)his brethren with him and pursued him for seven days’ journey, and he overtook him in the mountains of Gilead. 24 But God (X)had come to Laban the Syrian in a dream by night, and said to him, “Be careful that you (Y)speak to Jacob neither good nor bad.”

25 So Laban overtook Jacob. Now Jacob had pitched his tent in the mountains, and Laban with his brethren pitched in the mountains of Gilead.

26 And Laban said to Jacob: “What have you done, that you have stolen away unknown to me, and (Z)carried away my daughters like captives taken with the sword? 27 Why did you flee away secretly, and steal away from me, and not tell me; for I might have sent you away with joy and songs, with timbrel and harp? 28 And you did not allow me (AA)to kiss my sons and my daughters. Now (AB)you have done foolishly in so doing. 29 It is in my power to do you harm, but the (AC)God of your father spoke to me (AD)last night, saying, ‘Be careful that you speak to Jacob neither good nor bad.’ 30 And now you have surely gone because you greatly long for your father’s house, but why did you (AE)steal my gods?”

31 Then Jacob answered and said to Laban, “Because I was (AF)afraid, for I said, ‘Perhaps you would take your daughters from me by force.’ 32 With whomever you find your gods, (AG)do not let him live. In the presence of our brethren, identify what I have of yours and take it with you.” For Jacob did not know that Rachel had stolen them.

33 And Laban went into Jacob’s tent, into Leah’s tent, and into the two maids’ tents, but he did not find them. Then he went out of Leah’s tent and entered Rachel’s tent. 34 Now Rachel had taken the [d]household idols, put them in the camel’s saddle, and sat on them. And Laban [e]searched all about the tent but did not find them. 35 And she said to her father, “Let it not displease my lord that I cannot (AH)rise before you, for the manner of women is with me.” And he searched but did not find the [f]household idols.

36 Then Jacob was angry and rebuked Laban, and Jacob answered and said to Laban: “What is my [g]trespass? What is my sin, that you have so hotly pursued me? 37 Although you have searched all my things, what part of your household things have you found? Set it here before my brethren and your brethren, that they may judge between us both! 38 These twenty years I have been with you; your ewes and your female goats have not miscarried their young, and I have not eaten the rams of your flock. 39 (AI)That which was torn by beasts I did not bring to you; I bore the loss of it. (AJ)You required it from my hand, whether stolen by day or stolen by night. 40 There I was! In the day the drought consumed me, and the frost by night, and my sleep departed from my eyes. 41 Thus I have been in your house twenty years; I (AK)served you fourteen years for your two daughters, and six years for your flock, and (AL)you have changed my wages ten times. 42 (AM)Unless the God of my father, the God of Abraham and (AN)the Fear of Isaac, had been with me, surely now you would have sent me away empty-handed. (AO)God has seen my affliction and the labor of my hands, and (AP)rebuked you last night.”

Laban’s Covenant with Jacob

43 And Laban answered and said to Jacob, “These daughters are my daughters, and these children are my children, and this flock is my flock; all that you see is mine. But what can I do this day to these my daughters or to their children whom they have borne? 44 Now therefore, come, (AQ)let us make a [h]covenant, (AR)you and I, and let it be a witness between you and me.”

45 So Jacob (AS)took a stone and set it up as a pillar. 46 Then Jacob said to his brethren, “Gather stones.” And they took stones and made a heap, and they ate there on the heap. 47 Laban called it [i]Jegar Sahadutha, but Jacob called it [j]Galeed. 48 And Laban said, (AT)“This heap is a witness between you and me this day.” Therefore its name was called Galeed, 49 also (AU)Mizpah,[k] because he said, “May the Lord watch between you and me when we are absent one from another. 50 If you afflict my daughters, or if you take other wives besides my daughters, although no man is with us—see, God is witness between you and me!”

51 Then Laban said to Jacob, “Here is this heap and here is this pillar, which I have placed between you and me. 52 This heap is a witness, and this pillar is a witness, that I will not pass beyond this heap to you, and you will not pass beyond this heap and this pillar to me, for harm. 53 The God of Abraham, the God of Nahor, and the God of their father (AV)judge between us.” And Jacob (AW)swore by (AX)the [l]Fear of his father Isaac. 54 Then Jacob offered a sacrifice on the mountain, and called his brethren to eat bread. And they ate bread and stayed all night on the mountain. 55 And early in the morning Laban arose, and (AY)kissed his sons and daughters and (AZ)blessed them. Then Laban departed and (BA)returned to his place.

Esau Comes to Meet Jacob

32 So Jacob went on his way, and (BB)the angels of God met him. When Jacob saw them, he said, “This is God’s (BC)camp.” And he called the name of that place [m]Mahanaim.

Then Jacob sent messengers before him to Esau his brother (BD)in the land of Seir, (BE)the [n]country of Edom. And he commanded them, saying, (BF)“Speak thus to my lord Esau, ‘Thus your servant Jacob says: “I have dwelt with Laban and stayed there until now. (BG)I have oxen, donkeys, flocks, and male and female servants; and I have sent to tell my lord, that (BH)I may find favor in your sight.” ’ ”

Then the messengers returned to Jacob, saying, “We came to your brother Esau, and (BI)he also is coming to meet you, and four hundred men are with him.” So Jacob was greatly afraid and (BJ)distressed; and he divided the people that were with him, and the flocks and herds and camels, into two companies. And he said, “If Esau comes to the one company and [o]attacks it, then the other company which is left will escape.”

(BK)Then Jacob said, (BL)“O God of my father Abraham and God of my father Isaac, the Lord (BM)who said to me, ‘Return to your country and to your family, and I will deal well with you’: 10 I am not worthy of the least of all the (BN)mercies and of all the truth which You have shown Your servant; for I crossed over this Jordan with (BO)my staff, and now I have become two companies. 11 (BP)Deliver me, I pray, from the hand of my brother, from the hand of Esau; for I fear him, lest he come and [p]attack me and (BQ)the mother with the children. 12 For (BR)You said, ‘I will surely treat you well, and make your descendants as the (BS)sand of the sea, which cannot be numbered for multitude.’ ”

13 So he lodged there that same night, and took what [q]came to his hand as (BT)a present for Esau his brother: 14 two hundred female goats and twenty male goats, two hundred ewes and twenty rams, 15 thirty milk camels with their colts, forty cows and ten bulls, twenty female donkeys and ten foals. 16 Then he delivered them to the hand of his servants, every drove by itself, and said to his servants, “Pass over before me, and put some distance between successive droves.” 17 And he commanded the first one, saying, “When Esau my brother meets you and asks you, saying, ‘To whom do you belong, and where are you going? Whose are these in front of you?’ 18 then you shall say, ‘They are your servant Jacob’s. It is a present sent to my lord Esau; and behold, he also is behind us.’ ” 19 So he commanded the second, the third, and all who followed the droves, saying, “In this manner you shall speak to Esau when you find him; 20 and also say, ‘Behold, your servant Jacob is behind us.’ ” For he said, “I will (BU)appease him with the present that goes before me, and afterward I will see his face; perhaps he will accept me.” 21 So the present went on over before him, but he himself lodged that night in the camp.

Wrestling with God

22 And he arose that night and took his two wives, his two female servants, and his eleven sons, (BV)and crossed over the ford of Jabbok. 23 He took them, sent them [r]over the brook, and sent over what he had. 24 Then Jacob was left alone; and (BW)a Man wrestled with him until the [s]breaking of day. 25 Now when He saw that He did not prevail against him, He [t]touched the socket of his hip; and (BX)the socket of Jacob’s hip was out of joint as He wrestled with him. 26 And (BY)He said, “Let Me go, for the day breaks.”

But he said, (BZ)“I will not let You go unless You bless me!”

27 So He said to him, “What is your name?”

He said, “Jacob.”

28 And He said, (CA)“Your name shall no longer be called Jacob, but [u]Israel; for you have (CB)struggled with God and (CC)with men, and have prevailed.”

29 Then Jacob asked, saying, “Tell me Your name, I pray.”

And He said, (CD)“Why is it that you ask about My name?” And He (CE)blessed him there.

30 So Jacob called the name of the place [v]Peniel: “For (CF)I have seen God face to face, and my life is preserved.” 31 Just as he crossed over [w]Penuel the sun rose on him, and he limped on his hip. 32 Therefore to this day the children of Israel do not eat the muscle that shrank, which is on the hip socket, because He [x]touched the socket of Jacob’s hip in the muscle that shrank.

Footnotes

  1. Genesis 31:5 Lit. face
  2. Genesis 31:19 Heb. teraphim
  3. Genesis 31:21 Lit. set his face toward
  4. Genesis 31:34 Heb. teraphim
  5. Genesis 31:34 Lit. felt
  6. Genesis 31:35 Heb. teraphim
  7. Genesis 31:36 transgression
  8. Genesis 31:44 treaty
  9. Genesis 31:47 Lit., in Aram., Heap of Witness
  10. Genesis 31:47 Lit., in Heb., Heap of Witness
  11. Genesis 31:49 Lit. Watch
  12. Genesis 31:53 A reference to God
  13. Genesis 32:2 Lit. Double Camp
  14. Genesis 32:3 Lit. field
  15. Genesis 32:8 Lit. strikes
  16. Genesis 32:11 Lit. strike
  17. Genesis 32:13 he had received
  18. Genesis 32:23 across
  19. Genesis 32:24 dawn
  20. Genesis 32:25 struck
  21. Genesis 32:28 Lit. Prince with God
  22. Genesis 32:30 Lit. Face of God
  23. Genesis 32:31 Lit. Face of God; same as Peniel, v. 30
  24. Genesis 32:32 struck

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