(A)“Son of man, how does (B)the wood of the vine surpass any wood, the vine branch that is among the trees of the forest?

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10 (A)Israel is a luxuriant vine
    that yields its fruit.
The more his fruit increased,
    (B)the more altars he built;
as his country improved,
    he improved his pillars.

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The Vineyard of the Lord Destroyed

Let me sing for my beloved
    my love song concerning his vineyard:
My beloved had (A)a vineyard
    on a very fertile hill.
He dug it and cleared it of stones,
    and planted it with (B)choice vines;
he built a watchtower in the midst of it,
    and hewed out a wine vat in it;
and (C)he looked for it to yield grapes,
    but it yielded wild grapes.

And now, O inhabitants of Jerusalem
    and men of Judah,
judge between me and my vineyard.
(D)What more was there to do for my vineyard,
    that I have not done in it?
(E)When I looked for it to yield grapes,
    why did it yield wild grapes?

And now I will tell you
    what I will do to my vineyard.
I will remove (F)its hedge,
    and it shall be devoured;[a]
(G)I will break down its wall,
    and it shall be trampled down.
I will make it a waste;
    it shall not be pruned or hoed,
    and (H)briers and thorns shall grow up;
(I)I will also command the clouds
    that they rain no rain upon it.

(J)For the vineyard of the Lord of hosts
    is the house of Israel,
and the men of Judah
    are his pleasant planting;
and he looked for justice,
    but behold, bloodshed;[b]
for righteousness,
    but behold, an outcry![c]

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Footnotes

  1. Isaiah 5:5 Or grazed over; compare Exodus 22:5
  2. Isaiah 5:7 The Hebrew words for justice and bloodshed sound alike
  3. Isaiah 5:7 The Hebrew words for righteous and outcry sound alike

You brought (A)a vine out of Egypt;
    you (B)drove out the nations and planted it.
You (C)cleared the ground for it;
    it took deep root and filled the land.
10 The mountains were covered with its shade,
    the mighty cedars with its branches.
11 It sent out its branches to (D)the sea
    and its shoots to (E)the River.[a]
12 Why then have you (F)broken down its walls,
    so that all who pass along the way pluck its fruit?
13 (G)The boar from the forest ravages it,
    and all that move in the field feed on it.

14 Turn again, O God of hosts!
    (H)Look down from heaven, and see;
have regard for this vine,
15     the stock that your right hand planted,
    and for the son whom you made strong for yourself.
16 They have (I)burned it with fire; they have (J)cut it down;
    may they perish at (K)the rebuke of your face!

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Footnotes

  1. Psalm 80:11 That is, the Euphrates

I Am the True Vine

15 “I am the (A)true vine, and my Father is (B)the vinedresser. (C)Every branch in me that does not bear fruit (D)he takes away, and every branch that does bear fruit he prunes, (E)that it may bear more fruit. Already (F)you are clean (G)because of the word that I have spoken to you. (H)Abide (I)in me, and I in you. As the branch cannot bear fruit by itself, unless it abides in the vine, neither can you, unless you abide in me. I am the vine; (J)you are the branches. Whoever abides in me and I in him, he it is that (K)bears much fruit, for apart from me you can do nothing. If anyone does not abide in me (L)he is thrown away like a branch and withers; (M)and the branches are gathered, thrown into the fire, and burned.

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The Parable of the Wicked Tenants

(A)And he began to tell the people this parable: “A man planted (B)a vineyard and (C)let it out to tenants and (D)went into another country for a long while. 10 When the time came, he sent a servant[a] to the tenants, so that (E)they would give him some of the fruit of the vineyard. (F)But the tenants beat him and sent him away empty-handed. 11 (G)And (H)he sent another servant. But they also beat and (I)treated him shamefully, and sent him away empty-handed. 12 (J)And he sent yet a third. This one also they wounded and cast out. 13 Then the owner of the vineyard said, ‘What shall I do? I will send my (K)beloved son; perhaps they will respect him.’ 14 But when the tenants saw him, they said to themselves, (L)‘This is the heir. (M)Let us kill him, so that the inheritance may be ours.’ 15 And they (N)threw him out of the vineyard and killed him. What then will the owner of the vineyard do to them? 16 (O)He will (P)come and destroy those tenants and (Q)give the vineyard to others.” When they heard this, they said, “Surely not!”

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Footnotes

  1. Luke 20:10 Or bondservant; also verse 11

21 (A)Yet I planted you a choice vine,
    wholly of pure seed.
(B)How then have you turned degenerate
    and become a wild vine?

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The Parable of the Tenants

12 (A)And he began to speak to them in parables. “A man planted (B)a vineyard (C)and put a fence around it and dug a pit for the winepress and built a tower, and (D)leased it to tenants and (E)went into another country. When the season came, he sent a servant[a] to the tenants to get from them some of the fruit of the vineyard. (F)And they took him and beat him and sent him away empty-handed. (G)Again (H)he sent to them another servant, and (I)they struck him on the head and (J)treated him shamefully. (K)And he sent another, and him they killed. And so with many others: some they beat, and some they killed. He had still one other, (L)a beloved son. (M)Finally he sent him to them, saying, ‘They will respect my son.’ But those tenants said to one another, (N)‘This is the heir. Come, (O)let us kill him, and the inheritance will be ours.’ And they took him and killed him and (P)threw him out of the vineyard. What will the owner of the vineyard do? (Q)He will (R)come and destroy the tenants and (S)give the vineyard to others.

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Footnotes

  1. Mark 12:2 Or bondservant; also verse 4

The Parable of the Tenants

33 (A)“Hear another parable. There was a master of a house who planted (B)a vineyard (C)and put a fence around it and dug a winepress in it and built a tower and (D)leased it to tenants, and (E)went into another country. 34 When the season for fruit drew near, he sent his servants[a] to the tenants (F)to get his fruit. 35 (G)And the tenants took his servants and beat one, killed another, and (H)stoned another. 36 (I)Again he sent other servants, more than the first. And they did the same to them. 37 Finally he sent his son to them, saying, ‘They will respect my son.’ 38 But when the tenants saw the son, they said to themselves, (J)‘This is the heir. Come, (K)let us kill him and have his inheritance.’ 39 And they took him and (L)threw him out of the vineyard and killed him. 40 (M)When therefore the owner of the vineyard comes, what will he do to those tenants?” 41 They said to him, (N)“He will put those wretches to a miserable death and (O)let out the vineyard to other tenants who will give him the fruits in their seasons.”

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Footnotes

  1. Matthew 21:34 Or bondservants; also verses 35, 36

Wail, O cypress, for the cedar has fallen,
    for the glorious trees are ruined!
Wail, (A)oaks of Bashan,
    for the thick forest has been felled!

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12 Therefore because of you
    (A)Zion shall be plowed as a field;
Jerusalem (B)shall become a heap of ruins,
    and (C)the mountain of the house (D)a wooded height.

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23 (A)Sing, O heavens, for the Lord has done it;
    shout, O (B)depths of the earth;
break forth into singing, O mountains,
    O forest, and every tree in it!
For the Lord has redeemed Jacob,
    (C)and will be glorified[a] in Israel.

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Footnotes

  1. Isaiah 44:23 Or will display his beauty

32 For their vine (A)comes from the vine of Sodom
    and from the fields of Gomorrah;
their grapes are grapes of (B)poison;
    their clusters are bitter;
33 their wine is the poison of (C)serpents
    and the cruel venom of asps.

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