Song of Moses

32 Pay attention, heavens, and I will speak;
listen, earth, to the words from my mouth.(A)
Let my teaching fall like rain
and my word settle like dew,
like gentle rain on new grass
and showers on tender plants.
For I will proclaim the Lord’s name.(B)
Declare the greatness of our God!
The Rock(C)—his work is perfect;
all his ways are just.(D)
A faithful God,(E) without bias,
he is righteous and true.

His people have acted corruptly toward him;(F)
this is their defect[a]—they are not his children
but a devious and crooked generation.(G)
Is this how you repay the Lord,
you foolish and senseless people?(H)
Isn’t he your Father and Creator?[b](I)
Didn’t he make you and sustain you?
Remember the days of old;
consider the years of past generations.
Ask your father, and he will tell you,
your elders, and they will teach you.
When the Most High gave the nations their inheritance[c]
and divided the human race,(J)
he set the boundaries of the peoples(K)
according to the number of the people of Israel.[d]
But the Lord’s portion is his people,
Jacob, his own inheritance.(L)

10 He found him in a desolate land,
in a barren, howling wilderness;
he surrounded him, cared for him,(M)
and protected him as the pupil of his eye.(N)
11 He watches over[e] his nest like an eagle
and hovers over his young;
he spreads his wings, catches him,
and carries him on his feathers.(O)
12 The Lord alone led him,
with no help from a foreign god.
13 He made him ride on the heights of the land(P)
and eat the produce of the field.
He nourished him with honey from the rock
and oil from flinty rock,
14 curds from the herd and milk from the flock,
with the fat of lambs,
rams from Bashan,(Q) and goats,
with the choicest grains of wheat;
you drank wine from the finest grapes.[f]

15 Then[g] Jeshurun[h](R) became fat and rebelled—
you became fat, bloated, and gorged.
He abandoned the God who made him
and scorned the Rock of his salvation.
16 They provoked his jealousy with different gods;
they enraged him with detestable practices.(S)
17 They sacrificed to demons, not God,
to gods they had not known,
new gods that had just arrived,
which your ancestors did not fear.(T)
18 You ignored the Rock who gave you birth;
you forgot the God who gave birth to you.

19 When the Lord saw this, he despised them,
angered by his sons and daughters.
20 He said, “I will hide my face from them;(U)
I will see what will become of them,
for they are a perverse generation—
unfaithful children.
21 They have provoked my jealousy
with what is not a god;[i]
they have enraged me with their worthless idols.(V)
So I will provoke their jealousy
with what is not a people;[j]
I will enrage them with a foolish nation.(W)
22 For fire has been kindled because of my anger
and burns to the depths of Sheol;(X)
it devours the land and its produce,
and scorches the foundations of the mountains.

23 “I will pile disasters on them;
I will use up my arrows against them.
24 They will be weak from hunger,
ravaged by pestilence and bitter plague;
I will unleash on them wild beasts with fangs,
as well as venomous snakes that slither in the dust.
25 Outside, the sword will take their children,
and inside, there will be terror;
the young man and the young woman will be killed,
the infant and the gray-haired man.(Y)

26 “I would have said: I will cut them to pieces[k]
and blot out the memory of them from mankind,(Z)
27 if I had not feared provocation from the enemy,
or feared that these foes might misunderstand
and say, ‘Our own hand has prevailed;
it wasn’t the Lord who did all this.’”

28 Israel is a nation lacking sense
with no understanding at all.(AA)
29 If only they were wise, they would comprehend this;
they would understand their fate.
30 How could one pursue a thousand,
or two put ten thousand to flight,(AB)
unless their Rock had sold them,
unless the Lord had given them up?(AC)
31 But their “rock” is not like our Rock,
as even our enemies concede.
32 For their vine is from the vine of Sodom
and from the fields of Gomorrah.
Their grapes are poisonous;
their clusters are bitter.
33 Their wine is serpents’ venom,
the deadly poison of cobras.(AD)

34 “Is it not stored up with me,
sealed up in my vaults?
35 Vengeance and retribution belong to me.[l](AE)
In time their foot will slip,
for their day of disaster is near,
and their doom is coming quickly.”
36 The Lord will indeed vindicate his people
and have compassion on his servants(AF)
when he sees that their strength is gone
and no one is left—slave or free.[m]
37 He will say, “Where are their gods,
the ‘rock’ they found refuge in?
38 Who ate the fat of their sacrifices
and drank the wine of their drink offerings?
Let them rise up and help you;
let it[n] be a shelter for you.
39 See now that I alone am he;
there is no God but me.(AG)
I bring death and I give life;
I wound and I heal.
No one can rescue anyone from my power.(AH)
40 I raise my hand to heaven and declare:
As surely as I live forever,
41 when I sharpen my flashing sword,
and my hand takes hold of judgment,
I will take vengeance on my adversaries
and repay those who hate me.
42 I will make my arrows drunk with blood
while my sword devours flesh—
the blood of the slain and the captives,
the heads of the enemy leaders.”[o]

43 Rejoice, you nations, concerning his people,[p](AI)
for he will avenge the blood of his servants.[q]
He will take vengeance on his adversaries;[r](AJ)
he will purify his land and his people.[s]

44 Moses came with Joshua[t] son of Nun and recited all the words of this song in the presence of the people. 45 After Moses finished reciting all these words to all Israel, 46 he said to them, “Take to heart all these words I am giving as a warning to you today,(AK) so that you may command your children to follow all the words of this law carefully.(AL) 47 For they are not meaningless words to you but they are your life,(AM) and by them you will live long in the land you are crossing the Jordan to possess.”

Moses’s Impending Death

48 On that same day the Lord spoke to Moses,(AN) 49 “Go up Mount Nebo(AO) in the Abarim range in the land of Moab, across from Jericho, and view the land of Canaan I am giving the Israelites as a possession. 50 Then you will die on the mountain that you go up, and you will be gathered to your people,(AP) just as your brother Aaron died on Mount Hor and was gathered to his people.(AQ) 51 For both of you broke faith with me among the Israelites at the Waters of Meribath-kadesh in the Wilderness of Zin by failing to treat me as holy in their presence. 52 Although from a distance you will view the land that I am giving the Israelites, you will not go there.”(AR)


  1. 32:5 Or him; through their fault; Hb obscure
  2. 32:6 Or Possessor
  3. 32:8 Or Most High divided the nations
  4. 32:8 One DSS reads number of the sons of God; LXX reads number of the angels of God
  5. 32:11 Or He stirs up
  6. 32:14 Lit drank the blood of grapes, fermenting wine
  7. 32:15 DSS, Sam, LXX add Jacob ate his fill;
  8. 32:15 = Upright One, referring to Israel
  9. 32:21 Lit with no gods
  10. 32:21 Lit with no people
  11. 32:26 LXX reads will scatter them
  12. 32:35 MT; LXX, reads On a day of vengeance I will repay.
  13. 32:36 Or left—even the weak and impaired; Hb obscure
  14. 32:38 Sam, LXX, Tg, Vg read them
  15. 32:42 Or the long-haired heads of the enemy
  16. 32:43 LXX reads Rejoice, you heavens, along with him, and let all the sons of God worship him; rejoice, you nations, with his people, and let all the angels of God strengthen themselves in him; DSS read Rejoice, you heavens, along with him, and let all the angels worship him; Heb 1:6
  17. 32:43 DSS, LXX read sons
  18. 32:43 DSS, LXX add and he will repay those who hate him; v. 41
  19. 32:43 Syr, Tg; DSS, Sam, LXX, Vg read his people’s land
  20. 32:44 LXX, Syr, Vg; MT reads Hoshea; Nm 13:8,16

ע Ayin

121 I have done what is just and right;(A)
do not leave me to my oppressors.
122 Guarantee your servant’s well-being;(B)
do not let the arrogant oppress me.
123 My eyes grow weary(C) looking for your salvation
and for your righteous promise.
124 Deal with your servant based on your faithful love;(D)
teach me your statutes.
125 I am your servant;(E) give me understanding(F)
so that I may know your decrees.
126 It is time for the Lord to act,(G)
for they have violated your instruction.
127 Since I love your commands(H)
more than gold, even the purest gold,
128 I carefully follow all your precepts(I)
and hate every false way.(J)

פ Pe

129 Your decrees are wondrous;(K)
therefore I obey them.(L)
130 The revelation of your words(M) brings light
and gives understanding to the inexperienced.(N)
131 I open my mouth and pant(O)
because I long for your commands.
132 Turn to me and be gracious to me,(P)
as is your practice toward those who love your name.
133 Make my steps steady through your promise;(Q)
don’t let any sin dominate me.(R)
134 Redeem me from human oppression,(S)
and I will keep your precepts.
135 Make your face shine on your servant,(T)
and teach me your statutes.(U)
136 My eyes pour out streams of tears(V)
because people do not follow your instruction.

צ Tsade

137 You are righteous, Lord,(W)
and your judgments are just.
138 The decrees you issue are righteous
and altogether trustworthy.(X)
139 My anger overwhelms me
because my foes forget your words.(Y)
140 Your word is completely pure,(Z)
and your servant loves it.(AA)
141 I am insignificant and despised,(AB)
but I do not forget your precepts.(AC)
142 Your righteousness is an everlasting righteousness,
and your instruction is true.(AD)
143 Trouble and distress have overtaken me,
but your commands are my delight.(AE)
144 Your decrees are righteous forever.(AF)
Give me understanding, and I will live.

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Sin and Redemption

59 Indeed, the Lord’s arm is not too weak to save,(A)
and his ear is not too deaf to hear.
But your iniquities(B) are separating you
from your God,
and your sins have hidden his face from you(C)
so that he does not listen.(D)
For your hands are defiled with blood
and your fingers, with iniquity;
your lips have spoken lies,
and your tongues mutter injustice.
No one makes claims justly;
no one pleads honestly.
They trust in empty and worthless words;
they conceive trouble and give birth to iniquity.(E)
They hatch viper’s eggs
and weave spider’s webs.
Whoever eats their eggs will die;
crack one open, and a viper is hatched.
Their webs cannot become clothing,
and they cannot cover themselves with their works.
Their works are sinful works,
and violent acts are in their hands.
Their feet run after evil,(F)
and they rush to shed innocent blood.(G)
Their thoughts are sinful thoughts;(H)
ruin and wretchedness are in their paths.

They have not known the path of peace,(I)
and there is no justice in their ways.
They have made their roads crooked;
no one who walks on them will know peace.(J)
Therefore justice is far from us,
and righteousness does not reach us.
We hope for light, but there is darkness;
for brightness, but we live in the night.
10 We grope along a wall like the blind;
we grope like those without eyes.(K)
We stumble at noon as though it were twilight;
we are like the dead among those who are healthy.
11 We all growl like bears
and moan like doves.(L)
We hope for justice, but there is none;
for salvation, but it is far from us.
12 For our transgressions have multiplied before you,(M)
and our sins testify against us.(N)
For our transgressions are with us,
and we know our iniquities:(O)
13 transgression and deception against the Lord,
turning away from following our God,
speaking oppression and revolt,
conceiving and uttering lying words from the heart.
14 Justice is turned back,
and righteousness stands far off.
For truth has stumbled in the public square,
and honesty cannot enter.
15 Truth is missing,
and whoever turns from evil is plundered.
The Lord saw that there was no justice,
and he was offended.
16 He saw that there was no man—
he was amazed that there was no one interceding;(P)
so his own arm brought salvation,
and his own righteousness supported him.

17 He put on righteousness as body armor,
and a helmet of salvation on his head;(Q)
he put on garments of vengeance for clothing,
and he wrapped himself in zeal as in a cloak.(R)
18 So he will repay according to their deeds:(S)
fury to his enemies,
retribution to his foes,
and he will repay the coasts and islands.
19 They will fear the name of the Lord in the west
and his glory in the east;[a](T)
for he will come like a rushing stream(U)
driven by the wind of the Lord.
20 “The Redeemer(V) will come to Zion,
and to those in Jacob who turn from transgression.”(W)
This is the Lord’s declaration.

21 “As for me, this is my covenant with them,”(X) says the Lord: “My Spirit who is on you, and my words that I have put in your mouth,(Y) will not depart from your mouth, or from the mouths of your children, or from the mouths of your children’s children, from now on and forever,” says the Lord.


  1. 59:19 Lit sunrise

Do Not Judge

“Do not judge, so that you won’t be judged.(A) For you will be judged by the same standard with which you judge others, and you will be measured by the same measure you use.(B) Why do you look at the splinter in your brother’s eye but don’t notice the beam of wood in your own eye?(C) Or how can you say to your brother, ‘Let me take the splinter out of your eye,’ and look, there’s a beam of wood in your own eye? Hypocrite! First take the beam of wood out of your eye, and then you will see clearly to take the splinter out of your brother’s eye. Don’t give what is holy to dogs or toss your pearls before pigs,(D) or they will trample them under their feet, turn, and tear you to pieces.

Ask, Search, Knock

“Ask,(E) and it will be given to you.(F) Seek, and you will find. Knock, and the door[a] will be opened to you. For everyone who asks receives, and the one who seeks finds,(G) and to the one who knocks, the door will be opened. Who among you, if his son asks him for bread, will give him a stone? 10 Or if he asks for a fish, will give him a snake? 11 If you then, who are evil,(H) know how to give good gifts to your children, how much more will your Father in heaven give good things to those who ask him. 12 Therefore, whatever you want others to do for you, do also the same for them, for this is the Law and the Prophets.(I)

Entering the Kingdom

13 “Enter through the narrow gate.(J) For the gate is wide and the road broad that leads to destruction,(K) and there are many who go through it. 14 How narrow is the gate and difficult the road that leads to life, and few find it.

15 “Be on your guard against false prophets(L) who come to you in sheep’s(M) clothing(N) but inwardly are ravaging wolves.(O) 16 You’ll recognize them by their fruit.(P) Are grapes gathered from thornbushes or figs from thistles?(Q) 17 In the same way, every good tree produces good fruit, but a bad tree produces bad fruit. 18 A good tree can’t produce bad fruit; neither can a bad tree produce good fruit. 19 Every tree that doesn’t produce good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire.(R) 20 So you’ll recognize them by their fruit.(S)

21 “Not everyone who says to me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ will enter the kingdom of heaven,(T) but only the one who does the will(U) of my Father in heaven.(V) 22 On that day many will say to me, ‘Lord, Lord, didn’t we prophesy in your name, drive out demons(W) in your name, and do many miracles in your name?’(X) 23 Then I will announce to them, ‘I never knew you. Depart from me, you lawbreakers![b][c](Y)

The Two Foundations

24 “Therefore,(Z) everyone who hears these words(AA) of mine and acts on them will be like a wise man who built his house on the rock. 25 The rain fell, the rivers rose, and the winds blew and pounded that house. Yet it didn’t collapse, because its foundation was on the rock. 26 But everyone who hears these words of mine and doesn’t act on them will be like a foolish man who built his house on the sand. 27 The rain fell, the rivers rose, the winds blew and pounded that house, and it collapsed. It collapsed with a great crash.”

28 When Jesus had finished saying these things,(AB) the crowds were astonished at his teaching,(AC) 29 because he was teaching them like one who had authority, and not like their scribes.


  1. 7:7 Lit and it
  2. 7:23 Lit you who work lawlessness
  3. 7:23 Ps 6:8

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