Then Haman said to King Ahasuerus, “There is a certain people scattered and dispersed among the peoples in all the provinces of your kingdom; (A)their laws are different from those of all other people and they do not [a]comply with the king’s laws, so it is not in the king’s interest to let them remain. If it is pleasing to the king, let it be [b]decreed that they be eliminated, and I will pay [c]ten thousand talents of silver into the hands of those who carry out the king’s business, to put into the king’s treasuries.” 10 Then (B)the king took his signet ring from his hand and gave it to Haman, the son of Hammedatha (C)the Agagite, (D)the enemy of the Jews. 11 And the king said to Haman, “The silver is [d]yours, and the people also, to do with them as you please.”

12 (E)Then the king’s scribes were summoned on the thirteenth day of the first month, and it was written just as Haman commanded to (F)the king’s satraps, to the governors who were over each province and to the officials of each people, each province according to its script, each people according to its language, being written (G)in the name of King Ahasuerus and sealed with the king’s signet ring. 13 Letters were sent by (H)couriers to all the king’s provinces (I)to annihilate, kill, and destroy all the Jews, both young and old, women and children, (J)in one day, the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month Adar, and to (K)seize their possessions as plunder.

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  1. Esther 3:8 Lit do the
  2. Esther 3:9 Lit written
  3. Esther 3:9 About 375 tons or 340 metric tons
  4. Esther 3:11 Lit given to you

And (A)the king extended the golden scepter to Esther. So Esther got up and stood before the king. Then she said, “(B)If it pleases the king and if I have found favor before him, and the matter seems proper to the king and I am pleasing in his sight, let it be written to revoke the (C)letters devised by Haman, the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, which he wrote to eliminate the Jews who are in all the king’s provinces. For (D)how can I endure to see the disaster which will happen to my people, and how can I endure to see the destruction of my kindred?” So King Ahasuerus said to Queen Esther and to Mordecai the Jew, “Behold, (E)I have given the house of Haman to Esther, and they have hanged him on the wooden gallows because he had reached out with his hand against the Jews.

The King’s Decree Avenges the Jews

Now you write to the Jews [a]as you see fit, in the king’s name, and (F)seal it with the king’s signet ring; for a decree which is written in the name of the king and sealed with the king’s signet ring (G)may not be revoked.”

(H)So the king’s scribes were summoned at that time in the third month (that is, the month Sivan), on the twenty-third [b]day; and it was written in accordance with everything that Mordecai commanded the Jews, the satraps, the governors, and the officials of the provinces which extended (I)from India to [c]Cush, 127 provinces, to (J)every province according to its script, and to every people according to their language, as well as to the Jews according to their script and their language. 10 He wrote in the name of King Ahasuerus, and sealed it with the king’s signet ring, and sent letters by couriers on (K)horses, riding on royal relay horses, offspring of racing mares. 11 [d]In the letters the king granted the Jews who were in each and every city the right (L)to assemble and to defend their lives, (M)to destroy, kill, and eliminate the entire army of any people or province which was going to attack them, including children and women, and (N)to plunder their spoils, 12 on (O)one day in all the provinces of King Ahasuerus, on the thirteenth day of the twelfth month (that is, the month Adar). 13 (P)A copy of the edict to be [e]issued as law in each and every province was published to all the peoples, so that the Jews would be ready for this day to avenge themselves on their enemies. 14 The couriers, hurrying and speeded by the king’s command, left, riding on the royal relay horses; and the decree was issued at the citadel in Susa.

15 Then Mordecai went out from the presence of the king (Q)in a royal robe of violet and white, with a large crown of gold and (R)a garment of fine linen and purple; and (S)the city of Susa shouted and rejoiced. 16 For the Jews there was (T)light, joy, jubilation, and honor. 17 In each and every province and in each and every city, wherever the king’s commandment and his decree arrived, there was joy and jubilation for the Jews, a feast and a [f](U)holiday. And (V)many among the peoples of the land [g]became Jews, because the dread of the Jews had fallen on them.

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  1. Esther 8:8 Lit according to the good in your eyes
  2. Esther 8:9 Lit in it
  3. Esther 8:9 Or Ethiopia
  4. Esther 8:11 Lit Which the king
  5. Esther 8:13 Lit given
  6. Esther 8:17 Lit good day
  7. Esther 8:17 Or posed as Jews

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