Water from the Rock

17 The entire Israelite community left the Wilderness of Sin, moving from one place to the next according to the Lord’s command. They camped at Rephidim, but there was no water for the people to drink.(A) So the people complained to Moses, “Give us water to drink.”

“Why are you complaining to me?” Moses replied to them. “Why are you testing(B) the Lord?”

But the people thirsted there for water and grumbled against Moses. They said, “Why did you ever bring us up from Egypt to kill us and our children and our livestock with thirst?” (C)

Then Moses cried out to the Lord, “What should I do with these people? In a little while they will stone me!” (D)

The Lord answered Moses, “Go on ahead of the people and take some of the elders of Israel with you. Take the staff you struck the Nile with in your hand and go. I am going to stand there in front of you on the rock at Horeb; when you hit the rock, water(E) will come out of it and the people will drink.” Moses did this in the sight of the elders of Israel. He named the place Massah[a] and Meribah[b](F) because the Israelites complained, and because they tested the Lord, saying, “Is the Lord among us or not?”

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Footnotes

  1. 17:7 = Testing
  2. 17:7 = Quarreling

22 “You continued to provoke the Lord at Taberah, Massah, and Kibroth-hattaavah.(A)

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He said about Levi:

Your Thummim and Urim(A) belong to your faithful one;[a]
you tested him at Massah
and contended with him at the Waters of Meribah.(B)

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Footnotes

  1. 33:8 DSS, LXX read Give to Levi your Thummim, your Urim to your favored one

Do not harden your hearts as at Meribah,
as on that day at Massah in the wilderness(A)
where your ancestors tested me;
they tried me, though they had seen what I did.(B)

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