The Lord answered Moses, “Go out in front of the people. Take with you some of the elders of Israel and take in your hand the staff(A) with which you struck the Nile,(B) and go. I will stand there before you by the rock at Horeb.(C) Strike(D) the rock, and water(E) will come out of it for the people to drink.” So Moses did this in the sight of the elders of Israel. And he called the place Massah[a](F) and Meribah[b](G) because the Israelites quarreled and because they tested the Lord saying, “Is the Lord among us or not?”

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  1. Exodus 17:7 Massah means testing.
  2. Exodus 17:7 Meribah means quarreling.

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