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The Generations of Shem, Ham, and Japheth

10 Now these are the generations of Shem, Ham, and Japheth, the sons of Noah; and sons were born to them after the flood.

(A)The sons of Japheth were (B)Gomer and Magog and (C)Madai and (D)Javan and Tubal and (E)Meshech and Tiras. The sons of Gomer were (F)Ashkenaz and [a]Riphath and (G)Togarmah. The sons of Javan were Elishah and (H)Tarshish, Kittim and [b]Dodanim. From these the coastlands of the nations [c]were separated into their lands, every one according to his tongue, according to their families, into their nations.

(I)The sons of Ham were Cush and [d]Mizraim and Put and Canaan. The sons of Cush were (J)Seba and Havilah and Sabtah and (K)Raamah and Sabteca; and the sons of Raamah were (L)Sheba and (M)Dedan. Now Cush [e]was the father of Nimrod; he began to be a mighty one on the earth. He was a mighty hunter before Yahweh; therefore it is said, “Like Nimrod a mighty hunter before Yahweh.” 10 The beginning of his kingdom was [f](N)Babel and Erech and Accad and Calneh, in the land of (O)Shinar. 11 From that land he went out (P)to Assyria and built Nineveh and Rehoboth-Ir and Calah, 12 and Resen between Nineveh and Calah; that is the great city. 13 Mizraim [g]was the father of (Q)Ludim and Anamim and Lehabim and Naphtuhim 14 and (R)Pathrusim and Casluhim (from whom came the Philistines) and Caphtorim.

15 Canaan [h]was the father of (S)Sidon, his firstborn, and (T)Heth 16 and (U)the Jebusite and the Amorite and the Girgashite 17 and the Hivite and the Arkite and the Sinite 18 and the Arvadite and the Zemarite and the Hamathite; and afterward the families of the Canaanite were scattered. 19 (V)The border of the Canaanite [i]extended from Sidon as you go toward Gerar, as far as Gaza; as you go toward (W)Sodom and Gomorrah and Admah and Zeboiim, as far as Lasha. 20 These are the sons of Ham, according to their families, according to their tongues, by their lands, by their nations.

21 Also to Shem, the father of all the children of Eber, and the [j]older brother of Japheth, children were born. 22 (X)The sons of Shem were (Y)Elam and Asshur and (Z)Arpachshad and (AA)Lud and Aram. 23 The sons of Aram were (AB)Uz and Hul and Gether and Mash. 24 Arpachshad [k]was the father of (AC)Shelah; and Shelah [l]was the father of Eber. 25 (AD)Now two sons were born to Eber; the name of the one was [m]Peleg, for in his days the earth was divided; and his brother’s name was Joktan. 26 And Joktan [n]was the father of Almodad and Sheleph and Hazarmaveth and Jerah 27 and Hadoram and Uzal and Diklah 28 and [o]Obal and Abimael and Sheba 29 and Ophir and Havilah and Jobab; all these were the sons of Joktan.

30 Now their [p]settlement [q]extended from Mesha as you go toward Sephar, the hill country of the east. 31 These are the sons of Shem, according to their families, according to their tongues, by their lands, according to their nations.

32 These are the families of the sons of Noah, according to their generations, by their nations; and (AE)out of these the nations were separated on the earth after the flood.


  1. Genesis 10:3 In 1 Chr 1:6, Diphath
  2. Genesis 10:4 In 1 Chr 1:7, Rodanim
  3. Genesis 10:5 Or separated themselves
  4. Genesis 10:6 Or Egypt
  5. Genesis 10:8 Lit begot
  6. Genesis 10:10 Or Babylon
  7. Genesis 10:13 Lit begot
  8. Genesis 10:15 Lit begot
  9. Genesis 10:19 Lit was
  10. Genesis 10:21 Or the brother of Japheth the elder
  11. Genesis 10:24 Lit begot
  12. Genesis 10:24 Lit begot
  13. Genesis 10:25 Lit division
  14. Genesis 10:26 Lit begot
  15. Genesis 10:28 In 1 Chr 1:22, Ebal
  16. Genesis 10:30 Lit dwelling
  17. Genesis 10:30 Lit was