29 Abram and Nahor(A) both married. The name of Abram’s wife was Sarai,(B) and the name of Nahor’s wife was Milkah;(C) she was the daughter of Haran, the father of both Milkah and Iskah. 30 Now Sarai was childless because she was not able to conceive.(D)

31 Terah took his son Abram, his grandson Lot(E) son of Haran, and his daughter-in-law(F) Sarai, the wife of his son Abram, and together they set out from Ur of the Chaldeans(G) to go to Canaan.(H) But when they came to Harran,(I) they settled there.

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He took his wife Sarai,(A) his nephew Lot, all the possessions they had accumulated(B) and the people(C) they had acquired in Harran, and they set out for the land of Canaan,(D) and they arrived there.

Abram traveled through the land(E) as far as the site of the great tree of Moreh(F) at Shechem.(G) At that time the Canaanites(H) were in the land. The Lord appeared to Abram(I) and said, “To your offspring[a] I will give this land.(J)(K) So he built an altar there to the Lord,(L) who had appeared to him.

From there he went on toward the hills east of Bethel(M) and pitched his tent,(N) with Bethel on the west and Ai(O) on the east. There he built an altar to the Lord and called on the name of the Lord.(P)

Then Abram set out and continued toward the Negev.(Q)

Abram in Egypt(R)

10 Now there was a famine in the land,(S) and Abram went down to Egypt to live there for a while because the famine was severe.(T) 11 As he was about to enter Egypt, he said to his wife Sarai,(U) “I know what a beautiful woman(V) you are. 12 When the Egyptians see you, they will say, ‘This is his wife.’ Then they will kill me but will let you live. 13 Say you are my sister,(W) so that I will be treated well for your sake and my life will be spared because of you.”

14 When Abram came to Egypt, the Egyptians saw that Sarai was a very beautiful woman.(X) 15 And when Pharaoh’s officials saw her, they praised her to Pharaoh, and she was taken into his palace. 16 He treated Abram well for her sake, and Abram acquired sheep and cattle, male and female donkeys, male and female servants, and camels.(Y)

17 But the Lord inflicted(Z) serious diseases on Pharaoh and his household(AA) because of Abram’s wife Sarai.

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  1. Genesis 12:7 Or seed

Hagar and Ishmael

16 Now Sarai,(A) Abram’s wife, had borne him no children.(B) But she had an Egyptian slave(C) named Hagar;(D) so she said to Abram, “The Lord has kept me from having children.(E) Go, sleep with my slave; perhaps I can build a family through her.”(F)

Abram agreed to what Sarai said. So after Abram had been living in Canaan(G) ten years,(H) Sarai his wife took her Egyptian slave Hagar and gave her to her husband to be his wife. He slept with Hagar,(I) and she conceived.

When she knew she was pregnant, she began to despise her mistress.(J) Then Sarai said to Abram, “You are responsible for the wrong I am suffering. I put my slave in your arms, and now that she knows she is pregnant, she despises me. May the Lord judge between you and me.”(K)

“Your slave is in your hands,(L)” Abram said. “Do with her whatever you think best.” Then Sarai mistreated(M) Hagar; so she fled from her.

The angel of the Lord(N) found Hagar near a spring(O) in the desert; it was the spring that is beside the road to Shur.(P) And he said, “Hagar,(Q) slave of Sarai, where have you come from, and where are you going?”(R)

“I’m running away from my mistress Sarai,” she answered.

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15 God also said to Abraham, “As for Sarai(A) your wife, you are no longer to call her Sarai; her name will be Sarah.(B) 16 I will bless her and will surely give you a son by her.(C) I will bless her so that she will be the mother of nations;(D) kings of peoples will come from her.”

17 Abraham fell facedown;(E) he laughed(F) and said to himself, “Will a son be born to a man a hundred years old?(G) Will Sarah bear a child at the age of ninety?”(H) 18 And Abraham said to God, “If only Ishmael(I) might live under your blessing!”(J)

19 Then God said, “Yes, but your wife Sarah will bear you a son,(K) and you will call him Isaac.[a](L) I will establish my covenant with him(M) as an everlasting covenant(N) for his descendants after him. 20 And as for Ishmael, I have heard you: I will surely bless him; I will make him fruitful and will greatly increase his numbers.(O) He will be the father of twelve rulers,(P) and I will make him into a great nation.(Q) 21 But my covenant(R) I will establish with Isaac, whom Sarah will bear to you(S) by this time next year.”(T)

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  1. Genesis 17:19 Isaac means he laughs.

18 And Abraham said to God, “If only Ishmael(A) might live under your blessing!”(B)

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and there Abraham said of his wife Sarah, “She is my sister.(A)” Then Abimelek(B) king of Gerar sent for Sarah and took her.(C)

But God came to Abimelek(D) in a dream(E) one night and said to him, “You are as good as dead(F) because of the woman you have taken; she is a married woman.”(G)

Now Abimelek had not gone near her, so he said, “Lord, will you destroy an innocent nation?(H) Did he not say to me, ‘She is my sister,(I)’ and didn’t she also say, ‘He is my brother’? I have done this with a clear conscience(J) and clean hands.(K)

Then God said to him in the dream, “Yes, I know you did this with a clear conscience, and so I have kept(L) you from sinning against me.(M) That is why I did not let you touch her. Now return the man’s wife, for he is a prophet,(N) and he will pray for you(O) and you will live. But if you do not return her, you may be sure that you and all who belong to you will die.”(P)

Early the next morning Abimelek summoned all his officials, and when he told them all that had happened, they were very much afraid. Then Abimelek called Abraham in and said, “What have you done to us? How have I wronged you that you have brought such great guilt upon me and my kingdom? You have done things to me that should never be done.(Q) 10 And Abimelek asked Abraham, “What was your reason for doing this?”

11 Abraham replied, “I said to myself, ‘There is surely no fear of God(R) in this place, and they will kill me because of my wife.’(S) 12 Besides, she really is my sister,(T) the daughter of my father though not of my mother; and she became my wife. 13 And when God had me wander(U) from my father’s household,(V) I said to her, ‘This is how you can show your love to me: Everywhere we go, say of me, “He is my brother.”’”

14 Then Abimelek(W) brought sheep and cattle and male and female slaves and gave them to Abraham,(X) and he returned Sarah his wife to him. 15 And Abimelek said, “My land is before you; live wherever you like.”(Y)

16 To Sarah he said, “I am giving your brother a thousand shekels[a] of silver. This is to cover the offense against you before all who are with you; you are completely vindicated.”

17 Then Abraham prayed to God,(Z) and God healed Abimelek, his wife and his female slaves so they could have children again, 18 for the Lord had kept all the women in Abimelek’s household from conceiving because of Abraham’s wife Sarah.(AA)

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  1. Genesis 20:16 That is, about 25 pounds or about 12 kilograms

The Birth of Isaac

21 Now the Lord was gracious to Sarah(A) as he had said, and the Lord did for Sarah what he had promised.(B) Sarah became pregnant and bore a son(C) to Abraham in his old age,(D) at the very time God had promised him.(E) Abraham gave the name Isaac[a](F) to the son Sarah bore him. When his son Isaac was eight days old, Abraham circumcised him,(G) as God commanded him. Abraham was a hundred years old(H) when his son Isaac was born to him.

Sarah said, “God has brought me laughter,(I) and everyone who hears about this will laugh with me.” And she added, “Who would have said to Abraham that Sarah would nurse children? Yet I have borne him a son in his old age.”(J)

Hagar and Ishmael Sent Away

The child grew and was weaned,(K) and on the day Isaac was weaned Abraham held a great feast. But Sarah saw that the son whom Hagar the Egyptian had borne to Abraham(L) was mocking,(M) 10 and she said to Abraham, “Get rid of that slave woman(N) and her son, for that woman’s son will never share in the inheritance with my son Isaac.”(O)

11 The matter distressed Abraham greatly because it concerned his son.(P) 12 But God said to him, “Do not be so distressed about the boy and your slave woman. Listen to whatever Sarah tells you, because it is through Isaac that your offspring[b] will be reckoned.(Q)

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  1. Genesis 21:3 Isaac means he laughs.
  2. Genesis 21:12 Or seed

The Death of Sarah

23 Sarah lived to be a hundred and twenty-seven years old. She died at Kiriath Arba(A) (that is, Hebron)(B) in the land of Canaan, and Abraham went to mourn for Sarah and to weep over her.(C)

Then Abraham rose from beside his dead wife and spoke to the Hittites.[a](D) He said, “I am a foreigner and stranger(E) among you. Sell me some property for a burial site here so I can bury my dead.(F)

The Hittites replied to Abraham, “Sir, listen to us. You are a mighty prince(G) among us. Bury your dead in the choicest of our tombs. None of us will refuse you his tomb for burying your dead.”

Then Abraham rose and bowed down before the people of the land, the Hittites. He said to them, “If you are willing to let me bury my dead, then listen to me and intercede with Ephron son of Zohar(H) on my behalf so he will sell me the cave of Machpelah,(I) which belongs to him and is at the end of his field. Ask him to sell it to me for the full price as a burial site among you.”

10 Ephron the Hittite was sitting among his people and he replied to Abraham in the hearing of all the Hittites(J) who had come to the gate(K) of his city. 11 “No, my lord,” he said. “Listen to me; I give[b](L) you the field, and I give[c] you the cave that is in it. I give[d] it to you in the presence of my people. Bury your dead.”

12 Again Abraham bowed down before the people of the land 13 and he said to Ephron in their hearing, “Listen to me, if you will. I will pay the price of the field. Accept it from me so I can bury my dead there.”

14 Ephron answered Abraham, 15 “Listen to me, my lord; the land is worth four hundred shekels[e] of silver,(M) but what is that between you and me? Bury your dead.”

16 Abraham agreed to Ephron’s terms and weighed out for him the price he had named in the hearing of the Hittites: four hundred shekels of silver,(N) according to the weight current among the merchants.(O)

17 So Ephron’s field in Machpelah(P) near Mamre(Q)—both the field and the cave in it, and all the trees within the borders of the field—was deeded 18 to Abraham as his property(R) in the presence of all the Hittites(S) who had come to the gate(T) of the city. 19 Afterward Abraham buried his wife Sarah in the cave in the field of Machpelah(U) near Mamre (which is at Hebron(V)) in the land of Canaan.(W)

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  1. Genesis 23:3 Or the descendants of Heth; also in verses 5, 7, 10, 16, 18 and 20
  2. Genesis 23:11 Or sell
  3. Genesis 23:11 Or sell
  4. Genesis 23:11 Or sell
  5. Genesis 23:15 That is, about 10 pounds or about 4.6 kilograms

36 My master’s wife Sarah has borne him a son in her old age,(A) and he has given him everything he owns.(B)

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37 And my master made me swear an oath,(A) and said, ‘You must not get a wife for my son from the daughters of the Canaanites, in whose land I live,(B)

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10 the field Abraham had bought from the Hittites.[a](A) There Abraham was buried with his wife Sarah.

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  1. Genesis 25:10 Or the descendants of Heth

Ishmael’s Sons(A)

12 This is the account(B) of the family line of Abraham’s son Ishmael, whom Sarah’s slave, Hagar(C) the Egyptian, bore to Abraham.(D)

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31 There Abraham(A) and his wife Sarah(B) were buried, there Isaac and his wife Rebekah(C) were buried, and there I buried Leah.(D)

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look to Abraham,(A) your father,
    and to Sarah, who gave you birth.
When I called him he was only one man,
    and I blessed him and made him many.(B)

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19 Without weakening in his faith, he faced the fact that his body was as good as dead(A)—since he was about a hundred years old(B)—and that Sarah’s womb was also dead.(C)

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For this was how the promise was stated: “At the appointed time I will return, and Sarah will have a son.”[a](A)

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  1. Romans 9:9 Gen. 18:10,14

11 And by faith even Sarah, who was past childbearing age,(A) was enabled to bear children(B) because she[a] considered him faithful(C) who had made the promise.

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  1. Hebrews 11:11 Or By faith Abraham, even though he was too old to have children—and Sarah herself was not able to conceive—was enabled to become a father because he

like Sarah, who obeyed Abraham and called him her lord.(A) You are her daughters if you do what is right and do not give way to fear.

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