English Standard Version
Esther Agrees to Help the Jews
4 When Mordecai learned all that had been done, Mordecai tore his clothes (A)and put on sackcloth and ashes, and went out into the midst of the city, and he cried out with a loud and bitter cry. 2 He went up to the entrance of the king's gate, for no one was allowed to enter the king's gate clothed in sackcloth. 3 And in every province, wherever the king's command and his decree reached, there was great mourning among the Jews, (B)with fasting and weeping and lamenting, and many of them (C)lay in sackcloth and ashes.
4 When Esther's young women and her eunuchs came and told her, the queen was deeply distressed. She sent garments to clothe Mordecai, so that he might take off his sackcloth, but he would not accept them. 5 Then Esther called for Hathach, one of the king's eunuchs, who had been appointed to attend her, and ordered him to go to Mordecai to learn what this was and why it was. 6 Hathach went out to Mordecai in the open square of the city in front of the king's gate, 7 and Mordecai told him all that had happened to him, (D)and the exact sum of money that Haman had promised to pay into the king's treasuries for the destruction of the Jews. 8 Mordecai also gave him (E)a copy of the written decree issued in Susa for their destruction,[a] that he might show it to Esther and explain it to her and command her to go to the king to beg his favor and plead with him[b] on behalf of her people. 9 And Hathach went and told Esther what Mordecai had said. 10 Then Esther spoke to Hathach and commanded him to go to Mordecai and say, 11 “All the king's servants and the people of the king's provinces know that if any man or woman goes to the king inside (F)the inner court without being called, (G)there is but one law—to be put to death, except the one (H)to whom the king holds out the golden scepter so that he may live. But as for me, I have not been called to come in to the king these thirty days.”
12 And they told Mordecai what Esther had said. 13 Then Mordecai told them to reply to Esther, “Do not think to yourself that in the king's palace you will escape any more than all the other Jews. 14 For if you keep silent at this time, relief and deliverance will rise for the Jews from another place, but you and your father's house will perish. And who knows whether you have not come to the kingdom for such a time as this?” 15 Then Esther told them to reply to Mordecai, 16 “Go, gather all the Jews to be found in Susa, and hold a fast on my behalf, and do not eat or drink for (I)three days, night or day. I and my young women will also fast as you do. Then I will go to the king, though it is against the law, (J)and if I perish, I perish.”[c] 17 Mordecai then went away and did everything as Esther had ordered him.
Esther Prepares a Banquet
5 (K)On the third day Esther put on her royal robes and stood in (L)the inner court of the king's palace, in front of the king's quarters, while the king was sitting on his royal throne inside the throne room opposite the entrance to the palace. 2 And when the king saw Queen Esther standing in the court, (M)she won favor in his sight, (N)and he held out to Esther the golden scepter that was in his hand. Then Esther approached and touched the tip of the scepter. 3 And the king said to her, “What is it, Queen Esther? What is your request? It shall be given you, even (O)to the half of my kingdom.” 4 And Esther said, “If it please the king,[d] let the king and Haman come today to a feast that I have prepared for the king.” 5 Then the king said, “Bring Haman quickly, so that we may do as Esther has asked.” So the king and Haman came to the feast that Esther had prepared. 6 (P)And as they were drinking wine after the feast, the king said to Esther, (Q)“What is your wish? It shall be granted you. And what is your request? (R)Even to the half of my kingdom, it shall be fulfilled.”[e] 7 Then Esther answered, “My wish and my request is: 8 (S)If I have found favor in the sight of the king, and if it please the king[f] to grant my wish and fulfill my request, let the king and Haman come to (T)the feast that I will prepare for them, and tomorrow I will do as the king has said.”
Haman Plans to Hang Mordecai
9 And Haman went out that day (U)joyful and glad of heart. But when Haman saw Mordecai (V)in the king's gate, (W)that he neither rose nor trembled before him, he was filled with wrath against Mordecai. 10 Nevertheless, Haman restrained himself and went home, and he sent and brought his friends and (X)his wife Zeresh. 11 And Haman recounted to them the splendor of his riches, (Y)the number of his sons, all the promotions with which (Z)the king had honored him, and how he had advanced him above the officials and the servants of the king. 12 Then Haman said, “Even Queen Esther let no one but me come with the king to the feast she prepared. And tomorrow also I am invited by her together with the king. 13 Yet all this is worth nothing to me, so long as I see Mordecai the Jew sitting (AA)at the king's gate.” 14 Then (AB)his wife Zeresh and all his friends said to him, (AC)“Let a gallows[g] fifty cubits[h] high be made, and in the morning tell the king to have Mordecai hanged upon it. Then go joyfully with the king to the feast.” This idea pleased Haman, and he had the gallows made.
The King Honors Mordecai
6 On that night the king could not sleep. And he gave orders to bring (AD)the book of memorable deeds, the chronicles, and they were read before the king. 2 And it was found written how (AE)Mordecai had told about (AF)Bigthana[i] and (AG)Teresh, two of the king's eunuchs, who guarded the threshold, and who had sought to lay hands on King Ahasuerus. 3 And the king said, “What honor or distinction has been bestowed on Mordecai for this?” The king's young men who attended him said, “Nothing has been done for him.” 4 And the king said, “Who is in the court?” Now Haman had just entered (AH)the outer court of the king's palace to speak to the king about having Mordecai hanged on (AI)the gallows[j] that he had prepared for him. 5 And the king's young men told him, “Haman is there, standing in the court.” And the king said, “Let him come in.” 6 So Haman came in, and the king said to him, “What should be done to the man (AJ)whom the king delights to honor?” And Haman said to himself, “Whom would the king delight to honor more than me?” 7 And Haman said to the king, “For the man whom the king delights to honor, 8 let royal robes be brought, which the king has worn, (AK)and the horse that the king has ridden, and on whose head (AL)a royal crown[k] is set. 9 And let the robes and the horse be handed over to one of the king's most noble officials. Let them dress the man whom the king delights to honor, and let them lead him on the horse through the square of the city, (AM)proclaiming before him: ‘Thus shall it be done to the man whom the king delights to honor.’” 10 Then the king said to Haman, “Hurry; take the robes and the horse, as you have said, and do so to Mordecai the Jew, who sits (AN)at the king's gate. Leave out nothing that you have mentioned.” 11 So Haman took the robes and the horse, and he dressed Mordecai and led him through the square of the city, proclaiming before him, “Thus shall it be done to the man whom the king delights to honor.”
12 Then Mordecai returned to the king's gate. But Haman hurried to his house, mourning (AO)and with his head covered. 13 And Haman told (AP)his wife Zeresh and all his friends everything that had happened to him. Then his wise men and his wife Zeresh said to him, “If Mordecai, before whom you have begun to fall, is of the Jewish people, you will not overcome him but will surely fall before him.”
Esther Reveals Haman's Plot
14 While they were yet talking with him, the king's eunuchs arrived and hurried to bring Haman (AQ)to the feast that Esther had prepared.
7 So the king and Haman went in to feast with Queen Esther. 2 And on the second day, as they were drinking wine after the feast, the king again said to Esther, (AR)“What is your wish, Queen Esther? It shall be granted you. And what is your request? (AS)Even to the half of my kingdom, it shall be fulfilled.” 3 Then Queen Esther answered, (AT)“If I have found favor in your sight, O king, and if it please the king, let my life be granted me for my wish, and my people for my request. 4 (AU)For we have been sold, I and my people, (AV)to be destroyed, to be killed, and to be annihilated. If we had been sold merely as slaves, men and women, I would have been silent, for our affliction is not to be compared with the loss to the king.” 5 Then King Ahasuerus said to Queen Esther, “Who is he, and where is he, who has dared[l] to do this?” 6 And Esther said, (AW)“A foe and enemy! This wicked Haman!” Then Haman was terrified before the king and the queen.
Haman Is Hanged
7 And the king arose in his wrath from the wine-drinking and went into (AX)the palace garden, but Haman stayed to beg for his life from Queen Esther, for he saw that harm was determined against him by the king. 8 And the king returned from (AY)the palace garden to the place where they were drinking wine, as Haman was falling on (AZ)the couch where Esther was. And the king said, “Will he even assault the queen in my presence, in my own house?” As the word left the mouth of the king, they covered Haman's face. 9 Then (BA)Harbona, one of the eunuchs in attendance on the king, said, “Moreover, (BB)the gallows[m] that Haman has prepared for Mordecai, (BC)whose word saved the king, is standing at Haman's house, fifty cubits[n] high.” And the king said, “Hang him on that.” 10 (BD)So they hanged Haman on the gallows that he had prepared for Mordecai. (BE)Then the wrath of the king abated.
Esther Saves the Jews
8 On that day King Ahasuerus gave to Queen Esther the house of Haman, (BF)the enemy of the Jews. And Mordecai came before the king, for Esther had told (BG)what he was to her. 2 (BH)And the king took off his signet ring, which he had taken from Haman, and gave it to Mordecai. And Esther set Mordecai over the house of Haman.
3 Then Esther spoke again to the king. She fell at his feet and wept and pleaded with him to avert the evil plan of Haman (BI)the Agagite and the plot that he had devised against the Jews. 4 (BJ)When the king held out the golden scepter to Esther, Esther rose and stood before the king. 5 And she said, “If it please the king, (BK)and if I have found favor in his sight, and if the thing seems right before the king, and I am pleasing in his eyes, let an order be written to revoke (BL)the letters devised by Haman (BM)the Agagite, the son of Hammedatha, which he wrote to destroy the Jews who are in all the provinces of the king. 6 For how can I bear (BN)to see the calamity that is coming to my people? Or how can I bear to see the destruction of my kindred?” 7 Then King Ahasuerus said to Queen Esther and to Mordecai the Jew, “Behold, (BO)I have given Esther the house of Haman, and they have hanged him on the gallows,[o] because he intended to lay hands on the Jews. 8 But you may write as you please with regard to the Jews, in the name of the king, (BP)and seal it with the king's ring, for an edict written in the name of the king and sealed with the king's ring (BQ)cannot be revoked.”
9 (BR)The king's scribes were summoned at that time, in the third month, which is the month of Sivan, on the twenty-third day. And an edict was written, according to all that Mordecai commanded concerning the Jews, to (BS)the satraps and the governors and the officials of the provinces (BT)from India to Ethiopia, (BU)127 provinces, (BV)to each province in its own script and to each people in its own language, and also to the Jews in their script and their language. 10 (BW)And he wrote in the name of King Ahasuerus (BX)and sealed it with the king's signet ring. Then he sent the letters by mounted couriers riding on (BY)swift horses that were used in the king's service, bred from the royal stud, 11 saying that the king allowed the Jews who were in every city (BZ)to gather and defend their lives, (CA)to destroy, to kill, and to annihilate any armed force of any people or province that might attack them, children and women included, (CB)and to plunder their goods, 12 (CC)on one day throughout all the provinces of King Ahasuerus, on the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month of Adar. 13 (CD)A copy of what was written was to be issued as a decree in every province, being publicly displayed to all peoples, and the Jews were to be ready on that day to take vengeance on their enemies. 14 So the couriers, mounted on their (CE)swift horses that were used in the king's service, rode out hurriedly, urged by the king's command. And the decree was issued in Susa the citadel.
15 Then Mordecai went out from the presence of the king (CF)in royal robes of blue and white, with a great golden crown[p] and (CG)a robe of fine linen and purple, (CH)and the city of Susa shouted and rejoiced. 16 The Jews had (CI)light and gladness and joy and honor. 17 And in every province and in every city, wherever the king's command and his edict reached, there was gladness and joy among the Jews, a feast and (CJ)a holiday. (CK)And many from the peoples of the country declared themselves Jews, (CL)for fear of the Jews had fallen on them.
- Esther 4:8 Or annihilation
- Esther 4:8 Hebrew and seek from before his face
- Esther 4:16 Hebrew if I am destroyed, then I will be destroyed
- Esther 5:4 Hebrew If it is good to the king
- Esther 5:6 Or done
- Esther 5:8 Hebrew if it is good to the king
- Esther 5:14 Or wooden beam; twice in this verse (see note on 2:23)
- Esther 5:14 A cubit was about 18 inches or 45 centimeters
- Esther 6:2 Bigthana is an alternate spelling of Bigthan (see 2:21)
- Esther 6:4 Or wooden beam (see note on 2:23)
- Esther 6:8 Or headdress
- Esther 7:5 Hebrew whose heart has filled him
- Esther 7:9 Or wooden beam; also verse 10 (see note on 2:23)
- Esther 7:9 A cubit was about 18 inches or 45 centimeters
- Esther 8:7 Or wooden beam (see note on 2:23)
- Esther 8:15 Or headdress