Proclamation Against Ammon

25 The word of the Lord came to me, saying, “Son of man, (A)set your face (B)against the Ammonites, and prophesy against them. Say to the Ammonites, ‘Hear the word of the Lord God! Thus says the Lord God: (C)“Because you said, ‘Aha!’ against My sanctuary when it was profaned, and against the land of Israel when it was desolate, and against the house of Judah when they went into captivity, indeed, therefore, I will deliver you as a possession to the [a]men of the East, and they shall set their encampments among you and make their dwellings among you; they shall eat your fruit, and they shall drink your milk. And I will make (D)Rabbah (E)a stable for camels and Ammon a resting place for flocks. (F)Then you shall know that I am the Lord.”

‘For thus says the Lord God: “Because you (G)clapped your hands, stamped your feet, and (H)rejoiced in heart with all your disdain for the land of Israel, indeed, therefore, I will (I)stretch out My hand against you, and give you as plunder to the nations; I will cut you off from the peoples, and I will cause you to perish from the countries; I will destroy you, and you shall know that I am the Lord.”

Proclamation Against Moab

‘Thus says the Lord God: “Because (J)Moab and (K)Seir say, ‘Look! The house of Judah is like all the nations,’ therefore, behold, I will clear the territory of Moab of cities, of the cities on its frontier, the glory of the country, Beth Jeshimoth, Baal Meon, and (L)Kirjathaim. 10 (M)To the men of the East I will give it as a possession, together with the Ammonites, that the Ammonites (N)may not be remembered among the nations. 11 And I will execute judgments upon Moab, and they shall know that I am the Lord.”

Proclamation Against Edom

12 ‘Thus says the Lord God: (O)“Because of what Edom did against the house of Judah by taking vengeance, and has greatly offended by avenging itself on them,” 13 therefore thus says the Lord God: “I will also stretch out My hand against Edom, cut off man and beast from it, and make it desolate from Teman; [b]Dedan shall fall by the sword. 14 (P)I will lay My vengeance on Edom by the hand of My people Israel, that they may do in Edom according to My anger and according to My fury; and they shall know My vengeance,” says the Lord God.

Proclamation Against Philistia

15 ‘Thus says the Lord God: (Q)“Because (R)the Philistines dealt vengefully and took vengeance with [c]a spiteful heart, to destroy because of the [d]old hatred,” 16 therefore thus says the Lord God: (S)“I will stretch out My hand against the Philistines, and I will cut off the (T)Cherethites (U)and destroy the remnant of the seacoast. 17 I will (V)execute great vengeance on them with furious rebukes; (W)and they shall know that I am the Lord, when I lay My vengeance upon them.” ’ ”

Proclamation Against Tyre

26 And it came to pass in the eleventh year, on the first day of the month, that the word of the Lord came to me, saying, “Son of man, (X)because Tyre has said against Jerusalem, (Y)‘Aha! She is broken who was the gateway of the peoples; now she is turned over to me; I shall be filled; she is laid waste.’

“Therefore thus says the Lord God: ‘Behold, I am against you, O Tyre, and will cause many nations to come up against you, as the sea causes its waves to come up. And they shall destroy the walls of Tyre and break down her towers; I will also scrape her dust from her, and (Z)make her like the top of a rock. It shall be a place for spreading nets (AA)in the midst of the sea, for I have spoken,’ says the Lord God; ‘it shall become plunder for the nations. Also her daughter villages which are in the fields shall be slain by the sword. (AB)Then they shall know that I am the Lord.’

“For thus says the Lord God: ‘Behold, I will bring against Tyre from the north (AC)Nebuchadnezzar[e] king of Babylon, (AD)king of kings, with horses, with chariots, and with horsemen, and an army with many people. He will slay with the sword your daughter villages in the fields; he will (AE)heap up a siege mound against you, build a wall against you, and raise a [f]defense against you. He will direct his battering rams against your walls, and with his axes he will break down your towers. 10 Because of the abundance of his horses, their dust will cover you; your walls will shake at the noise of the horsemen, the wagons, and the chariots, when he enters your gates, as men enter a city that has been breached. 11 With the hooves of his (AF)horses he will trample all your streets; he will slay your people by the sword, and your strong pillars will fall to the ground. 12 They will plunder your riches and pillage your merchandise; they will break down your walls and destroy your pleasant houses; they will lay your stones, your timber, and your soil in the (AG)midst of the water. 13 (AH)I will put an end to the sound of (AI)your songs, and the sound of your harps shall be heard no more. 14 (AJ)I will make you like the top of a rock; you shall be a place for spreading nets, and you shall never be rebuilt, for I the Lord have spoken,’ says the Lord God.

15 “Thus says the Lord God to Tyre: ‘Will the coastlands not (AK)shake at the sound of your fall, when the wounded cry, when slaughter is made in the midst of you? 16 Then all the (AL)princes of the sea will (AM)come down from their thrones, lay aside their robes, and take off their embroidered garments; they will clothe themselves with trembling; (AN)they will sit on the ground, (AO)tremble every moment, and (AP)be astonished at you. 17 And they will take up a (AQ)lamentation for you, and say to you:

“How you have perished,
O one inhabited by seafaring men,
O renowned city,
Who was (AR)strong at sea,
She and her inhabitants,
Who caused their terror to be on all her inhabitants!
18 Now (AS)the coastlands tremble on the day of your fall;
Yes, the coastlands by the sea are troubled at your departure.” ’

19 “For thus says the Lord God: ‘When I make you a desolate city, like cities that are not inhabited, when I bring the deep upon you, and great waters cover you, 20 then I will bring you down (AT)with those who descend into the Pit, to the people of old, and I will make you dwell in the lowest part of the earth, in places desolate from antiquity, with those who go down to the Pit, so that you may never be inhabited; and I shall establish glory (AU)in the land of the living. 21 (AV)I will make you a terror, and you shall be no more; (AW)though you are sought for, you will never be found again,’ says the Lord God.”

Lamentation for Tyre

27 The word of the Lord came again to me, saying, “Now, son of man, (AX)take up a lamentation for Tyre, and say to Tyre, (AY)‘You who [g]are situated at the entrance of the sea, (AZ)merchant of the peoples on many coastlands, thus says the Lord God:

“O Tyre, you have said,
(BA)‘I am perfect in beauty.’
Your borders are in the midst of the seas.
Your builders have perfected your beauty.
They [h]made all your planks of fir trees from (BB)Senir;
They took a cedar from Lebanon to make you a mast.
Of (BC)oaks from Bashan they made your oars;
The company of Ashurites have inlaid your planks
With ivory from (BD)the coasts of [i]Cyprus.
Fine embroidered linen from Egypt was what you spread for your sail;
Blue and purple from the coasts of Elishah was what covered you.

“Inhabitants of Sidon and Arvad were your oarsmen;
Your wise men, O Tyre, were in you;
They became your pilots.
Elders of (BE)Gebal and its wise men
Were in you to caulk your seams;
All the ships of the sea
And their oarsmen were in you
To market your merchandise.

10 “Those from Persia, [j]Lydia, and [k]Libya
Were in your army as men of war;
They hung shield and helmet in you;
They gave splendor to you.
11 Men of Arvad with your army were on your walls all around,
And the men of Gammad were in your towers;
They hung their shields on your walls all around;
They made (BF)your beauty perfect.

12 (BG)“Tarshish was your merchant because of your many luxury goods. They gave you silver, iron, tin, and lead for your goods. 13 (BH)Javan, Tubal, and Meshech were your traders. They bartered (BI)human lives and vessels of bronze for your merchandise. 14 Those from the house of (BJ)Togarmah traded for your wares with horses, steeds, and mules. 15 The men of (BK)Dedan were your traders; many isles were the market of your hand. They brought you ivory tusks and ebony as payment. 16 Syria was your merchant because of the abundance of goods you made. They gave you for your wares emeralds, purple, embroidery, fine linen, corals, and rubies. 17 Judah and the land of Israel were your traders. They traded for your merchandise wheat of (BL)Minnith, millet, honey, oil, and (BM)balm. 18 Damascus was your merchant because of the abundance of goods you made, because of your many luxury items, with the wine of Helbon and with white wool. 19 Dan and Javan paid for your wares, [l]traversing back and forth. Wrought iron, cassia, and cane were among your merchandise. 20 (BN)Dedan was your merchant in saddlecloths for riding. 21 Arabia and all the princes of (BO)Kedar were your regular merchants. They traded with you in lambs, rams, and goats. 22 The merchants of (BP)Sheba and Raamah were your merchants. They traded for your wares the choicest spices, all kinds of precious stones, and gold. 23 (BQ)Haran, Canneh, Eden, the merchants of (BR)Sheba, Assyria, and Chilmad were your merchants. 24 These were your merchants in choice items—in purple clothes, in embroidered garments, in chests of multicolored apparel, in sturdy woven cords, which were in your marketplace.

25 “The (BS)ships of Tarshish were carriers of your merchandise.
You were filled and very glorious (BT)in the midst of the seas.
26 Your oarsmen brought you into many waters,
But (BU)the east wind broke you in the midst of the seas.

27 “Your (BV)riches, wares, and merchandise,
Your mariners and pilots,
Your caulkers and merchandisers,
All your men of war who are in you,
And the entire company which is in your midst,
Will fall into the midst of the seas on the day of your ruin.
28 The (BW)common-land[m] will shake at the sound of the cry of your pilots.

29 “All (BX)who handle the oar,
The mariners,
All the pilots of the sea
Will come down from their ships and stand on the [n]shore.
30 They will make their voice heard because of you;
They will cry bitterly and (BY)cast dust on their heads;
They (BZ)will roll about in ashes;
31 They will (CA)shave themselves completely bald because of you,
Gird themselves with sackcloth,
And weep for you
With bitterness of heart and bitter wailing.
32 In their wailing for you
They will (CB)take up a lamentation,
And lament for you:
(CC)‘What city is like Tyre,
Destroyed in the midst of the sea?

33 ‘When(CD) your wares went out by sea,
You satisfied many people;
You enriched the kings of the earth
With your many luxury goods and your merchandise.
34 But (CE)you are broken by the seas in the depths of the waters;
(CF)Your merchandise and the entire company will fall in your midst.
35 (CG)All the inhabitants of the isles will be astonished at you;
Their kings will be greatly afraid,
And their countenance will be troubled.
36 The merchants among the peoples (CH)will hiss at you;
(CI)You will become a horror, and be no (CJ)more forever.’ ” ’ ”

Proclamation Against the King of Tyre

28 The word of the Lord came to me again, saying, “Son of man, say to the prince of Tyre, ‘Thus says the Lord God:

“Because your heart is (CK)lifted[o] up,
And (CL)you say, ‘I am a god,
I sit in the seat of gods,
(CM)In the midst of the seas,’
(CN)Yet you are a man, and not a god,
Though you set your heart as the heart of a god
(Behold, (CO)you are wiser than Daniel!
There is no secret that can be hidden from you!
With your wisdom and your understanding
You have gained (CP)riches for yourself,
And gathered gold and silver into your treasuries;
(CQ)By your great wisdom in trade you have increased your riches,
And your heart is lifted up because of your riches),”

‘Therefore thus says the Lord God:

“Because you have set your heart as the heart of a god,
Behold, therefore, I will bring (CR)strangers against you,
(CS)The most terrible of the nations;
And they shall draw their swords against the beauty of your wisdom,
And defile your splendor.
They shall throw you down into the (CT)Pit,
And you shall die the death of the slain
In the midst of the seas.

“Will you still (CU)say before him who slays you,
‘I am a god’?
But you shall be a man, and not a god,
In the hand of him who slays you.
10 You shall die the death of (CV)the uncircumcised
By the hand of aliens;
For I have spoken,” says the Lord God.’ ”

Lamentation for the King of Tyre

11 Moreover the word of the Lord came to me, saying, 12 “Son of man, (CW)take up a lamentation for the king of Tyre, and say to him, ‘Thus says the Lord God:

(CX)“You were the seal of perfection,
Full of wisdom and perfect in beauty.
13 You were in (CY)Eden, the garden of God;
Every precious stone was your covering:
The sardius, topaz, and diamond,
Beryl, onyx, and jasper,
Sapphire, turquoise, and emerald with gold.
The workmanship of (CZ)your timbrels and pipes
Was prepared for you on the day you were created.

14 “You were the anointed (DA)cherub who covers;
I established you;
You were on (DB)the holy mountain of God;
You walked back and forth in the midst of fiery stones.
15 You were perfect in your ways from the day you were created,
Till (DC)iniquity was found in you.

16 “By the abundance of your trading
You became filled with violence within,
And you sinned;
Therefore I cast you as a profane thing
Out of the mountain of God;
And I destroyed you, (DD)O covering cherub,
From the midst of the fiery stones.

17 “Your (DE)heart was [p]lifted up because of your beauty;
You corrupted your wisdom for the sake of your splendor;
I cast you to the ground,
I laid you before kings,
That they might gaze at you.

18 “You defiled your sanctuaries
By the multitude of your iniquities,
By the iniquity of your trading;
Therefore I brought fire from your midst;
It devoured you,
And I turned you to ashes upon the earth
In the sight of all who saw you.
19 All who knew you among the peoples are astonished at you;
(DF)You have become a horror,
And shall be no (DG)more forever.” ’ ”

Proclamation Against Sidon

20 Then the word of the Lord came to me, saying, 21 “Son of man, (DH)set your face (DI)toward Sidon, and prophesy against her, 22 and say, ‘Thus says the Lord God:

(DJ)“Behold, I am against you, O Sidon;
I will be glorified in your midst;
And (DK)they shall know that I am the Lord,
When I execute judgments in her and am (DL)hallowed in her.
23 (DM)For I will send pestilence upon her,
And blood in her streets;
The wounded shall be judged in her midst
By the sword against her on every side;
Then they shall know that I am the Lord.

24 “And there shall no longer be a pricking brier or (DN)a painful thorn for the house of Israel from among all who are around them, who (DO)despise them. Then they shall know that I am the Lord God.”

Israel’s Future Blessing

25 ‘Thus says the Lord God: “When I have (DP)gathered the house of Israel from the peoples among whom they are scattered, and am (DQ)hallowed in them in the sight of the Gentiles, then they will dwell in their own land which I gave to My servant Jacob. 26 And they will (DR)dwell [q]safely there, (DS)build houses, and (DT)plant vineyards; yes, they will dwell securely, when I execute judgments on all those around them who despise them. Then they shall know that I am the Lord their God.” ’ ”


  1. Ezekiel 25:4 Lit. sons
  2. Ezekiel 25:13 Or even to Dedan they shall fall
  3. Ezekiel 25:15 Lit. spite in soul
  4. Ezekiel 25:15 Or perpetual
  5. Ezekiel 26:7 Heb. Nebuchadrezzar, and so elsewhere in the book
  6. Ezekiel 26:8 Lit. a large shield
  7. Ezekiel 27:3 Lit. sit or dwell
  8. Ezekiel 27:5 built
  9. Ezekiel 27:6 Heb. Kittim, western lands, especially Cyprus
  10. Ezekiel 27:10 Heb. Lud
  11. Ezekiel 27:10 Heb. Put
  12. Ezekiel 27:19 LXX, Syr. from Uzal
  13. Ezekiel 27:28 open lands or pasturelands
  14. Ezekiel 27:29 Lit. land
  15. Ezekiel 28:2 Proud
  16. Ezekiel 28:17 Proud
  17. Ezekiel 28:26 securely

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