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A Message Condemning Tyre

27 This message came to me from the Lord: “Son of Man, compose a mourning song for Tyre. Tell Tyre, who lives at the gateway to the Mediterranean[a] Sea, who serves as the international merchant to many coastal districts: ‘This is what the Lord God says:

“Tyre, you’ve been claiming,
    “I am beauty perfected.’
You’ve set your national boundary in international waters.
    Your builders made you downright beautiful!”’”[b]

Tyre’s Luxurious Sailing Vessels

‘They brought in a ship
    made with pine planking from Senir,
configured with a mast carved from a cedar from Lebanon,
equipped with oars
    made from oaks from Bashan,
with ivory-inlaid cypress wood[c] decking
    imported from the coastlands of Cypress,
with sails made with embroidered Egyptian linen,
    festooned with blue banners,
and with your sun shades made
    with purple cloth from Cypress.
Your sailors were conscripted
    from Sidon and Arvad,
and your officers served aboard
    as pilots.
The wise men and elders from Gebal accompanied you,
    serving as ship’s carpenters.
All the maritime navies and their seaman also accompanied you
    to assist you in doing business internationally.”

Tyre’s International Makeup

10 “Soldiers from Persia,[d] Lud,[e] and Libya,[f]
    served in your army.
        They were your mighty soldiers.
Their helmets and shields adorned your barracks walls,
    and they won battle decorations for you.
11 Mercenaries from Arvad and Helech
    stood guard duty on your walls,
        while brave men manned your towers.
They hung their shields all around your walls—
    just the right touch to perfect your interior decorating!”[g]

Tyre’s Trading Partners

12 ‘Tarshish was your business partner because of your phenomenal wealth. They traded silver, iron, tin, and lead for your merchandise. 13 Greece, Tubal,[h] and Meshech[i] bartered with you, exchanging slaves and bronze vessels for your wares. 14 Beth-togarmah traded horses, war horses, and mules in exchange for what you had to sell. 15 Men from the low country south of Edom[j] and many of the coastlands were your markets for ivory tusks and ebony that they brought to trade with you.

16 “Aram was one of your customers because you had so much merchandise. They paid by trading turquoise, purple yarn, embroidered goods, Egyptian linen,[k] coral, and rubies. 17 The territories of Judah and Israel were your clients, too. They traded wheat from their distribution centers,[l] baked goods, honey, oil, and ointments for your merchandise.

18 “Because you have so much to sell and are so rich, Damascus has been your trading partner, exchanging wine from Helbon, unbleached wool, 19 and casks of wine from Izal[m] for your wrought iron, cassia wood, and aromatic reeds.

20 “Dedan traded with you, exchanging riding blankets. 21 Arabia, including all the princes of Kedar, came to you, shopping for lambs, rams, and goats. 22 Traders from Sheba and Raamah paid for the best of what you had to offer with all types of spices, precious stones, and gold. 23 Haran, Canneh, Eden,[n] merchants from Sheba, Asshur, and Chilmad did business with you, 24 trading garments made into the finest blue and embroidered mantels, and also multi-colored carpets, ropes, and other merchandise. 25 Ocean-going fleets[o] carried your merchandise.”

Tyre’s Coming Storm

“How filled you were!
    How glorious you were,
        at home in the heart of the sea!
26 But your rowers have brought you
    into dangerous waters.
The east wind has broken you
    in the heart of the ocean!
27 Your wealth, your products, your merchandise
    your sailors, your pilots,
your tailors, your salesmen,
    all your mercenaries with you—
your entire company with you—
    will fall into the midst of the sea
        on the day when you’re overthrown!
28 When your ships’ captains cry out,
    the pasturelands along the coast will cry out!
29 Everyone who handles an oar will abandon ship,
    they’ll head straight for dry land,
30 and they will cry so loud
    you won’t be able to make yourself heard!
        How bitterly they’ll cry!
They’ll throw dust on their heads
    and wallow in ashes.
31 They’ll shave their heads bald because of you.
    They’ll dress themselves in sackcloth
and weep for you with deep bitterness of heart,
    with the most pitiful of mourning.
32 In the depth of their despair
    they’ll compose a lament for you.
This is what they’ll say:

‘Who is like Tyre?
    Who is so silent in the midst of the sea?’
33 Your merchandise went out over the oceans
    to satisfy many nations;
with the abundance of your wealth
    you enriched the kings of the earth.
34 “But now it’s your time to be wrecked
    at the bottom of the sea!
Your products and your workers have sunk,
    and so have you!
35 Everyone who lives by the sea
    is appalled at your destruction.
Their leaders are terrified—
    their faces reflect their fears!
36 Traders circulate among the people, hissing at you.
    What a horror you’ve become!
Now you will cease to exist
    forever and ever!”


  1. Ezekiel 27:3 The Heb. lacks Mediterranean
  2. Ezekiel 27:4 Or you perfectly beautiful
  3. Ezekiel 27:6 Lit. daughter of Assyria
  4. Ezekiel 27:10 I.e. modern Iran
  5. Ezekiel 27:10 I.e., fourth son of Shem, progenitor of the Lydians. The Heb. name Lud means strife.
  6. Ezekiel 27:10 Lit. Put; i.e. the third son of Ham (cf. Gen 10:6); the Heb. name means bow
  7. Ezekiel 27:11 Lit. your beauty
  8. Ezekiel 27:13 I.e. a son of Noah’s son Japheth; this people resided in what is now modern eastern Turkey
  9. Ezekiel 27:13 I.e. a son of Noah’s son Japheth; this people resided in what is now modern Armenia
  10. Ezekiel 27:15 Lit. The descendants of Dedan; i.e., a son of Cush (cf. Gen 10:7) or a grandson of Abraham through Keturah (Gen 25:3)
  11. Ezekiel 27:16 Lit. byssus; i.e. a white cotton cloth
  12. Ezekiel 27:17 Lit. from Minnith; perhaps a site in Ammon, east of the Jordan River
  13. Ezekiel 27:19 Or Uzal, i.e., a city located in a wine growing region between Haran and the Tigris River
  14. Ezekiel 27:23 These cities are thought to have been located in ancient Mesopotamia
  15. Ezekiel 27:25 Lit. Ships of Tarshish; i.e., a class of vessel capable of travelling the oceans

A Lament Over Tyre

27 The word of the Lord came to me: “Son of man, take up a lament(A) concerning Tyre. Say to Tyre,(B) situated at the gateway to the sea,(C) merchant of peoples on many coasts, ‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says:

“‘You say, Tyre,
    “I am perfect in beauty.(D)
Your domain was on the high seas;
    your builders brought your beauty to perfection.(E)
They made all your timbers
    of juniper from Senir[a];(F)
they took a cedar from Lebanon(G)
    to make a mast for you.
Of oaks(H) from Bashan
    they made your oars;
of cypress wood[b] from the coasts of Cyprus(I)
    they made your deck, adorned with ivory.
Fine embroidered linen(J) from Egypt was your sail
    and served as your banner;
your awnings were of blue and purple(K)
    from the coasts of Elishah.(L)
Men of Sidon and Arvad(M) were your oarsmen;
    your skilled men, Tyre, were aboard as your sailors.(N)
Veteran craftsmen of Byblos(O) were on board
    as shipwrights to caulk your seams.
All the ships of the sea(P) and their sailors
    came alongside to trade for your wares.

10 “‘Men of Persia,(Q) Lydia(R) and Put(S)
    served as soldiers in your army.
They hung their shields(T) and helmets on your walls,
    bringing you splendor.
11 Men of Arvad and Helek
    guarded your walls on every side;
men of Gammad
    were in your towers.
They hung their shields around your walls;
    they brought your beauty to perfection.(U)

12 “‘Tarshish(V) did business with you because of your great wealth of goods;(W) they exchanged silver, iron, tin and lead for your merchandise.

13 “‘Greece,(X) Tubal and Meshek(Y) did business with you; they traded human beings(Z) and articles of bronze for your wares.

14 “‘Men of Beth Togarmah(AA) exchanged chariot horses, cavalry horses and mules for your merchandise.

15 “‘The men of Rhodes[c](AB) traded with you, and many coastlands(AC) were your customers; they paid you with ivory(AD) tusks and ebony.

16 “‘Aram[d](AE) did business with you because of your many products; they exchanged turquoise,(AF) purple fabric, embroidered work, fine linen,(AG) coral(AH) and rubies for your merchandise.

17 “‘Judah and Israel traded with you; they exchanged wheat(AI) from Minnith(AJ) and confections,[e] honey, olive oil and balm(AK) for your wares.(AL)

18 “‘Damascus(AM) did business with you because of your many products and great wealth of goods.(AN) They offered wine from Helbon, wool from Zahar 19 and casks of wine from Izal(AO) in exchange for your wares: wrought iron, cassia(AP) and calamus.

20 “‘Dedan(AQ) traded in saddle blankets with you.

21 “‘Arabia(AR) and all the princes of Kedar(AS) were your customers; they did business with you in lambs, rams and goats.

22 “‘The merchants of Sheba(AT) and Raamah traded with you; for your merchandise they exchanged the finest of all kinds of spices(AU) and precious stones, and gold.(AV)

23 “‘Harran,(AW) Kanneh and Eden(AX) and merchants of Sheba, Ashur(AY) and Kilmad traded with you. 24 In your marketplace they traded with you beautiful garments, blue fabric, embroidered work and multicolored rugs with cords twisted and tightly knotted.

25 “‘The ships of Tarshish(AZ) serve
    as carriers for your wares.
You are filled with heavy cargo
    as you sail the sea.(BA)
26 Your oarsmen take you
    out to the high seas.
But the east wind(BB) will break you to pieces
    far out at sea.
27 Your wealth,(BC) merchandise and wares,
    your mariners, sailors and shipwrights,
your merchants and all your soldiers,
    and everyone else on board
will sink into the heart of the sea(BD)
    on the day of your shipwreck.
28 The shorelands will quake(BE)
    when your sailors cry out.
29 All who handle the oars
    will abandon their ships;
the mariners and all the sailors
    will stand on the shore.
30 They will raise their voice
    and cry bitterly over you;
they will sprinkle dust(BF) on their heads
    and roll(BG) in ashes.(BH)
31 They will shave their heads(BI) because of you
    and will put on sackcloth.
They will weep(BJ) over you with anguish of soul
    and with bitter mourning.(BK)
32 As they wail and mourn over you,
    they will take up a lament(BL) concerning you:
“Who was ever silenced like Tyre,
    surrounded by the sea?(BM)
33 When your merchandise went out on the seas,(BN)
    you satisfied many nations;
with your great wealth(BO) and your wares
    you enriched the kings of the earth.
34 Now you are shattered by the sea
    in the depths of the waters;
your wares and all your company
    have gone down with you.(BP)
35 All who live in the coastlands(BQ)
    are appalled(BR) at you;
their kings shudder with horror
    and their faces are distorted with fear.(BS)
36 The merchants among the nations scoff at you;(BT)
    you have come to a horrible end
    and will be no more.(BU)’”


  1. Ezekiel 27:5 That is, Mount Hermon
  2. Ezekiel 27:6 Targum; the Masoretic Text has a different division of the consonants.
  3. Ezekiel 27:15 Septuagint; Hebrew Dedan
  4. Ezekiel 27:16 Most Hebrew manuscripts; some Hebrew manuscripts and Syriac Edom
  5. Ezekiel 27:17 The meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain.

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