4 When the Lord[a] saw that[b] he had turned aside to look, God called to him from within the bush and said, “Moses, Moses!”[c] And Moses[d] said, “Here I am.”
Exodus 3:4tn The preterite with the vav (ו) is subordinated as a temporal clause to the main point of the verse, that God called to him. The language is anthropomorphic, as if God’s actions were based on his observing what Moses did.
Exodus 3:4tn The particle כִּי (ki, “that”) introduces the noun clause that functions as the direct object of the verb “saw” (R. J. Williams, Hebrew Syntax, 81, §490).
Exodus 3:4sn The repetition of the name in God’s call is emphatic, making the appeal direct and immediate (see also Gen 22:11; 46:2). The use of the personal name shows how specifically God directed the call and that he knew this person. The repetition may have stressed even more that it was indeed he whom the Lord wanted. It would have been an encouragement to Moses that this was in fact the Lord who was meeting him.
Exodus 3:4tnHeb “And he said”; the referent (Moses) has been specified in the translation for clarity.
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