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11 Pharaoh, in turn, summoned the wise men and the sorcerers, and they also, the magicians(A) of Egypt, did the same thing by their magic arts.

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22 But the Egyptian magicians did the same[a] by their magic arts. So Pharaoh hardened his heart and would not listen to them, just as the Lord had said.

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  1. 7:22 The Egyptian magicians did the same: this is an exaggeration, presumably influenced by the similar statement in v. 11; whereas the magicians could turn their staffs into snakes after Aaron had done so, after Aaron’s sign there should not have been any water in Egypt still unchanged to blood for the magicians “to do the same” with it (cf. v. 24).

and mutual friction among people with corrupted minds, who are deprived of the truth, supposing religion to be a means of gain.(A)

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