Jethro Counsels Moses

13 And it came about the next day, that Moses sat to judge the people, and the people stood before Moses from the morning until the evening. 14 Now when Moses’ father-in-law saw all that he was doing for the people, he said, “What is this thing that you are doing for the people? Why do you alone sit as judge and all the people stand before you from morning until evening?” 15 Moses said to his father-in-law, “Because the people come to me (A)to inquire of God. 16 When they have a [a](B)dispute, it comes to me, and I judge between someone and his neighbor and make known the statutes of God and His laws.” 17 Moses’ father-in-law then said to him, “The thing that you are doing is not good. 18 (C)You will surely wear out, both yourself and [b]these people who are with you, because the [c]task is too heavy for you; (D)you cannot do it alone. 19 Now listen to [d]me: I will give you counsel, and God be with you. [e]You be the people’s representative before God, and you (E)bring the [f]disputes to God, 20 (F)then admonish them about the statutes and the laws, and make known to them (G)the way in which they are to walk and the work they are to do. 21 Furthermore, you shall [g]select out of all the people (H)able men (I)who fear God, men of truth, those who (J)hate dishonest gain; and you shall place these over them as leaders of thousands, [h]of hundreds, [i]of fifties, and [j]of tens. 22 Let them judge the people at all times; and let it be (K)that they will bring to you every major matter, but they will judge every minor matter themselves. So it will be easier for you, and (L)they will carry the burden with you. 23 If you do this thing and God so commands you, then you will be able to [k]endure, and all [l]these people also will go to [m]their places in peace.”

24 So Moses listened [n]to his father-in-law and did everything that he had said. 25 Moses chose (M)able men out of all Israel and made them heads over the people, leaders of thousands, [o]of hundreds, [p]of fifties, and [q]of tens. 26 Then they judged the people at all times; (N)they would bring the difficult matter to Moses, but they would judge every minor matter themselves. 27 Then Moses [r](O)said goodbye to his father-in-law, and [s]Jethro went his way to his own land.

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Footnotes

  1. Exodus 18:16 Lit matter
  2. Exodus 18:18 Lit this
  3. Exodus 18:18 Lit matter
  4. Exodus 18:19 Lit my voice
  5. Exodus 18:19 Lit You be for the people in front of God
  6. Exodus 18:19 Lit matters
  7. Exodus 18:21 Lit see
  8. Exodus 18:21 Lit leaders of
  9. Exodus 18:21 Lit leaders of
  10. Exodus 18:21 Lit leaders of
  11. Exodus 18:23 Lit stand
  12. Exodus 18:23 Lit this
  13. Exodus 18:23 Lit his
  14. Exodus 18:24 Lit to the voice of
  15. Exodus 18:25 Lit leaders of
  16. Exodus 18:25 Lit leaders of
  17. Exodus 18:25 Lit leaders of
  18. Exodus 18:27 Lit sent off his father-in-law
  19. Exodus 18:27 Lit he