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13 For you were called for freedom, brothers.(A) But do not use this freedom as an opportunity for the flesh; rather, serve[a] one another through love. 14 For the whole law(B) is fulfilled in one statement, namely, “You shall love your neighbor as yourself.”[b] 15 But if you go on biting and devouring one another, beware that you are not consumed by one another.

16 (C)I say, then: live by the Spirit and you will certainly not gratify the desire of the flesh.[c] 17 For the flesh has desires against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh; these are opposed to each other, so that you may not do what you want.(D) 18 But if you are guided by the Spirit, you are not under the law.(E) 19 [d]Now the works of the flesh are obvious: immorality, impurity, licentiousness,(F) 20 idolatry, sorcery, hatreds, rivalry, jealousy, outbursts of fury, acts of selfishness, dissensions, factions,(G) 21 occasions of envy,[e] drinking bouts, orgies, and the like. I warn you, as I warned you before, that those who do such things will not inherit the kingdom of God. 22 In contrast, the fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, patience, kindness, generosity, faithfulness,(H) 23 gentleness, self-control. Against such there is no law.(I) 24 Now those who belong to Christ [Jesus] have crucified their flesh with its passions and desires.(J) 25 If we live in the Spirit, let us also follow the Spirit.(K) 26 Let us not be conceited, provoking one another, envious of one another.(L)

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  1. 5:13 Serve…through love: cf. Gal 5:6.
  2. 5:14 Lv 19:18, emphasized by Jesus (Mt 22:39; Lk 10:27); cf. Rom 13:8–10.
  3. 5:16–25 Spirit…flesh: cf. Gal 3:3 and the note on Rom 8:1–13.
  4. 5:19–23 Such lists of vices and virtues (cf. Rom 1:29–31; 1 Cor 6:9–10) were common in the ancient world. Paul contrasts works of the flesh (Gal 5:19) with fruit (not “works”) of the Spirit (Gal 5:22). Not law, but the Spirit, leads to such traits.
  5. 5:21 Occasions of envy: after the Greek word phthonoi, “envies,” some manuscripts add a similar sounding one, phonoi, “murders.”

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