Resistance to Rebuilding the Temple

Now when (A)the [a]adversaries of Judah and Benjamin heard that the descendants of the captivity were building the temple of the Lord God of Israel, they came to Zerubbabel and the heads of the fathers’ houses, and said to them, “Let us build with you, for we seek your God as you do; and we have sacrificed to Him (B)since the days of Esarhaddon king of Assyria, who brought us here.” But Zerubbabel and Jeshua and the rest of the heads of the fathers’ houses of Israel said to them, (C)“You may do nothing with us to build a [b]house for our God; but we alone will build to the Lord God of Israel, as (D)King Cyrus the king of Persia has commanded us.” Then (E)the people of the land tried to discourage the people of Judah. They troubled them in building, and hired counselors against them to frustrate their purpose all the days of Cyrus king of Persia, even until the reign of (F)Darius king of Persia.

Rebuilding of Jerusalem Opposed

In the reign of Ahasuerus, in the beginning of his reign, they wrote an accusation against the inhabitants of Judah and Jerusalem.

In the days of (G)Artaxerxes also, [c]Bishlam, Mithredath, Tabel, and the rest of their companions wrote to Artaxerxes king of Persia; and the letter was written in (H)Aramaic script, and translated into the Aramaic language. [d]Rehum the commander and Shimshai the scribe wrote a letter against Jerusalem to King Artaxerxes in this fashion:

[e]From Rehum the commander, Shimshai the scribe, and the rest of their companions—representatives of (I)the Dinaites, the Apharsathchites, the Tarpelites, the people of Persia and Erech and Babylon and [f]Shushan, the Dehavites, the Elamites, 10 (J)and the rest of the nations whom the great and noble Osnapper took captive and settled in the cities of Samaria and the remainder beyond [g]the River—(K)and[h] so forth.

11 (This is a copy of the letter that they sent him.)

To King Artaxerxes from your servants, the men of the region beyond the River, [i]and so forth:

12 Let it be known to the king that the Jews who came up from you have come to us at Jerusalem, and are building the (L)rebellious and evil city, and are finishing its (M)walls and repairing the foundations. 13 Let it now be known to the king that, if this city is built and the walls completed, they will not pay (N)tax, tribute, or custom, and the king’s treasury will be diminished. 14 Now because we receive support from the palace, it was not proper for us to see the king’s dishonor; therefore we have sent and informed the king, 15 that search may be made in the book of the records of your fathers. And you will find in the book of the records and know that this city is a rebellious city, harmful to kings and provinces, and that they have incited sedition within the city in former times, for which cause this city was destroyed.

16 We inform the king that if this city is rebuilt and its walls are completed, the result will be that you will have no dominion beyond the River.

17 The king sent an answer:

To Rehum the commander, to Shimshai the scribe, to the rest of their companions who dwell in Samaria, and to the remainder beyond the River:

Peace, [j]and so forth.

18 The letter which you sent to us has been clearly read before me. 19 And [k]I gave the command, and a search has been made, and it was found that this city in former times has revolted against kings, and rebellion and sedition have been fostered in it. 20 There have also been mighty kings over Jerusalem, who have (O)ruled over all the region (P)beyond the River; and tax, tribute, and custom were paid to them. 21 Now [l]give the command to make these men cease, that this city may not be built until the command is given by me.

22 Take heed now that you do not fail to do this. Why should damage increase to the hurt of the kings?

23 Now when the copy of King Artaxerxes’ letter was read before Rehum, Shimshai the scribe, and their companions, they went up in haste to Jerusalem against the Jews, and by force of arms made them cease. 24 Thus the work of the house of God which is at Jerusalem ceased, and it was discontinued until the second year of the reign of Darius king of Persia.

Restoration of the Temple Resumed(Q)

Then the prophet (R)Haggai and (S)Zechariah the son of Iddo, prophets, prophesied to the Jews who were in Judah and Jerusalem, in the name of the God of Israel, who was over them. So (T)Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel and Jeshua the son of [m]Jozadak rose up and began to build the house of God which is in Jerusalem; and (U)the prophets of God were with them, helping them.

At the same time (V)Tattenai the governor of the region beyond [n]the River and Shethar-Boznai and their companions came to them and spoke thus to them: (W)“Who has commanded you to build this [o]temple and finish this wall?” (X)Then, accordingly, we told them the names of the men who were constructing this building. But (Y)the eye of their God was upon the elders of the Jews, so that they could not make them cease till a report could go to Darius. Then a (Z)written answer was returned concerning this matter. This is a copy of the letter that Tattenai sent:

The governor of the region beyond the River, and Shethar-Boznai, (AA)and his companions, the Persians who were in the region beyond the River, to Darius the king.

(They sent a letter to him, in which was written thus.)

To Darius the king:

All peace.

Let it be known to the king that we went into the province of Judea, to the [p]temple of the great God, which is being built with [q]heavy stones, and timber is being laid in the walls; and this work goes on diligently and prospers in their hands.

Then we asked those elders, and spoke thus to them: (AB)“Who commanded you to build this temple and to finish these walls?” 10 We also asked them their names to inform you, that we might write the names of the men who were chief among them.

11 And thus they returned us an answer, saying: “We are the servants of the God of heaven and earth, and we are rebuilding the [r]temple that was built many years ago, which a great king of Israel built (AC)and completed. 12 But (AD)because our fathers provoked the God of heaven to wrath, He gave them into the hand of (AE)Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon, the Chaldean, who destroyed this temple and (AF)carried the people away to Babylon. 13 However, in the first year of (AG)Cyrus king of Babylon, King Cyrus issued a decree to build this [s]house of God. 14 Also, (AH)the gold and silver articles of the house of God, which Nebuchadnezzar had taken from the temple that was in Jerusalem and carried into the temple of Babylon—those King Cyrus took from the temple of Babylon, and they were given to (AI)one named Sheshbazzar, whom he had made governor. 15 And he said to him, ‘Take these articles; go, carry them to the temple site that is in Jerusalem, and let the house of God be rebuilt on its former site.’ 16 Then the same Sheshbazzar came and (AJ)laid the foundation of the house of God which is in Jerusalem; but from that time even until now it has been under construction, and (AK)it is not finished.”

17 Now therefore, if it seems good to the king, (AL)let a search be made in the king’s treasure house, which is there in Babylon, whether it is so that a decree was issued by King Cyrus to build this house of God at Jerusalem, and let the king send us his pleasure concerning this matter.

The Decree of Darius

Then King Darius issued a decree, (AM)and a search was made in the [t]archives, where the treasures were stored in Babylon. And at [u]Achmetha, in the palace that is in the province of (AN)Media, a scroll was found, and in it a record was written thus:

In the first year of King Cyrus, King Cyrus issued a (AO)decree concerning the house of God at Jerusalem: “Let the house be rebuilt, the place where they offered sacrifices; and let the foundations of it be firmly laid, its height sixty cubits and its width sixty cubits, (AP)with three rows of heavy stones and one row of new timber. Let the (AQ)expenses be paid from the king’s treasury. Also let (AR)the gold and silver articles of the house of God, which Nebuchadnezzar took from the temple which is in Jerusalem and brought to Babylon, be restored and taken back to the temple which is in Jerusalem, each to its place; and deposit them in the house of God”—

(AS)Now therefore, Tattenai, governor of the region beyond the River, and Shethar-Boznai, and your companions the Persians who are beyond the River, keep yourselves far from there. Let the work of this house of God alone; let the governor of the Jews and the elders of the Jews build this house of God on its site.

Moreover I issue a decree as to what you shall do for the elders of these Jews, for the building of this [v]house of God: Let the cost be paid at the king’s expense from taxes on the region beyond the River; this is to be given immediately to these men, so that they are not hindered. And whatever they need—young bulls, rams, and lambs for the burnt offerings of the God of heaven, wheat, salt, wine, and oil, according to the request of the priests who are in Jerusalem—let it be given them day by day without fail, 10 (AT)that they may offer sacrifices of sweet aroma to the God of heaven, and pray for the life of the king and his sons.

11 Also I issue a decree that whoever alters this edict, let a timber be pulled from his house and erected, and let him be hanged on it; (AU)and let his house be made a refuse heap because of this. 12 And may the God who causes His (AV)name to dwell there destroy any king or people who put their hand to alter it, or to destroy this [w]house of God which is in Jerusalem. I Darius issue a decree; let it be done diligently.

The Temple Completed and Dedicated

13 Then Tattenai, governor of the region beyond the River, Shethar-Boznai, and their companions diligently did according to what King Darius had sent. 14 (AW)So the elders of the Jews built, and they prospered through the prophesying of Haggai the prophet and Zechariah the son of Iddo. And they built and finished it, according to the commandment of the God of Israel, and according to the [x]command of (AX)Cyrus, (AY)Darius, and (AZ)Artaxerxes king of Persia. 15 Now the temple was finished on the third day of the month of Adar, which was in the sixth year of the reign of King Darius. 16 Then the children of Israel, the priests and the Levites and the rest of the descendants of the captivity, celebrated (BA)the dedication of this [y]house of God with joy. 17 And they (BB)offered sacrifices at the dedication of this house of God, one hundred bulls, two hundred rams, four hundred lambs, and as a sin offering for all Israel twelve male goats, according to the number of the tribes of Israel. 18 They assigned the priests to their (BC)divisions and the Levites to their (BD)divisions, over the service of God in Jerusalem, (BE)as it is written in the Book of Moses.

The Passover Celebrated(BF)

19 [z]And the descendants of the captivity kept the Passover (BG)on the fourteenth day of the first month. 20 For the priests and the Levites had (BH)purified themselves; all of them were ritually clean. And they (BI)slaughtered the Passover lambs for all the descendants of the captivity, for their brethren the priests, and for themselves. 21 Then the children of Israel who had returned from the captivity ate together with all who had separated themselves from the (BJ)filth[aa] of the nations of the land in order to seek the Lord God of Israel. 22 And they kept the (BK)Feast of Unleavened Bread seven days with joy; for the Lord made them joyful, and (BL)turned the heart (BM)of the king of Assyria toward them, to strengthen their hands in the work of the house of God, the God of Israel.


  1. Ezra 4:1 enemies
  2. Ezra 4:3 Temple
  3. Ezra 4:7 Or in peace
  4. Ezra 4:8 The original language of Ezra 4:8 through 6:18 is Aramaic.
  5. Ezra 4:9 Lit. Then
  6. Ezra 4:9 Or Susa
  7. Ezra 4:10 The Euphrates
  8. Ezra 4:10 Lit. and now
  9. Ezra 4:11 Lit. and now
  10. Ezra 4:17 Lit. and now
  11. Ezra 4:19 Lit. by me a decree has been put forth
  12. Ezra 4:21 put forth a decree
  13. Ezra 5:2 Jehozadak, 1 Chr. 6:14
  14. Ezra 5:3 The Euphrates
  15. Ezra 5:3 Lit. house
  16. Ezra 5:8 Lit. house
  17. Ezra 5:8 Lit. stones of rolling, stones too heavy to be carried
  18. Ezra 5:11 Lit. house
  19. Ezra 5:13 Temple
  20. Ezra 6:1 Lit. house of the scrolls
  21. Ezra 6:2 Probably Ecbatana, the ancient capital of Media
  22. Ezra 6:8 Temple
  23. Ezra 6:12 Temple
  24. Ezra 6:14 decree
  25. Ezra 6:16 Temple
  26. Ezra 6:19 The Hebrew language resumes in Ezra 6:19 and continues through 7:11.
  27. Ezra 6:21 uncleanness

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