Add parallel Print Page Options

The Lofty Cedar

31 In the eleventh year, in the third month, on the first day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me: Mortal, say to Pharaoh king of Egypt and to his hordes:

Whom are you like in your greatness?
    Consider Assyria, a cedar of Lebanon,
with fair branches and forest shade,
    and of great height,
    its top among the clouds.[a]
The waters nourished it,
    the deep made it grow tall,
making its rivers flow[b]
    around the place it was planted,
sending forth its streams
    to all the trees of the field.
So it towered high
    above all the trees of the field;
its boughs grew large
    and its branches long,
    from abundant water in its shoots.
All the birds of the air
    made their nests in its boughs;
under its branches all the animals of the field
    gave birth to their young;
and in its shade
    all great nations lived.
It was beautiful in its greatness,
    in the length of its branches;
for its roots went down
    to abundant water.
The cedars in the garden of God could not rival it,
    nor the fir trees equal its boughs;
the plane trees were as nothing
    compared with its branches;
no tree in the garden of God
    was like it in beauty.
I made it beautiful
    with its mass of branches,
the envy of all the trees of Eden
    that were in the garden of God.

10 Therefore thus says the Lord God: Because it[c] towered high and set its top among the clouds,[d] and its heart was proud of its height, 11 I gave it into the hand of the prince of the nations; he has dealt with it as its wickedness deserves. I have cast it out. 12 Foreigners from the most terrible of the nations have cut it down and left it. On the mountains and in all the valleys its branches have fallen, and its boughs lie broken in all the watercourses of the land; and all the peoples of the earth went away from its shade and left it.

13 On its fallen trunk settle
    all the birds of the air,
and among its boughs lodge
    all the wild animals.

14 All this is in order that no trees by the waters may grow to lofty height or set their tops among the clouds,[e] and that no trees that drink water may reach up to them in height.

For all of them are handed over to death,
    to the world below;
along with all mortals,
    with those who go down to the Pit.

15 Thus says the Lord God: On the day it went down to Sheol I closed the deep over it and covered it; I restrained its rivers, and its mighty waters were checked. I clothed Lebanon in gloom for it, and all the trees of the field fainted because of it. 16 I made the nations quake at the sound of its fall, when I cast it down to Sheol with those who go down to the Pit; and all the trees of Eden, the choice and best of Lebanon, all that were well watered, were consoled in the world below. 17 They also went down to Sheol with it, to those killed by the sword, along with its allies,[f] those who lived in its shade among the nations.

18 Which among the trees of Eden was like you in glory and in greatness? Now you shall be brought down with the trees of Eden to the world below; you shall lie among the uncircumcised, with those who are killed by the sword. This is Pharaoh and all his horde, says the Lord God.

Lamentation over Pharaoh and Egypt

32 In the twelfth year, in the twelfth month, on the first day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me: Mortal, raise a lamentation over Pharaoh king of Egypt, and say to him:

You consider yourself a lion among the nations,
    but you are like a dragon in the seas;
you thrash about in your streams,
    trouble the water with your feet,
    and foul your[g] streams.
Thus says the Lord God:
    In an assembly of many peoples
    I will throw my net over you;
    and I[h] will haul you up in my dragnet.
I will throw you on the ground,
    on the open field I will fling you,
and will cause all the birds of the air to settle on you,
    and I will let the wild animals of the whole earth gorge themselves with you.
I will strew your flesh on the mountains,
    and fill the valleys with your carcass.[i]
I will drench the land with your flowing blood
    up to the mountains,
    and the watercourses will be filled with you.
When I blot you out, I will cover the heavens,
    and make their stars dark;
I will cover the sun with a cloud,
    and the moon shall not give its light.
All the shining lights of the heavens
    I will darken above you,
    and put darkness on your land,
says the Lord God.
I will trouble the hearts of many peoples,
    as I carry you captive[j] among the nations,
    into countries you have not known.
10 I will make many peoples appalled at you;
    their kings shall shudder because of you.
When I brandish my sword before them,
    they shall tremble every moment
for their lives, each one of them,
    on the day of your downfall.
11 For thus says the Lord God:
The sword of the king of Babylon shall come against you.
12 I will cause your hordes to fall
    by the swords of mighty ones,
    all of them most terrible among the nations.
They shall bring to ruin the pride of Egypt,
    and all its hordes shall perish.
13 I will destroy all its livestock
    from beside abundant waters;
and no human foot shall trouble them any more,
    nor shall the hoofs of cattle trouble them.
14 Then I will make their waters clear,
    and cause their streams to run like oil, says the Lord God.
15 When I make the land of Egypt desolate
    and when the land is stripped of all that fills it,
when I strike down all who live in it,
    then they shall know that I am the Lord.
16 This is a lamentation; it shall be chanted.
    The women of the nations shall chant it.
Over Egypt and all its hordes they shall chant it,
    says the Lord God.

Dirge over Egypt

17 In the twelfth year, in the first month,[k] on the fifteenth day of the month, the word of the Lord came to me:

18 Mortal, wail over the hordes of Egypt,
    and send them down,
with Egypt[l] and the daughters of majestic nations,
    to the world below,
    with those who go down to the Pit.
19 “Whom do you surpass in beauty?
    Go down! Be laid to rest with the uncircumcised!”

20 They shall fall among those who are killed by the sword. Egypt[m] has been handed over to the sword; carry away both it and its hordes. 21 The mighty chiefs shall speak of them, with their helpers, out of the midst of Sheol: “They have come down, they lie still, the uncircumcised, killed by the sword.”

22 Assyria is there, and all its company, their graves all around it, all of them killed, fallen by the sword. 23 Their graves are set in the uttermost parts of the Pit. Its company is all around its grave, all of them killed, fallen by the sword, who spread terror in the land of the living.

24 Elam is there, and all its hordes around its grave; all of them killed, fallen by the sword, who went down uncircumcised into the world below, who spread terror in the land of the living. They bear their shame with those who go down to the Pit. 25 They have made Elam[n] a bed among the slain with all its hordes, their graves all around it, all of them uncircumcised, killed by the sword; for terror of them was spread in the land of the living, and they bear their shame with those who go down to the Pit; they are placed among the slain.

26 Meshech and Tubal are there, and all their multitude, their graves all around them, all of them uncircumcised, killed by the sword; for they spread terror in the land of the living. 27 And they do not lie with the fallen warriors of long ago[o] who went down to Sheol with their weapons of war, whose swords were laid under their heads, and whose shields[p] are upon their bones; for the terror of the warriors was in the land of the living. 28 So you shall be broken and lie among the uncircumcised, with those who are killed by the sword.

29 Edom is there, its kings and all its princes, who for all their might are laid with those who are killed by the sword; they lie with the uncircumcised, with those who go down to the Pit.

30 The princes of the north are there, all of them, and all the Sidonians, who have gone down in shame with the slain, for all the terror that they caused by their might; they lie uncircumcised with those who are killed by the sword, and bear their shame with those who go down to the Pit.

31 When Pharaoh sees them, he will be consoled for all his hordes—Pharaoh and all his army, killed by the sword, says the Lord God. 32 For he[q] spread terror in the land of the living; therefore he shall be laid to rest among the uncircumcised, with those who are slain by the sword—Pharaoh and all his multitude, says the Lord God.


  1. Ezekiel 31:3 Gk: Heb thick boughs
  2. Ezekiel 31:4 Gk: Heb rivers going
  3. Ezekiel 31:10 Syr Vg: Heb you
  4. Ezekiel 31:10 Gk: Heb thick boughs
  5. Ezekiel 31:14 Gk: Heb thick boughs
  6. Ezekiel 31:17 Heb its arms
  7. Ezekiel 32:2 Heb their
  8. Ezekiel 32:3 Gk Vg: Heb they
  9. Ezekiel 32:5 Symmachus Syr Vg: Heb your height
  10. Ezekiel 32:9 Gk: Heb bring your destruction
  11. Ezekiel 32:17 Gk: Heb lacks in the first month
  12. Ezekiel 32:18 Heb it
  13. Ezekiel 32:20 Heb It
  14. Ezekiel 32:25 Heb it
  15. Ezekiel 32:27 Gk Old Latin: Heb of the uncircumcised
  16. Ezekiel 32:27 Cn: Heb iniquities
  17. Ezekiel 32:32 Cn: Heb I

16 Now I was the last to keep vigil;
    I was like a gleaner following the grape-pickers;
17 by the blessing of the Lord I arrived first,
    and like a grape-picker I filled my wine press.
18 Consider that I have not labored for myself alone,
    but for all who seek instruction.
19 Hear me, you who are great among the people,
    and you leaders of the congregation, pay heed!

The Advantage of Independence

20 To son or wife, to brother or friend,
    do not give power over yourself, as long as you live;
and do not give your property to another,
    in case you change your mind and must ask for it.
21 While you are still alive and have breath in you,
    do not let anyone take your place.
22 For it is better that your children should ask from you
    than that you should look to the hand of your children.
23 Excel in all that you do;
    bring no stain upon your honor.
24 At the time when you end the days of your life,
    in the hour of death, distribute your inheritance.

The Treatment of Slaves

25 Fodder and a stick and burdens for a donkey;
    bread and discipline and work for a slave.
26 Set your slave to work, and you will find rest;
    leave his hands idle, and he will seek liberty.
27 Yoke and thong will bow the neck,
    and for a wicked slave there are racks and tortures.
28 Put him to work, in order that he may not be idle,
29     for idleness teaches much evil.
30 Set him to work, as is fitting for him,
    and if he does not obey, make his fetters heavy.
Do not be overbearing toward anyone,
    and do nothing unjust.

31 If you have but one slave, treat him like yourself,
    because you have bought him with blood.
If you have but one slave, treat him like a brother,
    for you will need him as you need your life.
32 If you ill-treat him, and he leaves you and runs away,
33     which way will you go to seek him?

Read full chapter

Introduction and Salutation

The revelation of Jesus Christ, which God gave him to show his servants[a] what must soon take place; he made[b] it known by sending his angel to his servant[c] John, who testified to the word of God and to the testimony of Jesus Christ, even to all that he saw.

Blessed is the one who reads aloud the words of the prophecy, and blessed are those who hear and who keep what is written in it; for the time is near.

John to the seven churches that are in Asia:

Grace to you and peace from him who is and who was and who is to come, and from the seven spirits who are before his throne, and from Jesus Christ, the faithful witness, the firstborn of the dead, and the ruler of the kings of the earth.

To him who loves us and freed[d] us from our sins by his blood, and made[e] us to be a kingdom, priests serving[f] his God and Father, to him be glory and dominion forever and ever. Amen.

Look! He is coming with the clouds;
    every eye will see him,
even those who pierced him;
    and on his account all the tribes of the earth will wail.

So it is to be. Amen.

“I am the Alpha and the Omega,” says the Lord God, who is and who was and who is to come, the Almighty.

A Vision of Christ

I, John, your brother who share with you in Jesus the persecution and the kingdom and the patient endurance, was on the island called Patmos because of the word of God and the testimony of Jesus.[g] 10 I was in the spirit[h] on the Lord’s day, and I heard behind me a loud voice like a trumpet 11 saying, “Write in a book what you see and send it to the seven churches, to Ephesus, to Smyrna, to Pergamum, to Thyatira, to Sardis, to Philadelphia, and to Laodicea.”

12 Then I turned to see whose voice it was that spoke to me, and on turning I saw seven golden lampstands, 13 and in the midst of the lampstands I saw one like the Son of Man, clothed with a long robe and with a golden sash across his chest. 14 His head and his hair were white as white wool, white as snow; his eyes were like a flame of fire, 15 his feet were like burnished bronze, refined as in a furnace, and his voice was like the sound of many waters. 16 In his right hand he held seven stars, and from his mouth came a sharp, two-edged sword, and his face was like the sun shining with full force.

17 When I saw him, I fell at his feet as though dead. But he placed his right hand on me, saying, “Do not be afraid; I am the first and the last, 18 and the living one. I was dead, and see, I am alive forever and ever; and I have the keys of Death and of Hades. 19 Now write what you have seen, what is, and what is to take place after this. 20 As for the mystery of the seven stars that you saw in my right hand, and the seven golden lampstands: the seven stars are the angels of the seven churches, and the seven lampstands are the seven churches.


  1. Revelation 1:1 Gk slaves
  2. Revelation 1:1 Gk and he made
  3. Revelation 1:1 Gk slave
  4. Revelation 1:5 Other ancient authorities read washed
  5. Revelation 1:6 Gk and he made
  6. Revelation 1:6 Gk priests to
  7. Revelation 1:9 Or testimony to Jesus
  8. Revelation 1:10 Or in the Spirit

Bible Gateway Recommends