The New Temple

40 In the twenty-fifth year of our exile, at the beginning of the year, on the tenth day of the month in the fourteenth year after Jerusalem had been captured,(A) on that very day the Lord’s hand was on me,(B) and he brought me there. In visions of God(C) he took me to the land of Israel and set me down on a very high mountain.(D) On its southern slope was a structure resembling a city. He brought me there, and I saw a man whose appearance was like bronze,(E) with a linen cord and a measuring rod in his hand.(F) He was standing by the city gate. He spoke to me: “Son of man, look with your eyes, listen with your ears,(G) and pay attention to everything I am going to show you, for you have been brought here so that I might show it to you. Report everything you see to the house of Israel.”(H)

The Wall and Outer Gates

Now there was a wall surrounding the outside of the temple.(I) The measuring rod in the man’s hand was six units of twenty-one inches;[a] each unit was the standard length plus three inches.[b] He measured the thickness of the wall structure; it was 10½ feet,[c] and its height was the same. Then he came to the gate that faced east and climbed its steps.(J) He measured the threshold of the gate; it was 10½ feet deep—one threshold was 10½ feet deep. Each recess was 10½ feet long and 10½ feet deep, and there was a space of 8¾ feet[d] between the recesses. The inner threshold of the gate on the temple side next to the gate’s portico was 10½ feet. Next he measured the gate’s portico; it[e] was 14 feet,[f] and its jambs were 3½ feet.[g] The gate’s portico was on the temple side.

10 There were three recesses on each side of the east gate, each with the same measurements, and the jambs on either side also had the same measurements. 11 Then he measured the width of the gate’s entrance; it was 17½ feet,[h] while the width[i] of the gate was 22¾ feet.[j] 12 There was a barrier of 21 inches[k] in front of the recesses on both sides, and the recesses on each side were 10½ feet[l] square. 13 Then he measured the gate from the roof of one recess to the roof of the opposite one; the distance was 43¾ feet.[m] The openings of the recesses faced each other. 14 Next, he measured the porch—105 feet.[n][o] 15 The distance from the front of the gate at the entrance to the front of the gate’s portico on the inside was 87½ feet.[p] 16 The recesses and their jambs had beveled windows all around the inside of the gate.(K) The porticoes also had windows all around on the inside. Each jamb was decorated with palm trees.(L)

17 Then he brought me into the outer court,(M) and there were chambers and a paved surface laid out all around the court.(N) Thirty chambers faced the pavement, 18 which flanked the courtyard’s gates and corresponded to the length of the gates; this was the lower pavement. 19 Then he measured the distance from the front of the lower gate to the exterior front of the inner court; it was 175 feet.[q] This was the east; next the north is described.

20 He measured the gate of the outer court facing north, both its length and width. 21 Its three recesses on each side, its jambs, and its portico had the same measurements as the first gate: 87½ feet long and 43¾ feet wide. 22 Its windows, portico, and palm trees had the same measurements as those of the gate that faced east. Seven steps led up to the gate, and its portico was ahead of them. 23 The inner court had a gate facing the north gate, like the one on the east. He measured the distance from gate to gate; it was 175 feet.

24 He brought me to the south side, and there was also a gate on the south. He measured its jambs and portico; they had the same measurements as the others. 25 Both the gate and its portico had windows all around, like the other windows. It was 87½ feet long and 43¾ feet wide. 26 Its stairway had seven steps, and its portico was ahead of them. It had palm trees on its jambs, one on each side. 27 The inner court had a gate on the south. He measured from gate to gate on the south; it was 175 feet.

The Inner Gates

28 Then he brought me to the inner court through the south gate. When he measured the south gate, it had the same measurements as the others. 29 Its recesses, jambs, and portico had the same measurements as the others. Both it and its portico had windows all around. It was 87½ feet long and 43¾ feet wide. 30 (There were porticoes all around, 43¾ feet long and 8¾ feet wide.[r]) 31 Its portico faced the outer court, and its jambs were decorated with palm trees. Its stairway had eight steps.

32 Then he brought me to the inner court on the east side. When he measured the gate, it had the same measurements as the others. 33 Its recesses, jambs, and portico had the same measurements as the others. Both it and its portico had windows all around. It was 87½ feet long and 43¾ feet wide. 34 Its portico faced the outer court, and its jambs were decorated with palm trees on each side. Its stairway had eight steps.

35 Then he brought me to the north gate.(O) When he measured it, it had the same measurements as the others, 36 as did its recesses, jambs, and portico. It also had windows all around. It was 87½ feet long and 43¾ feet wide. 37 Its portico[s] faced the outer court, and its jambs were decorated with palm trees on each side. Its stairway had eight steps.

Rooms for Preparing Sacrifices

38 There was a chamber whose door opened into the gate’s portico.[t] The burnt offering was to be washed there.(P) 39 Inside the gate’s portico there were two tables on each side, on which to slaughter the burnt offering, sin offering,(Q) and guilt offering.(R) 40 Outside, as one approaches the entrance of the north gate, there were two tables on one side and two more tables on the other side of the gate’s portico. 41 So there were four tables inside the gate and four outside, eight tables in all on which the slaughtering was to be done. 42 There were also four tables of cut stone for the burnt offering,(S) each 31½ inches[u] long, 31½ inches wide, and 21 inches high. The utensils used to slaughter the burnt offerings and other sacrifices were placed on them. 43 There were three-inch[v] hooks[w] fastened all around the inside of the room, and the flesh of the offering was to be laid on the tables.

Rooms for Singers and Priests

44 Outside the inner gate, within the inner court, there were chambers for the singers:[x](T) one[y] beside the north gate, facing south, and another beside the south[z] gate, facing north. 45 Then the man said to me: “This chamber that faces south is for the priests who keep charge of the temple.(U) 46 The chamber that faces north is for the priests who keep charge of the altar. These are the sons of Zadok,(V) the ones from the sons of Levi who may approach the Lord to serve him.”(W) 47 Next he measured the court. It was square, 175 feet long and 175 feet wide. The altar(X) was in front of the temple.

48 Then he brought me to the portico of the temple and measured the jambs of the portico; they were 8¾ feet thick on each side. The width of the gate was 24½ feet,[aa] and the side walls of the gate were[ab] 5¼ feet[ac] wide on each side. 49 The portico was 35 feet[ad] across and 21[ae] feet[af] deep, and 10 steps led[ag] up to it.(Y) There were pillars by the jambs, one on each side.(Z)

Inside the Temple

41 Next he brought me into the great hall and measured the jambs;(AA) on each side the width of the jamb was 10½ feet.[ah][ai] The width of the entrance was 17½ feet,[aj] and the side walls of the entrance were 8¾ feet[ak] wide on each side. He also measured the length of the great hall, 70 feet,[al] and the width, 35 feet.[am](AB) He went inside the next room and measured the jambs at the entrance;(AC) they were 3½ feet[an] wide. The entrance was 10½ feet wide, and the width of the entrance’s side walls on each side[ao] was 12¼ feet.[ap] He then measured the length of the room adjacent to the great hall, 35 feet, and the width, 35 feet.(AD) And he said to me, “This is the most holy place.”(AE)

Outside the Temple

Then he measured the wall of the temple; it was 10½ feet thick. The width of the side rooms all around the temple was 7 feet.[aq](AF) The side rooms were arranged one above another in three stories of thirty rooms each.[ar] There were ledges on the wall of the temple all around to serve as supports for the side rooms, so that the supports would not be in the temple wall itself.(AG) The side rooms surrounding the temple widened at each successive story, for the structure surrounding the temple went up by stages. This was the reason for the temple’s broadness as it rose. And so, one would go up from the lowest story to the highest by means of the middle one.[as](AH)

I saw that the temple had a raised platform surrounding it; this foundation for the side rooms was 10½ feet high.[at](AI) The thickness of the outer wall of the side rooms was 8¾ feet. The free space between the side rooms of the temple 10 and the outer chambers was 35 feet wide all around the temple.(AJ) 11 The side rooms opened into the free space, one entrance toward the north and another to the south. The area of free space was 8¾ feet wide all around.

12 Now the building that faced the temple yard toward the west was 122½ feet[au] wide. The wall of the building was 8¾ feet thick on all sides, and the building’s length was 157½ feet.[av]

13 Then the man measured the temple; it was 175 feet[aw] long.(AK) In addition, the temple yard and the building, including its walls, were 175 feet long. 14 The width of the front of the temple along with the temple yard to the east was 175 feet. 15 Next he measured the length of the building facing the temple yard to the west, with its galleries[ax] on each side;(AL) it was 175 feet.

Interior Wooden Structures

The interior of the great hall and the porticoes of the court— 16 the thresholds, the beveled windows,(AM) and the balconies all around with their three levels opposite the threshold—were overlaid with wood on all sides.(AN) They were paneled from the ground to the windows (but the windows were covered), 17 reaching to the top of the entrance, and as far as the inner temple and on the outside. On every wall all around, on the inside and outside, was a pattern 18 carved with cherubim and palm trees.(AO) There was a palm tree between each pair of cherubim.(AP) Each cherub had two faces: 19 a human face turned toward the palm tree on one side,(AQ) and a lion’s face turned toward it on the other. They were carved throughout the temple on all sides. 20 Cherubim and palm trees were carved from the ground to the top of the entrance and on the wall of the great hall.

21 The doorposts of the great hall were square,(AR) and the front of the sanctuary had the same appearance. 22 The altar was[ay] made of wood, 5¼ feet[az] high and 3½ feet long.[ba] It had corners, and its length[bb] and sides were of wood.(AS) The man told me, “This is the table that stands before the Lord.”(AT)

23 The great hall and the sanctuary each had a double door,(AU) 24 and each of the doors had two swinging panels.(AV) There were two panels for one door and two for the other. 25 Cherubim and palm trees were carved on the doors of the great hall like those carved on the walls. There was a wooden canopy[bc](AW) outside, in front of the portico. 26 There were beveled windows and palm trees on both sides,(AX) on the side walls of the portico, the side rooms of the temple, and the canopies.[bd]

Footnotes

  1. 40:5 = a long cubit
  2. 40:5 Lit six cubits by the cubit and a handbreadth
  3. 40:5 Lit was one rod, also in v. 7
  4. 40:7 Lit five cubits, also in v. 30
  5. 40:8-9 Some Hb mss, Syr, Vg; other Hb mss read gate facing the temple side; it was one rod. Then he measured the gate’s portico; it
  6. 40:9 Lit eight cubits
  7. 40:9 Lit two cubits
  8. 40:11 Lit 10 cubits
  9. 40:11 Lit length
  10. 40:11 Lit 13 cubits
  11. 40:12 Lit one cubit, also in v. 42
  12. 40:12 Lit six cubits
  13. 40:13 Lit 25 cubits, also in vv. 21,25,29,33,36
  14. 40:14 MT adds To the jamb of the court, the gate was all around; Hb obscure
  15. 40:14 Lit 60 cubits
  16. 40:15 Lit 50 cubits, also in vv. 21,25,29,33,36
  17. 40:19 Lit 100 cubits, also in vv. 23,27,47
  18. 40:30 Some Hb mss, LXX omit v. 30
  19. 40:37 LXX; MT reads jambs
  20. 40:38 Text emended; MT reads door was by the jambs, at the gates
  21. 40:42 Lit one and a half cubits
  22. 40:43 Lit one handbreadth
  23. 40:43 Or ledges
  24. 40:44 LXX reads were two chambers
  25. 40:44 LXX; MT reads singers, which was
  26. 40:44 LXX; MT reads east
  27. 40:48 Lit 14 cubits
  28. 40:48 LXX; MT omits 24½ feet, and the side walls of the gate were
  29. 40:48 Lit three cubits
  30. 40:49 Lit 20 cubits
  31. 40:49 LXX; MT reads 19¼
  32. 40:49 Lit 12 cubits
  33. 40:49 MT reads and it was on steps that they would go
  34. 41:1 LXX; MT reads jambs; they were 10½ feet wide on each side—the width of the tabernacle
  35. 41:1 Lit six cubits, also in vv. 3,5
  36. 41:2 Lit 10 cubits
  37. 41:2 Lit five cubits, also in vv. 9,11,12
  38. 41:2 Lit 40 cubits
  39. 41:2 Lit 20 cubits, also in vv. 4,10
  40. 41:3 Lit two cubits, also in v. 22
  41. 41:3 LXX; MT reads width of the entrance
  42. 41:3 Lit seven cubits
  43. 41:5 Lit four cubits
  44. 41:6 Lit another three and thirty times
  45. 41:7 Hb obscure
  46. 41:8 Lit a full rod of six cubits of a joint; Hb obscure
  47. 41:12 Lit 70 cubits
  48. 41:12 Lit 90 cubits
  49. 41:13 Lit 100 cubits
  50. 41:15 Or ledges
  51. 41:21-22 Or and in front of the sanctuary was something that looked like 22 an altar
  52. 41:22 Lit three cubits
  53. 41:22 LXX reads long and 3½ feet wide
  54. 41:22 LXX reads base
  55. 41:25 Hb obscure
  56. 41:26 Hb obscure

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