Prophecy Against the South

45 The word of the Lord came to me: 46 “Son of man, set your face toward(A) the south; preach against the south and prophesy against(B) the forest of the southland.(C) 47 Say to the southern forest:(D) ‘Hear the word of the Lord. This is what the Sovereign Lord says: I am about to set fire to you, and it will consume(E) all your trees, both green and dry. The blazing flame will not be quenched, and every face from south to north(F) will be scorched by it.(G) 48 Everyone will see that I the Lord have kindled it; it will not be quenched.(H)’”

49 Then I said, “Sovereign Lord,(I) they are saying of me, ‘Isn’t he just telling parables?(J)’”[a]

Babylon as God’s Sword of Judgment

21 [b]The word of the Lord came to me:(K) “Son of man, set your face against(L) Jerusalem and preach against the sanctuary.(M) Prophesy against(N) the land of Israel and say to her: ‘This is what the Lord says: I am against you.(O) I will draw my sword(P) from its sheath and cut off from you both the righteous and the wicked.(Q) Because I am going to cut off the righteous and the wicked, my sword(R) will be unsheathed against everyone from south to north.(S) Then all people will know that I the Lord have drawn my sword(T) from its sheath; it will not return(U) again.’(V)

“Therefore groan, son of man! Groan before them with broken heart and bitter grief.(W) And when they ask you, ‘Why are you groaning?(X)’ you shall say, ‘Because of the news that is coming. Every heart will melt with fear(Y) and every hand go limp;(Z) every spirit will become faint(AA) and every leg will be wet with urine.’(AB) It is coming! It will surely take place, declares the Sovereign Lord.”

The word of the Lord came to me: “Son of man, prophesy and say, ‘This is what the Lord says:

“‘A sword, a sword,
    sharpened and polished—
10 sharpened for the slaughter,(AC)
    polished to flash like lightning!

“‘Shall we rejoice in the scepter of my royal son? The sword despises every such stick.(AD)

11 “‘The sword is appointed to be polished,(AE)
    to be grasped with the hand;
it is sharpened and polished,
    made ready for the hand of the slayer.
12 Cry out and wail, son of man,
    for it is against my people;
    it is against all the princes of Israel.
They are thrown to the sword
    along with my people.
Therefore beat your breast.(AF)

13 “‘Testing will surely come. And what if even the scepter, which the sword despises, does not continue? declares the Sovereign Lord.’

14 “So then, son of man, prophesy
    and strike your hands(AG) together.
Let the sword strike twice,
    even three times.
It is a sword for slaughter—
    a sword for great slaughter,
    closing in on them from every side.(AH)
15 So that hearts may melt with fear(AI)
    and the fallen be many,
I have stationed the sword for slaughter[c]
    at all their gates.
Look! It is forged to strike like lightning,
    it is grasped for slaughter.(AJ)
16 Slash to the right, you sword,
    then to the left,
    wherever your blade is turned.
17 I too will strike my hands(AK) together,
    and my wrath(AL) will subside.
I the Lord have spoken.(AM)

18 The word of the Lord came to me: 19 “Son of man, mark out two roads for the sword(AN) of the king of Babylon to take, both starting from the same country. Make a signpost(AO) where the road branches off to the city. 20 Mark out one road for the sword to come against Rabbah of the Ammonites(AP) and another against Judah and fortified Jerusalem. 21 For the king of Babylon will stop at the fork in the road, at the junction of the two roads, to seek an omen: He will cast lots(AQ) with arrows, he will consult his idols,(AR) he will examine the liver.(AS) 22 Into his right hand will come the lot for Jerusalem, where he is to set up battering rams, to give the command to slaughter, to sound the battle cry,(AT) to set battering rams against the gates, to build a ramp(AU) and to erect siege works.(AV) 23 It will seem like a false omen to those who have sworn allegiance to him, but he will remind(AW) them of their guilt(AX) and take them captive.

24 “Therefore this is what the Sovereign Lord says: ‘Because you people have brought to mind your guilt by your open rebellion, revealing your sins in all that you do—because you have done this, you will be taken captive.

25 “‘You profane and wicked prince of Israel, whose day has come,(AY) whose time of punishment has reached its climax,(AZ) 26 this is what the Sovereign Lord says: Take off the turban, remove the crown.(BA) It will not be as it was: The lowly will be exalted and the exalted will be brought low.(BB) 27 A ruin! A ruin! I will make it a ruin! The crown will not be restored until he to whom it rightfully belongs shall come;(BC) to him I will give it.’(BD)

28 “And you, son of man, prophesy and say, ‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says about the Ammonites(BE) and their insults:

“‘A sword,(BF) a sword,
    drawn for the slaughter,
polished to consume
    and to flash like lightning!
29 Despite false visions concerning you
    and lying divinations(BG) about you,
it will be laid on the necks
    of the wicked who are to be slain,
whose day has come,
    whose time of punishment has reached its climax.(BH)

30 “‘Let the sword return to its sheath.(BI)
    In the place where you were created,
in the land of your ancestry,(BJ)
    I will judge you.
31 I will pour out my wrath on you
    and breathe(BK) out my fiery anger(BL) against you;
I will deliver you into the hands of brutal men,
    men skilled in destruction.(BM)
32 You will be fuel for the fire,(BN)
    your blood will be shed in your land,
you will be remembered(BO) no more;
    for I the Lord have spoken.’”

Judgment on Jerusalem’s Sins

22 The word of the Lord came to me:

“Son of man, will you judge her? Will you judge this city of bloodshed?(BP) Then confront her with all her detestable practices(BQ) and say: ‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says: You city that brings on herself doom by shedding blood(BR) in her midst and defiles herself by making idols, you have become guilty because of the blood you have shed(BS) and have become defiled by the idols you have made. You have brought your days to a close, and the end of your years has come.(BT) Therefore I will make you an object of scorn(BU) to the nations and a laughingstock to all the countries.(BV) Those who are near and those who are far away will mock you, you infamous city, full of turmoil.(BW)

“‘See how each of the princes of Israel who are in you uses his power to shed blood.(BX) In you they have treated father and mother with contempt;(BY) in you they have oppressed the foreigner(BZ) and mistreated the fatherless and the widow.(CA) You have despised my holy things and desecrated my Sabbaths.(CB) In you are slanderers(CC) who are bent on shedding blood;(CD) in you are those who eat at the mountain shrines(CE) and commit lewd acts.(CF) 10 In you are those who dishonor their father’s bed;(CG) in you are those who violate women during their period,(CH) when they are ceremonially unclean.(CI) 11 In you one man commits a detestable offense with his neighbor’s wife,(CJ) another shamefully defiles his daughter-in-law,(CK) and another violates his sister,(CL) his own father’s daughter.(CM) 12 In you are people who accept bribes(CN) to shed blood; you take interest(CO) and make a profit from the poor. You extort unjust gain from your neighbors.(CP) And you have forgotten(CQ) me, declares the Sovereign Lord.(CR)

13 “‘I will surely strike my hands(CS) together at the unjust gain(CT) you have made and at the blood(CU) you have shed in your midst.(CV) 14 Will your courage endure(CW) or your hands(CX) be strong in the day I deal with you? I the Lord have spoken,(CY) and I will do it.(CZ) 15 I will disperse you among the nations and scatter(DA) you through the countries; and I will put an end to(DB) your uncleanness.(DC) 16 When you have been defiled[d] in the eyes of the nations, you will know that I am the Lord.’”

17 Then the word of the Lord came to me: 18 “Son of man, the people of Israel have become dross(DD) to me; all of them are the copper, tin, iron and lead left inside a furnace.(DE) They are but the dross of silver.(DF) 19 Therefore this is what the Sovereign Lord says: ‘Because you have all become dross,(DG) I will gather you into Jerusalem. 20 As silver, copper, iron, lead and tin are gathered into a furnace to be melted with a fiery blast, so will I gather you in my anger and my wrath and put you inside the city and melt you.(DH) 21 I will gather you and I will blow(DI) on you with my fiery wrath, and you will be melted inside her.(DJ) 22 As silver is melted(DK) in a furnace, so you will be melted inside her, and you will know that I the Lord have poured out my wrath(DL) on you.’”(DM)

23 Again the word of the Lord came to me: 24 “Son of man, say to the land, ‘You are a land that has not been cleansed or rained on in the day of wrath.’(DN) 25 There is a conspiracy(DO) of her princes[e] within her like a roaring lion(DP) tearing its prey; they devour people,(DQ) take treasures and precious things and make many widows(DR) within her. 26 Her priests do violence to my law(DS) and profane my holy things; they do not distinguish between the holy and the common;(DT) they teach that there is no difference between the unclean and the clean;(DU) and they shut their eyes to the keeping of my Sabbaths, so that I am profaned(DV) among them.(DW) 27 Her officials(DX) within her are like wolves(DY) tearing their prey; they shed blood and kill people(DZ) to make unjust gain.(EA) 28 Her prophets whitewash(EB) these deeds for them by false visions and lying divinations.(EC) They say, ‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says’—when the Lord has not spoken.(ED) 29 The people of the land practice extortion and commit robbery;(EE) they oppress the poor and needy and mistreat the foreigner,(EF) denying them justice.(EG)

30 “I looked for someone among them who would build up the wall(EH) and stand before me in the gap on behalf of the land so I would not have to destroy it, but I found no one.(EI) 31 So I will pour out my wrath on them and consume them with my fiery anger,(EJ) bringing down(EK) on their own heads all they have done, declares the Sovereign Lord.(EL)


  1. Ezekiel 20:49 In Hebrew texts 20:45-49 is numbered 21:1-5.
  2. Ezekiel 21:1 In Hebrew texts 21:1-32 is numbered 21:6-37.
  3. Ezekiel 21:15 Septuagint; the meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain.
  4. Ezekiel 22:16 Or When I have allotted you your inheritance
  5. Ezekiel 22:25 Septuagint; Hebrew prophets

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