The First Plague: Water Turned to Blood

14 Then the Lord said to Moses, “Pharaoh's heart is hardened; he refuses to let the people go. 15 (A)Go to Pharaoh in the morning, as he is going out to the water. Stand on the bank of the Nile to meet him, and take in your hand (B)the staff that turned into a (C)serpent. 16 And you shall say to him, ‘The (D)Lord, the God of the Hebrews, sent me to you, saying, “Let my people go, (E)that they may serve me in the wilderness.” But so far, you have not obeyed. 17 Thus says the Lord, “By this (F)you shall know that I am the Lord: behold, with the staff that is in my hand I will strike the water that is in the Nile, and (G)it shall turn into blood. 18 The fish in the Nile shall die, and the Nile will stink, and the Egyptians will (H)grow weary of drinking water from the Nile.”’” 19 And the Lord said to Moses, “Say to Aaron, ‘Take your staff and (I)stretch out your hand over the waters of Egypt, over their rivers, their canals, and their ponds, and all their pools of water, so that they may become blood, and there shall be blood throughout all the land of Egypt, even in vessels of wood and in vessels of stone.’”

20 Moses and Aaron did as the Lord commanded. In the sight of Pharaoh and in the sight of his servants he (J)lifted up the staff and struck the water in the Nile, and all the (K)water in the Nile turned into blood. 21 And the fish in the Nile died, and the Nile stank, so that the Egyptians (L)could not drink water from the Nile. There was blood throughout all the land of Egypt. 22 But (M)the magicians of Egypt did the same by their secret arts. So (N)Pharaoh's heart remained hardened, and he would not listen to them, as (O)the Lord had said. 23 Pharaoh turned and went into his house, and he did not take even this to heart. 24 And all the Egyptians dug along the Nile for water to drink, for they could not drink the water of the Nile.

25 Seven full days passed after the Lord had struck the Nile.

The Second Plague: Frogs

[a] Then the Lord said to Moses, “Go in to Pharaoh and say to him, ‘Thus says the Lord, “Let my people go, that (P)they may serve me. But if you (Q)refuse to let them go, behold, I will plague all your country with (R)frogs. The Nile shall swarm with frogs that shall come up into your house and into (S)your bedroom and on your bed and into the houses of your servants and your people,[b] and into your ovens and your kneading bowls. The frogs shall come up on you and on your people and on all your servants.”’” [c] And the Lord said to Moses, “Say to Aaron, (T)‘Stretch out your hand with your staff over the rivers, over the canals and over the pools, and make frogs come up on the land of Egypt!’” So Aaron stretched out his hand over the waters of Egypt, and (U)the frogs came up and covered the land of Egypt.

Footnotes

  1. Exodus 8:1 Ch 7:26 in Hebrew
  2. Exodus 8:3 Or among your people
  3. Exodus 8:5 Ch 8:1 in Hebrew

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