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Everything in God’s Own Time

Everything has its own time, and there is a specific time for every activity under heaven:

a time to be born and
    a time to die,
    a time to plant and
    a time to pull out what was planted,
a time to kill and
    a time to heal,
    a time to tear down and
    a time to build up,
a time to cry and
    a time to laugh,
    a time to mourn and
    a time to dance,
a time to scatter stones and
    a time to gather them,[a]
    a time to hug and
    a time to stop hugging,
a time to start looking and
    a time to stop looking,
    a time to keep and
    a time to throw away,
a time to tear apart and
    a time to sew together,
    a time to keep quiet and
    a time to speak out,
a time to love and
    a time to hate,
    a time for war and
    a time for peace.

God Gives Mortals a Sense of Eternity

What do working people gain from their hard labor? 10 I have seen mortals weighed down with a burden that Elohim has placed on them. 11 It is beautiful how Elohim has done everything at the right time. He has put a sense of eternity in people’s minds. Yet, mortals still can’t grasp what Elohim is doing from the beginning to the end of time.

12 I realize that there’s nothing better for them to do than to be cheerful and enjoy what is good in their lives. 13 It is a gift from Elohim to be able to eat and drink and experience the good that comes from every kind of hard work.

14 I realize that whatever Elohim does will last forever. Nothing can be added to it, and nothing can be taken away from it. Elohim does this so that people will fear him.

15 Whatever has happened in the past is present now. Whatever is going to happen in the future has already happened in the past. Elohim will call the past to account.[b]

Humans and Animals Meet the Same End

16 I saw something else under the sun:

There is wickedness where justice should be found.
    There is wickedness where righteousness should be found.

17 I thought to myself, “Elohim will judge righteous people as well as wicked people, because there is a specific time for every activity and every work that is done.” 18 I thought to myself, “Elohim is going to test humans in order to show them that they are like animals.” 19 Humans and animals have the same destiny. One dies just like the other. All of them have the same breath of life. Humans have no advantage over animals. All of life is pointless. 20 All life goes to the same place. All life comes from the ground, and all of it goes back to the ground. 21 Who knows whether a human spirit goes upward or whether an animal spirit goes downward to the earth?

22 I saw that there’s nothing better for people to do than to enjoy their work because that is their lot in life. Who will allow them to see what will happen after them?


  1. Ecclesiastes 3:5 Hebrew meaning of these two lines uncertain.
  2. Ecclesiastes 3:15 Hebrew meaning of this sentence uncertain.