For (A)by grace you have been saved (B)through faith; and [a]this is not of yourselves, it is (C)the gift of God; (D)not a result of works, so that (E)no one may boast. 10 For we are His workmanship, (F)created in (G)Christ Jesus for (H)good works, which God (I)prepared beforehand so that we would (J)walk in them.

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  1. Ephesians 2:8 I.e., this salvation

Jesus *said to him, “I am (A)the way, and (B)the truth, and (C)the life; no one comes to the Father except through Me.

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12 So then, my beloved, (A)just as you have always obeyed, not as in my presence only, but now much more in my absence, work out your own (B)salvation with (C)fear and trembling; 13 for it is (D)God who is at work in you, both to [a]desire and to work (E)for His good pleasure.

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  1. Philippians 2:13 Or be willing

Results of Justification

(A)Therefore, having been justified by faith, [a](B)we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we also have (C)obtained our introduction by faith into this grace (D)in which we stand; and [b]we celebrate in hope of the glory of God. (E)And not only this, but [c]we also (F)celebrate in our tribulations, knowing that tribulation brings about (G)perseverance; and (H)perseverance, (I)proven character; and proven character, hope; and hope (J)does not disappoint, because the love of God has been (K)poured out within our hearts through the Holy Spirit who was given to us.

For while we were still (L)helpless, (M)at the right time (N)Christ died for the ungodly. For one will hardly die for a righteous person; [d]though perhaps for the good person someone would even dare to die. But God (O)demonstrates (P)His own love toward us, in that while we were still sinners, (Q)Christ died for us. Much more then, having now been justified [e](R)by His blood, we shall be saved (S)from the wrath of God through Him. 10 For if while we were (T)enemies we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son, much more, having been reconciled, we shall be saved [f](U)by His life. 11 (V)And not only this, but [g]we also celebrate in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received (W)the reconciliation.

12 Therefore, just as through (X)one man sin entered into the world, and (Y)death through sin, and (Z)so death spread to all mankind, because all sinned— 13 for [h]until the Law sin was in the world, but (AA)sin is not [i]counted against anyone when there is no law. 14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses, even over those who had not sinned (AB)in the likeness of the [j]violation committed by Adam, who is a [k](AC)type of Him who was to come.

15 But [l]the gracious gift is not like the offense. For if by the offense of (AD)the one (AE)the many died, much more did the grace of God and the gift by (AF)the grace of the one Man, Jesus Christ, overflow to the many. 16 The gift is not like that which came through the one who sinned; for on the one hand (AG)the judgment arose from one offense, [m]resulting in condemnation, but on the other hand the gracious gift arose from many offenses, [n]resulting in justification. 17 For if by the offense of the one, death reigned (AH)through the one, much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness (AI)reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ.

18 So then, as through (AJ)one offense [o]the result was condemnation to all mankind, so also through one (AK)act of righteousness [p]the result was (AL)justification of life to all mankind. 19 For as through the one man’s disobedience (AM)the many (AN)were made sinners, so also through (AO)the obedience of the One (AP)the many will be made righteous. 20 [q](AQ)The Law came in so that the offense would increase; but where sin increased, (AR)grace abounded all the more, 21 so that, as (AS)sin reigned in death, so also (AT)grace would reign through righteousness to eternal life through Jesus Christ our Lord.

Believers Are Dead to Sin, Alive to God

(AU)What shall we say then? Are we to (AV)continue in sin so that grace may increase? [r](AW)Far from it! How shall we who (AX)died to sin still live in it? Or do you not know that all of us who have been (AY)baptized into (AZ)Christ Jesus have been baptized into His death? Therefore we have been (BA)buried with Him through baptism into death, so that, just as Christ was (BB)raised from the dead through the (BC)glory of the Father, so we too may walk in (BD)newness of life. For (BE)if we have become [s]united with Him in the likeness of His death, certainly we shall also be [t]in the likeness of His resurrection, knowing this, that our (BF)old [u]self was (BG)crucified with Him, in order that our (BH)body of sin might be [v]done away with, so that we would no longer be slaves to sin; for (BI)the one who has died is [w]freed from sin.

Now (BJ)if we have died with Christ, we believe that (BK)we shall also live with Him, knowing that Christ, having been (BL)raised from the dead, [x]is never to die again; (BM)death no longer is master over Him. 10 For [y]the death that He died, He died to sin once for all time; but [z]the life that He lives, He lives to [aa]God. 11 So you too, consider yourselves to be (BN)dead to sin, but alive to God in Christ Jesus.

12 Therefore sin is not to (BO)reign in your mortal body so that you obey its lusts, 13 and do not go on (BP)presenting [ab]the parts of your body to sin as [ac]instruments of unrighteousness; but (BQ)present yourselves to God as those who are alive from the dead, and [ad]your body’s parts as [ae]instruments of righteousness for God. 14 For (BR)sin shall not (BS)be master over you, for (BT)you are not under [af]the Law but (BU)under grace.

15 What then? (BV)Are we to sin because we are not under [ag]the Law but under grace? [ah](BW)Far from it! 16 Do you not (BX)know that the one to whom you present yourselves as (BY)slaves for obedience, you are slaves of that same one whom you obey, either of (BZ)sin [ai]resulting in death, or of obedience [aj]resulting in righteousness? 17 But (CA)thanks be to God that [ak]though you were slaves of sin, you became obedient from the heart to that [al](CB)form of teaching to which you were entrusted, 18 and after being (CC)freed from sin, you became slaves to righteousness. 19 (CD)I am speaking [am]in human terms because of the weakness of your flesh. For just (CE)as you presented [an]the parts of your body as slaves to impurity and to lawlessness, [ao]resulting in further lawlessness, so now present [ap]your body’s parts as slaves to righteousness, [aq]resulting in sanctification.

20 For (CF)when you were slaves of sin, you were free in relation to righteousness. 21 Therefore what [ar](CG)benefit were you then [as]deriving from the things of which you are now ashamed? For the outcome of those things is (CH)death. 22 But now having been (CI)freed from sin and (CJ)enslaved to God, you [at]derive your [au](CK)benefit, [av]resulting in sanctification, and (CL)the outcome, eternal life. 23 For the wages of (CM)sin is death, but the gracious gift of God is (CN)eternal life in Christ Jesus our Lord.


  1. Romans 5:1 Two early mss let’s have
  2. Romans 5:2 Lit we boast; or let’s
  3. Romans 5:3 Lit we also boast; or let’s also boast
  4. Romans 5:7 Lit for
  5. Romans 5:9 Or in
  6. Romans 5:10 Or in
  7. Romans 5:11 Lit also boasting
  8. Romans 5:13 Or until law
  9. Romans 5:13 Lit credited to
  10. Romans 5:14 I.e., of God’s command
  11. Romans 5:14 Or foreshadowing
  12. Romans 5:15 Lit not as the offense, so also is the gracious gift
  13. Romans 5:16 Lit to condemnation
  14. Romans 5:16 Lit to an act of righteousness
  15. Romans 5:18 Lit to condemnation
  16. Romans 5:18 Lit to justification
  17. Romans 5:20 Or law
  18. Romans 6:2 Lit May it never happen!
  19. Romans 6:5 Or united with the likeness
  20. Romans 6:5 Or with
  21. Romans 6:6 Lit person (Gr anthropos)
  22. Romans 6:6 Or made powerless
  23. Romans 6:7 Or acquitted
  24. Romans 6:9 Lit no longer dies
  25. Romans 6:10 Lit that which He died
  26. Romans 6:10 Lit that which He lives
  27. Romans 6:10 I.e., the Father
  28. Romans 6:13 Lit your parts to sin
  29. Romans 6:13 Or weapons
  30. Romans 6:13 Lit your parts as
  31. Romans 6:13 Or weapons
  32. Romans 6:14 Or law
  33. Romans 6:15 Or law
  34. Romans 6:15 Lit May it never happen!
  35. Romans 6:16 Lit to death
  36. Romans 6:16 Lit to righteousness
  37. Romans 6:17 Lit you were slaves...but you became
  38. Romans 6:17 Or pattern
  39. Romans 6:19 I.e., reluctantly using slavery as an analogy
  40. Romans 6:19 Lit your parts as
  41. Romans 6:19 Lit to lawlessness
  42. Romans 6:19 Lit your parts as
  43. Romans 6:19 Lit to sanctification
  44. Romans 6:21 Lit fruit
  45. Romans 6:21 Lit having
  46. Romans 6:22 Lit have
  47. Romans 6:22 Lit fruit
  48. Romans 6:22 Lit to sanctification