10 but the (A)seventh day is a Sabbath to the Lord your God. On it you shall not do any work, you, or your son, or your daughter, your male servant, or your female servant, or your livestock, or the (B)sojourner who is within your gates.

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The Sabbath

(A)“Six days shall work be done, but on the seventh day is a Sabbath of solemn rest, a holy convocation. You shall do no work. It is a Sabbath to the Lord in all your dwelling places.

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12 “‘Observe the Sabbath day, to keep it holy, as the Lord your God commanded you.

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15 In those days I saw in Judah people treading winepresses (A)on the Sabbath, and bringing in heaps of grain and loading them on donkeys, and also wine, grapes, figs, and all kinds of loads, (B)which they brought into Jerusalem on the Sabbath day. And (C)I warned them on the day when they sold food. 16 Tyrians also, who lived in the city, brought in fish and all kinds of goods and sold them on the Sabbath to the people of Judah, in Jerusalem itself! 17 (D)Then I confronted the nobles of Judah and said to them, “What is this evil thing that you are doing, (E)profaning the Sabbath day? 18 (F)Did not your fathers act in this way, and did not our God bring all this disaster[a] on us and on this city? Now you are bringing more wrath on Israel by profaning the Sabbath.”

19 As soon as it (G)began to grow dark at the gates of Jerusalem before the Sabbath, I commanded that the doors should be shut and gave orders that they should not be opened until after the Sabbath. And I stationed some of my servants at the gates, that no load might be brought in on the Sabbath day. 20 Then the merchants and sellers of all kinds of wares lodged outside Jerusalem once or twice. 21 (H)But I warned them and said to them, “Why do you lodge outside the wall? If you do so again, I will lay hands on you.” From that time on they did not come on the Sabbath. 22 Then I commanded the Levites (I)that they should purify themselves and come and guard the gates, to keep the Sabbath day holy. (J)Remember this also in my favor, O my God, and spare me according to the greatness of your steadfast love.

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Footnotes

  1. Nehemiah 13:18 The Hebrew word can mean evil, harm, or disaster, depending on the context

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