The Council at Jerusalem

Then after an interval of fourteen years I (A)went up again to Jerusalem with (B)Barnabas, taking (C)Titus along also. [a]It was because of a (D)revelation that I went up; and I submitted to them the (E)gospel which I preach among the Gentiles, but I did so in private to those who were of reputation, for fear that somehow I might be (F)running, or had run, in vain. But not even (G)Titus, who was with me, though he was a Greek, was (H)compelled to be circumcised. Yet it was a concern because of the (I)false brothers secretly brought in, who (J)had sneaked in to spy on our (K)freedom which we have in Christ Jesus, in order to (L)enslave us. But we did not yield in subjection to them, even for an hour, so that (M)the truth of the gospel would remain with you. But from those who [b]were of considerable (N)repute (what they were makes no difference to me; (O)God shows no favoritism)—well, those who were of repute contributed nothing to me. But on the contrary, seeing that I had been (P)entrusted with the (Q)gospel [c]to the uncircumcised, just as (R)Peter had been [d]to the circumcised (for He who was at work for Peter in his (S)apostleship [e]to the circumcised was at work for me also to the Gentiles), and recognizing (T)the grace that had been given to me, [f](U)James and [g](V)Cephas and John, who were (W)reputed to be (X)pillars, gave to me and (Y)Barnabas the (Z)right [h]hand of fellowship, so that we might (AA)go to the Gentiles, and they to the circumcised. 10 They only asked us to remember the poor—(AB)the very thing I also was eager to do.

Peter (Cephas) Opposed by Paul

11 But when (AC)Cephas came to (AD)Antioch, I opposed him to his face, because he [i]stood condemned. 12 For prior to the coming of some men from [j](AE)James, he used to (AF)eat with the Gentiles; but when they came, he began to withdraw and separate himself, (AG)fearing those from the circumcision. 13 The rest of the Jews joined him in hypocrisy, with the result that even (AH)Barnabas was carried away by their hypocrisy. 14 But when I saw that they (AI)were not [k]straightforward about (AJ)the truth of the gospel, I said to (AK)Cephas in the presence of all, “If you, being a Jew, (AL)live like the Gentiles and not like the Jews, how is it that you compel the Gentiles to live like Jews?[l]

15 “We are (AM)Jews by nature and not (AN)sinners from the Gentiles; 16 nevertheless, knowing that (AO)a person is not justified by works of [m]the Law but through faith in Christ Jesus, even we have believed in Christ Jesus, so that we may be justified by (AP)faith in Christ and not by works of [n]the Law; since (AQ)by works of [o]the Law no [p]flesh will be justified. 17 But if, while seeking to be justified in Christ, we ourselves have also been found (AR)sinners, is Christ then a servant of sin? [q](AS)Far from it! 18 For if I rebuild what I have once destroyed, I (AT)prove myself to be a wrongdoer. 19 For through [r]the Law I (AU)died to [s]the Law, so that I might live for God. 20 I have been (AV)crucified with Christ; and it is no longer I who live, but (AW)Christ lives in me; and [t]the life which I now live in the flesh I live by faith in (AX)the Son of God, who (AY)loved me and (AZ)gave Himself up for me. 21 I do not nullify the grace of God, for (BA)if righteousness comes through [u]the Law, then Christ died needlessly.”


  1. Galatians 2:2 Lit according to revelation I went up
  2. Galatians 2:6 Lit reputed as being something
  3. Galatians 2:7 Lit of the uncircumcision; i.e., to Gentiles
  4. Galatians 2:7 Lit of the circumcision; i.e., to Jews
  5. Galatians 2:8 See note 2 v 7
  6. Galatians 2:9 Or Jacob
  7. Galatians 2:9 I.e., Peter
  8. Galatians 2:9 Lit hands
  9. Galatians 2:11 Or was to be condemned; lit was one who was condemned; or was self-condemned
  10. Galatians 2:12 Or Jacob
  11. Galatians 2:14 Or progressing toward; lit walking straightly
  12. Galatians 2:14 Some close the direct quotation here, others extend it through v 21
  13. Galatians 2:16 Or law
  14. Galatians 2:16 Or law
  15. Galatians 2:16 Or law
  16. Galatians 2:16 Or mortal man
  17. Galatians 2:17 Lit May it never happen!
  18. Galatians 2:19 Or law
  19. Galatians 2:19 Or law
  20. Galatians 2:20 Or insofar as I
  21. Galatians 2:21 Or law

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