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Yahweh Appears to Abraham

18 Then (A)Yahweh appeared to him by the [a](B)oaks of Mamre, while he was sitting at the tent door in the heat of the day. And he lifted up his eyes and looked, and behold, three (C)men were standing nearby; he saw, and he ran from the tent door to meet them, and he bowed himself to the earth, and he said, “[b]My Lord, if now I have found favor in Your sight, please do not [c]pass Your servant by. Please let a little water be brought and (D)wash your feet, and [d]rest yourselves under the tree; and let me [e](E)bring a piece of bread, that you may [f]refresh your hearts; after that you may pass on, since in such a manner you have passed by your servant.” And they said, “So you shall do, as you have said.” So Abraham hurried into the tent to Sarah and said, “[g]Hurry, prepare [h]three seahs of fine flour, knead it, and make bread cakes.” Abraham also ran to the herd and took a tender and [i]choice calf and gave it to his young man, and he hurried to prepare it. Then he took curds and milk and the calf which he had prepared, and placed it before them; and he was standing by them under the tree, and they ate.

Then they said to him, “Where is Sarah your wife?” And he said, “There, in the tent.” 10 And He said, “(F)I will surely return to you [j]at this time next year; and behold, Sarah your wife will have a son.” And Sarah was listening at the tent door which was behind him. 11 Now (G)Abraham and Sarah were old, advanced in age; Sarah was (H)past [k]childbearing. 12 And Sarah laughed [l]to herself, saying, “(I)After I am worn out, shall I have pleasure, my (J)lord being old also?” 13 And Yahweh said to Abraham, “Why did Sarah laugh, saying, ‘Shall I indeed [m]bear a son, when I am so old?’ 14 (K)Is anything too [n]difficult for Yahweh? At the (L)appointed time I will return to you, [o]at this time next year, and Sarah will have a son.” 15 Then Sarah denied it however, saying, “I did not laugh”; for she was afraid. And He said, “No, but you did laugh.”

Yahweh and Abraham Speak About Sodom

16 Then (M)the men rose up from there and looked down toward Sodom; and Abraham was walking with them to send them off. 17 (N)Now Yahweh said, “Shall I conceal from Abraham (O)what I am about to do, 18 since Abraham will surely become a great and [p]mighty nation, and in him (P)all the nations of the earth will be blessed? 19 For I have [q](Q)known him, so that he may (R)command his children and his household after him, (S)that they keep the way of Yahweh to do righteousness and justice, so that Yahweh may bring upon Abraham (T)what He has spoken about him.” 20 So Yahweh said, “(U)The outcry of Sodom and Gomorrah is indeed great, and their sin is exceedingly grave. 21 I will (V)go down now and see whether they have done entirely according to its outcry, which has come to Me; and if not, I will know.”

22 Then (W)the men turned away from there and went toward Sodom, while Abraham was still standing before (X)Yahweh. 23 Then Abraham came near and said, “(Y)Will You indeed sweep away the righteous with the wicked? 24 Suppose there are fifty righteous within the city; will You indeed sweep it away and not [r]spare the place for the sake of the fifty righteous who are in it? 25 Far be it from You to do [s]such a thing, to put to death the righteous with the wicked, so that the righteous and the wicked are treated alike. Far be it from You! Shall not (Z)the Judge of all the earth do justice?” 26 So Yahweh said, “(AA)If I find in Sodom fifty righteous within the city, then I will [t]spare the whole place on their account.” 27 And Abraham answered and said, “Now behold, I have [u]ventured to speak to the Lord, although I am but (AB)dust and ashes. 28 Suppose the fifty righteous are lacking five, will You destroy the whole city because of five?” And He said, “I will not destroy it if I find forty-five there.” 29 Then he spoke to Him yet again and said, “Suppose forty are found there?” And He said, “I will not do it on account of the forty.” 30 Then he said, “Oh may the Lord not be angry, and I shall speak; suppose thirty are found there?” And He said, “I will not do it if I find thirty there.” 31 And he said, “Now behold, I have [v]ventured to speak to the Lord; suppose twenty are found there?” And He said, “I will not destroy it on account of the twenty.” 32 Then he said, “(AC)Oh may the Lord not be angry, and I shall speak only this once; suppose ten are found there?” And He said, “I will not destroy it on account of the ten.” 33 And as soon as He had finished speaking to Abraham, (AD)Yahweh departed, and Abraham returned to his place.


  1. Genesis 18:1 Or terebinths
  2. Genesis 18:3 Or O Lord
  3. Genesis 18:3 Lit pass away from Your servant
  4. Genesis 18:4 Lit support
  5. Genesis 18:5 Lit take
  6. Genesis 18:5 Lit sustain your heart
  7. Genesis 18:6 Lit Hasten 3 measures
  8. Genesis 18:6 Approx. 21 qt. or 23 l, a seah was approx. 7 qt. or 7.7 l
  9. Genesis 18:7 Lit good
  10. Genesis 18:10 Lit when the time revives
  11. Genesis 18:11 Lit the manner of women
  12. Genesis 18:12 Lit within
  13. Genesis 18:13 Lit surely bear
  14. Genesis 18:14 Or marvelous
  15. Genesis 18:14 Lit when the time revives
  16. Genesis 18:18 Or populous
  17. Genesis 18:19 Or chosen
  18. Genesis 18:24 Or forgive
  19. Genesis 18:25 Lit after this manner
  20. Genesis 18:26 Or forgive
  21. Genesis 18:27 Lit undertaken
  22. Genesis 18:31 Lit undertaken