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Genesis 16:1-18:15 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

Hagar and Ishmael

16 Abram’s wife Sarai had not borne any children for him, but she owned an Egyptian slave named Hagar. Sarai said to Abram, “Since the Lord has prevented me from bearing children, go to my slave; perhaps through her I can build a family.” And Abram agreed to what Sarai said.[a] So Abram’s wife Sarai took Hagar, her Egyptian slave, and gave her to her husband Abram as a wife for him. This happened after Abram had lived in the land of Canaan 10 years. He slept with[b] Hagar, and she became pregnant. When she realized that she was pregnant, she treated her mistress with contempt. Then Sarai said to Abram, “You are responsible for my suffering![c] I put my slave in your arms,[d] and ever since she saw that she was pregnant, she has treated me with contempt. May the Lord judge between me and you.”

Abram replied to Sarai, “Here, your slave is in your hands; do whatever you want with her.” Then Sarai mistreated her so much that she ran away from her.

The Angel of the Lord found her by a spring of water in the wilderness, the spring on the way to Shur. He said, “Hagar, slave of Sarai, where have you come from and where are you going?”

She replied, “I’m running away from my mistress Sarai.”

Then the Angel of the Lord said to her, “You must go back to your mistress and submit to her mistreatment.”[e] 10 The Angel of the Lord also said to her, “I will greatly multiply your offspring, and they will be too many to count.”

11 Then the Angel of the Lord said to her:

You have conceived and will have a son.
You will name him Ishmael,[f]
for the Lord has heard your cry of affliction.
12 This man will be like a wild donkey.
His hand will be against everyone,
and everyone’s hand will be against him;
he will live at odds with[g] all his brothers.

13 So she called the Lord who spoke to her: The God Who Sees,[h] for she said, “In this place, have I actually seen the One who sees me?”[i] 14 That is why she named the spring, “A Well of the Living One Who Sees Me.”[j] It is located between Kadesh and Bered.

15 So Hagar gave birth to Abram’s son, and Abram gave the name Ishmael to the son Hagar had. 16 Abram was 86 years old when Hagar bore Ishmael to him.

Covenant Circumcision

17 When Abram was 99 years old, the Lord appeared to him, saying, “I am God Almighty. Live in My presence and be blameless. I will establish My covenant between Me and you, and I will multiply you greatly.”

Then Abram fell facedown and God spoke with him: “As for Me, My covenant is with you: you will become the father of many nations.[k] Your name will no longer be Abram,[l] but your name will be Abraham,[m] for I will make you the father of many nations. I will make you extremely fruitful and will make nations and kings come from you. I will keep My covenant between Me and you, and your future offspring throughout their generations, as an everlasting covenant to be your God and the God of your offspring after you. And to you and your future offspring I will give the land where you are residing—all the land of Canaan—as an eternal possession, and I will be their God.”

God also said to Abraham, “As for you, you and your offspring after you throughout their generations are to keep My covenant. 10 This is My covenant, which you are to keep, between Me and you and your offspring after you: Every one of your males must be circumcised. 11 You must circumcise the flesh of your foreskin to serve as a sign of the covenant between Me and you.[n] 12 Throughout your generations, every male among you at eight days old is to be circumcised. This includes a slave born in your house and one purchased with money from any foreigner. The one who is not your offspring, 13 a slave born in your house, as well as one purchased with money, must be circumcised. My covenant will be marked in your flesh as an everlasting covenant. 14 If any male is not circumcised in the flesh of his foreskin, that man will be cut off from his people; he has broken My covenant.”

15 God said to Abraham, “As for your wife Sarai, do not call her Sarai, for Sarah[o] will be her name. 16 I will bless her; indeed, I will give you a son by her. I will bless her, and she will produce nations; kings of peoples will come from her.”

17 Abraham fell facedown. Then he laughed and said to himself, “Can a child be born to a hundred-year-old man? Can Sarah, a ninety-year-old woman, give birth?” 18 So Abraham said to God, “If only Ishmael were acceptable to You!”[p]

19 But God said, “No. Your wife Sarah will bear you a son, and you will name him Isaac.[q] I will confirm My covenant with him as an everlasting covenant for his future offspring. 20 As for Ishmael, I have heard you. I will certainly bless him; I will make him fruitful and will multiply him greatly. He will father 12 tribal leaders, and I will make him into a great nation. 21 But I will confirm My covenant with Isaac, whom Sarah will bear to you at this time next year.” 22 When He finished talking with him, God withdrew[r] from Abraham.

23 Then Abraham took his son Ishmael and all the slaves born in his house or purchased with his money—every male among the members of Abraham’s household—and he circumcised the flesh of their foreskin on that very day, just as God had said to him. 24 Abraham was 99 years old when the flesh of his foreskin was circumcised, 25 and his son Ishmael was 13 years old when the flesh of his foreskin was circumcised. 26 On that same day Abraham and his son Ishmael were circumcised. 27 And all the men of his household—both slaves born in his house and those purchased with money from a foreigner—were circumcised with him.

Abraham’s Three Visitors

18 Then the Lord appeared to Abraham at the oaks of Mamre while he was sitting in the entrance of his tent during the heat of the day. He looked up, and he saw three men standing near him. When he saw them, he ran from the entrance of the tent to meet them and bowed to the ground. Then he said, “My lord,[s] if I have found favor in your sight, please do not go on past your servant. Let a little water be brought, that you may wash your feet and rest yourselves under the tree. I will bring a bit of bread so that you may strengthen yourselves.[t] This is why you have passed your servant’s way. Later, you can continue on.”

“Yes,” they replied, “do as you have said.”

So Abraham hurried into the tent and said to Sarah, “Quick! Knead three measures[u] of fine flour and make bread.”[v] Meanwhile, Abraham ran to the herd and got a tender, choice calf. He gave it to a young man, who hurried to prepare it. Then Abraham took curds[w] and milk, and the calf that he had prepared, and set them before the men. He served[x] them as they ate under the tree.

Sarah Laughs

“Where is your wife Sarah?” they asked him.

“There, in the tent,” he answered.

10 The Lord said, “I will certainly come back to you in about a year’s time, and your wife Sarah will have a son!” Now Sarah was listening at the entrance of the tent behind him.

11 Abraham and Sarah were old and getting on in years.[y] Sarah had passed the age of childbearing.[z] 12 So she laughed to herself: “After I have become shriveled up and my lord is old, will I have delight?”

13 But the Lord asked Abraham, “Why did Sarah laugh, saying, ‘Can I really have a baby when I’m old?’ 14 Is anything impossible for the Lord? At the appointed time I will come back to you, and in about a year she will have a son.”

15 Sarah denied it. “I did not laugh,” she said, because she was afraid.

But He replied, “No, you did laugh.”


  1. Genesis 16:2 Lit Abram listened to the voice of Sarai
  2. Genesis 16:4 Lit He came to
  3. Genesis 16:5 Or May my suffering be on you
  4. Genesis 16:5 Lit bosom
  5. Genesis 16:9 Lit to mistreatment under her hand
  6. Genesis 16:11 = God Hears
  7. Genesis 16:12 Or live away from
  8. Genesis 16:13 Lit her: You God Who Sees
  9. Genesis 16:13 Hb obscure
  10. Genesis 16:14 Or Beer-lahai-roi
  11. Genesis 17:4 Abraham was the father of the Israelites, Ishmaelites, Edomites, and Midianites. Spiritually, he is the father of all believers; Gl 3:7,29.
  12. Genesis 17:5 = The Father Is Exalted
  13. Genesis 17:5 = Father of a Multitude
  14. Genesis 17:11 You in v. 11 is pl.
  15. Genesis 17:15 = Princess
  16. Genesis 17:18 Lit Ishmael would live in Your sight
  17. Genesis 17:19 = He Laughs
  18. Genesis 17:22 Lit went up, or ascended
  19. Genesis 18:3 Or My Lord, or The Lord
  20. Genesis 18:5 Lit may sustain your heart
  21. Genesis 18:6 Lit three seahs; about 21 quarts
  22. Genesis 18:6 A round, thin, unleavened bread
  23. Genesis 18:8 Or butter
  24. Genesis 18:8 Lit was standing by
  25. Genesis 18:11 Lit days
  26. Genesis 18:11 Lit The way of women had ceased for Sarah

Matthew 6:1-24 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

How to Give

“Be careful not to practice your righteousness[a] in front of people, to be seen by them. Otherwise, you will have no reward from your Father in heaven. So whenever you give to the poor, don’t sound a trumpet before you, as the hypocrites do in the synagogues and on the streets, to be applauded by people. I assure you: They’ve got their reward! But when you give to the poor, don’t let your left hand know what your right hand is doing, so that your giving may be in secret. And your Father who sees in secret will reward you.[b]

How to Pray

“Whenever you pray, you must not be like the hypocrites, because they love to pray standing in the synagogues and on the street corners to be seen by people. I assure you: They’ve got their reward! But when you pray, go into your private room, shut your door, and pray to your Father who is in secret. And your Father who sees in secret will reward you.[c] When you pray, don’t babble like the idolaters,[d] since they imagine they’ll be heard for their many words. Don’t be like them, because your Father knows the things you need before you ask Him.

The Model Prayer

“Therefore, you should pray like this:

Our Father in heaven,
Your name be honored as holy.
10 Your kingdom come.
Your will be done
on earth as it is in heaven.
11 Give us today our daily bread.[e]
12 And forgive us our debts,
as we also have forgiven our debtors.
13 And do not bring us into[f] temptation,
but deliver us from the evil one.[g]
[For Yours is the kingdom and the power
and the glory forever. Amen.][h]

14 “For if you forgive people their wrongdoing,[i] your heavenly Father will forgive you as well. 15 But if you don’t forgive people,[j] your Father will not forgive your wrongdoing.[k]

How to Fast

16 “Whenever you fast, don’t be sad-faced like the hypocrites. For they make their faces unattractive[l] so their fasting is obvious to people. I assure you: They’ve got their reward! 17 But when you fast, put oil on your head, and wash your face, 18 so that you don’t show your fasting to people but to your Father who is in secret. And your Father who sees in secret will reward you.[m]

God and Possessions

19 “Don’t collect for yourselves treasures[n] on earth, where moth and rust destroy and where thieves break in and steal. 20 But collect for yourselves treasures in heaven, where neither moth nor rust destroys, and where thieves don’t break in and steal. 21 For where your treasure is, there your heart will be also.

22 “The eye is the lamp of the body. If your eye is good, your whole body will be full of light. 23 But if your eye is bad, your whole body will be full of darkness. So if the light within you is darkness—how deep is that darkness!

24 “No one can be a slave of two masters, since either he will hate one and love the other, or be devoted to one and despise the other. You cannot be slaves of God and of money.


  1. Matthew 6:1 Other mss read charitable giving
  2. Matthew 6:4 Other mss read will Himself reward you openly
  3. Matthew 6:6 Other mss add openly
  4. Matthew 6:7 Or Gentiles, or nations, or heathen, or pagans
  5. Matthew 6:11 Or our necessary bread, or our bread for tomorrow
  6. Matthew 6:13 Or do not cause us to come into
  7. Matthew 6:13 Or from evil
  8. Matthew 6:13 Other mss omit bracketed text
  9. Matthew 6:14 Or trespasses
  10. Matthew 6:15 Other mss add their wrongdoing
  11. Matthew 6:15 Or trespasses
  12. Matthew 6:16 Or unrecognizable, or disfigured
  13. Matthew 6:18 Other mss add openly
  14. Matthew 6:19 Or valuables

Psalm 7 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

Psalm 7

Prayer for Justice

A Shiggaion[a] of David, which he sang to the Lord concerning the words of Cush,[b] a Benjaminite.

Yahweh my God, I seek refuge in You;
save me from all my pursuers and rescue me
or they[c] will tear me like a lion,
ripping me apart with no one to rescue me.[d]

Yahweh my God, if I have done this,
if there is injustice on my hands,
if I have done harm to one at peace with me
or have plundered[e] my adversary without cause,
may an enemy pursue and overtake me;
may he trample me to the ground
and leave my honor in the dust.Selah

Rise up, Lord, in Your anger;
lift Yourself up against the fury of my adversaries;
awake for me;[f]
You have ordained[g] a judgment.
Let the assembly of peoples gather around You;
take Your seat[h] on high over it.
The Lord judges the peoples;
vindicate me, Lord,
according to my righteousness and my integrity.[i]

Let the evil of the wicked come to an end,
but establish the righteous.
The One who examines the thoughts and emotions[j]
is a righteous God.
10 My shield is with[k] God,
who saves the upright in heart.
11 God is a righteous judge
and a God who shows His wrath every day.

12 If anyone does not repent,
God[l] will sharpen His sword;
He has strung[m] His bow and made it ready.
13 He has prepared His deadly weapons;
He tips His arrows with fire.

14 See, the wicked one is pregnant with evil,
conceives trouble, and gives birth to deceit.
15 He dug a pit and hollowed it out
but fell into the hole he had made.
16 His trouble comes back on his own head,
and his violence falls on the top of his head.

17 I will thank the Lord for His righteousness;
I will sing about the name of Yahweh the Most High.


  1. Psalm 7:1 Perhaps a passionate song with rapid changes of rhythm, or a dirge
  2. Psalm 7:1 LXX, Aq, Sym, Theod, Jer read of the Cushite
  3. Psalm 7:2 Lit he
  4. Psalm 7:2 Lit ripping, and without a rescuer
  5. Psalm 7:4 Or me and have spared
  6. Psalm 7:6 LXX reads awake, Lord my God
  7. Psalm 7:6 Or me; ordain
  8. Psalm 7:7 MT reads and return
  9. Psalm 7:8 Lit integrity on me
  10. Psalm 7:9 Lit examines hearts and kidneys
  11. Psalm 7:10 Lit on
  12. Psalm 7:12 Lit He
  13. Psalm 7:12 Lit bent; that is, bent the bow to string it

Proverbs 2:1-5 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

Wisdom’s Worth

My son, if you accept my words
and store up my commands within you,
listening closely[a] to wisdom
and directing your heart to understanding;
furthermore, if you call out to insight
and lift your voice to understanding,
if you seek it like silver
and search for it like hidden treasure,
then you will understand the fear of the Lord
and discover the knowledge of God.


  1. Proverbs 2:2 Lit you, stretching out your ear

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