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Lamentation over Tyre

27 The word of the Lord came to me: Now you, mortal, raise a lamentation over Tyre,(A) and say to Tyre, which sits at the entrance to the sea, merchant of the peoples on many coastlands: Thus says the Lord God:

O Tyre, you have said,
    “I am perfect in beauty.”(B)
Your borders are in the heart of the seas;
    your builders made perfect your beauty.(C)
They made all your planks
    of fir trees from Senir;
they took a cedar from Lebanon
    to make a mast for you.(D)
From oaks of Bashan
    they made your oars;
they made your deck of pines[a]
    from the coasts of Cyprus,
    inlaid with ivory.(E)
Of fine embroidered linen from Egypt
    was your sail,
    serving as your ensign;
blue and purple from the coasts of Elishah
    was your awning.
The inhabitants of Sidon and Arvad
    were your rowers;
skilled men of Zemer[b] were within you;
    they were your pilots.(F)
The elders of Gebal and its artisans were within you,
    caulking your seams;
all the ships of the sea with their sailors were within you,
    to barter for your wares.(G)
10 Paras[c] and Lud and Put
    were in your army,
    your mighty warriors;
they hung shield and helmet in you;
    they gave you splendor.(H)
11 Men of Arvad and Helech[d]
    were on your walls all around;
    men of Gamad were at your towers.
They hung their quivers all around your walls;
    they made perfect your beauty.(I)

12 Tarshish did business with you out of the abundance of your great wealth; silver, iron, tin, and lead they exchanged for your wares.(J) 13 Javan, Tubal, and Meshech traded with you; they exchanged human beings and vessels of bronze for your merchandise.(K) 14 Beth-togarmah exchanged for your wares horses, war horses, and mules.(L) 15 The Rhodians[e] traded with you; many coastlands were your own special markets; they brought you in payment ivory tusks and ebony.(M) 16 Edom[f] did business with you because of your abundant goods; they exchanged for your wares turquoise, purple, embroidered work, fine linen, coral, and rubies.(N) 17 Judah and the land of Israel traded with you; they exchanged for your merchandise wheat from Minnith, millet,[g] honey, oil, and balm.(O) 18 Damascus traded with you for your abundant goods—because of your great wealth of every kind—wine of Helbon and wool of Zahar.(P) 19 Vedan and Javan from Uzal[h] entered into trade for your wares; wrought iron, cassia, and sweet cane were bartered for your merchandise. 20 Dedan traded with you in saddlecloths for riding. 21 Arabia and all the princes of Kedar were your favored dealers in lambs, rams, and goats; in these they did business with you.(Q) 22 The merchants of Sheba and Raamah traded with you; they exchanged for your wares the best of all kinds of spices and all precious stones and gold.(R) 23 Haran, Canneh, Eden, the merchants of Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad traded with you.(S) 24 These traded with you in choice garments, in clothes of blue and embroidered work, and in carpets of colored material, bound with cords and made secure; in these they traded with you.[i] 25 The ships of Tarshish traveled for you in your trade.

So you were filled and heavily laden
    in the heart of the seas.(T)
26 Your rowers have brought you
    into the high seas.
The east wind has wrecked you
    in the heart of the seas.(U)
27 Your riches, your wares, your merchandise,
    your sailors and your pilots,
your caulkers, your dealers in merchandise,
    and all your warriors within you,
with all the company
    that is with you,
sink into the heart of the seas
    on the day of your ruin.(V)
28 At the sound of the cry of your pilots
    the pasturelands shake,(W)
29 and down from their ships
    come all who handle the oar.
The sailors and all the pilots of the sea
    stand on the shore(X)
30 and wail aloud over you
    and cry bitterly.
They throw dust on their heads
    and wallow in ashes;(Y)
31 they make themselves bald for you
    and put on sackcloth,
and they weep over you in bitterness of soul,
    with bitter mourning.(Z)
32 In their wailing they raise a lamentation for you
    and lament over you:
“Who was ever destroyed[j] like Tyre
    in the midst of the sea?(AA)
33 When your wares came from the seas,
    you satisfied many peoples;
with your abundant wealth and merchandise
    you enriched the kings of the earth.(AB)
34 Now you are wrecked by the seas,
    in the depths of the waters;
your merchandise and all your crew
    have sunk with you.(AC)
35 All the inhabitants of the coastlands
    are appalled at you,
and their kings are horribly afraid;
    their faces are convulsed.(AD)
36 The merchants among the peoples hiss at you;
    you have come to a dreadful end
    and shall be no more forever.”(AE)

Proclamation against the King of Tyre

28 The word of the Lord came to me: Mortal, say to the prince of Tyre: Thus says the Lord God:

Because your heart is proud
    and you have said, “I am a god;
I sit in the seat of the gods,
    in the heart of the seas,”
yet you are but a mortal and no god,
    though you compare your mind
    with the mind of a god.(AF)
You are indeed wiser than Daniel;[k]
    no secret is hidden from you;(AG)
by your wisdom and your understanding
    you have amassed wealth for yourself
and have gathered gold and silver
    into your treasuries.(AH)
By your great wisdom in trade
    you have increased your wealth,
    and your heart has become proud in your wealth.(AI)
Therefore thus says the Lord God:
Because you compare your mind
    with the mind of a god,(AJ)
therefore, I will bring strangers against you,
    the most terrible of the nations;
they shall draw their swords against the beauty of your wisdom
    and defile your splendor.(AK)
They shall thrust you down to the Pit,
    and you shall die a violent death
    in the heart of the seas.(AL)
Will you still say, “I am a god,”
    in the presence of those who kill you,
though you are but a mortal and no god,
    in the hands of those who pierce you?
10 You shall die the death of the uncircumcised
    by the hand of foreigners,
    for I have spoken, says the Lord God.(AM)

Lamentation over the King of Tyre

11 Moreover the word of the Lord came to me: 12 Mortal, raise a lamentation over the king of Tyre, and say to him: Thus says the Lord God:

You were the signet of perfection,[l]
    full of wisdom and perfect in beauty.(AN)
13 You were in Eden, the garden of God;
    every precious stone was your covering,
carnelian, chrysolite, and moonstone,
    beryl, onyx, and jasper,
sapphire,[m] turquoise, and emerald;
    and worked in gold were your settings
    and your engravings.[n]
On the day that you were created
    they were prepared.(AO)
14 You were a cherub;[o]
    I placed you on the holy mountain of God;
    you walked among the stones of fire.(AP)
15 You were blameless in your ways
    from the day that you were created,
    until iniquity was found in you.(AQ)
16 In the abundance of your trade
    you were filled with violence, and you sinned,
so I cast you as a profane thing from the mountain of God,
    and I drove you out, O guardian cherub,
    from among the stones of fire.(AR)
17 Your heart was proud because of your beauty;
    you corrupted your wisdom for the sake of your splendor.
I cast you to the ground;
    I exposed you before kings,
    to feast their eyes on you.(AS)
18 By the multitude of your iniquities,
    in the unrighteousness of your trade,
    you profaned your sanctuaries.
So I brought out fire from within you;
    it consumed you,
and I turned you to ashes on the earth
    in the sight of all who saw you.(AT)
19 All who know you among the peoples
    are appalled at you;
you have come to a dreadful end
    and shall be no more forever.(AU)

Proclamation against Sidon

20 The word of the Lord came to me: 21 Mortal, set your face toward Sidon, and prophesy against it,(AV) 22 and say: Thus says the Lord God:

I am against you, O Sidon,
    and I will gain glory in your midst.
They shall know that I am the Lord
    when I execute judgments in it
    and manifest my holiness in it;(AW)
23 for I will send pestilence into it,
    and bloodshed into its streets;
and the dead shall fall in its midst,
    by the sword that is against it on every side.
And they shall know that I am the Lord.(AX)

24 The house of Israel shall no longer find a pricking brier or a piercing thorn among all their neighbors who have treated them with contempt. And they shall know that I am the Lord God.(AY)

Future Blessing for Israel

25 Thus says the Lord God: When I gather the house of Israel from the peoples among whom they are scattered and manifest my holiness in them in the sight of the nations, then they shall settle on their own soil that I gave to my servant Jacob.(AZ) 26 They shall live in safety in it and shall build houses and plant vineyards. They shall live in safety when I execute judgments upon all their neighbors who have treated them with contempt. And they shall know that I am the Lord their God.(BA)


  1. 27.6 Or boxwood
  2. 27.8 Cn: Heb your skilled men, O Tyre
  3. 27.10 Or Persia
  4. 27.11 Or and your army
  5. 27.15 Gk: Heb The Dedanites
  6. 27.16 Heb mss Syr Aquila: MT Aram
  7. 27.17 Meaning of Heb uncertain
  8. 27.19 Meaning of Heb uncertain
  9. 27.24 Cn: Heb in your market
  10. 27.32 Tg Vg: Heb silenced
  11. 28.3 Or Danel
  12. 28.12 Meaning of Heb uncertain
  13. 28.13 Or lapis lazuli
  14. 28.13 Meaning of Heb uncertain
  15. 28.14 Gk: Heb adds anointed guardian