Conquests Recounted

(A)Then we turned and went up the road to Bashan, and Og, king of Bashan, came out [a]with all his people to meet us in battle at Edrei. But the Lord said to me, ‘Do not fear him, for I have handed him and all his people and his land over to you; and you shall do to him just as you did to Sihon king of the Amorites, who lived in Heshbon.’ So the Lord our God also handed over to us Og, king of Bashan, with all his people, and we struck [b]them until no survivor was [c]left. We captured all his cities at that time; there was not a city which we did not take from them: sixty cities, all the region of (B)Argob, the kingdom of Og in Bashan. All these were cities fortified with high walls, gates, and bars, besides a great many [d]unwalled towns. We [e]utterly destroyed them, as we did to (C)Sihon king of Heshbon, [f](D)utterly destroying [g]the men, women, and children of every city. (E)But all the animals and the spoils of the cities we took as our plunder.

(F)So at that time we took the land from the hand of the two kings of the Amorites who were beyond the Jordan, from the [h]Valley of Arnon to Mount Hermon (Sidonians (G)call Hermon (H)Sirion, and the Amorites call it (I)Senir): 10 all the cities of the plateau, all Gilead, and (J)all Bashan, as far as Salecah and Edrei, cities of the kingdom of Og in Bashan. 11 (For only Og king of Bashan was left of the remnant of the (K)Rephaim. Behold, his [i]bed was a [j]bed of iron; it is in (L)Rabbah of the sons of Ammon. Its length was nine cubits, and its width four cubits by [k]the usual cubit.)

12 “So we took possession of this land at that time. From (M)Aroer, which is by the [l]Valley of Arnon, and half the hill country of (N)Gilead and its cities I gave to the Reubenites and to the Gadites. 13 The rest of Gilead and all Bashan, the kingdom of Og, I gave to the half-tribe of Manasseh, all the region of Argob. (As to all Bashan, it is called the land of Rephaim. 14 (O)Jair the son of Manasseh took all the region of Argob as far as the border of the Geshurites and the Maacathites, that is, Bashan, and named [m]it after his own name: [n]Havvoth-jair, as it is to this day.) 15 (P)To Machir I gave Gilead. 16 To the Reubenites and the Gadites I gave from Gilead even as far as the [o]Valley of Arnon, the middle of the [p]valley [q]as a border, and as far as the [r]river (Q)Jabbok, the border of the sons of Ammon; 17 the Arabah also, with the Jordan [s]as a border, from [t](R)Chinnereth (S)even as far as the sea of the Arabah, (T)the Salt Sea, [u]at the foot of the slopes of Pisgah on the east.

18 “Then I commanded you at that time, saying, ‘(U)The Lord your God has given you this land to possess it; (V)all you [v]valiant men shall cross over armed ahead of your brothers, the sons of Israel. 19 (W)However, your wives, your little ones, and your livestock (I know that you have (X)much livestock) shall remain in your cities which I have given you, 20 (Y)until the Lord gives rest to your fellow countrymen as to you, and they also take possession of the land which the Lord your God is giving them beyond the Jordan. (Z)Then you may return, each man to his possession which I have given you.’ 21 And I commanded Joshua at that time, saying, ‘Your eyes have seen everything that the Lord your God has done to these two kings; the Lord will do the same to all the kingdoms into which you are about to cross. 22 Do not fear them, for the Lord your God (AA)is the One fighting for you.’

23 “I also pleaded with the Lord at that time, saying, 24 ‘Lord [w]God, You have begun to show Your servant (AB)Your greatness and Your strong hand; for what (AC)god is there in heaven or on earth who can do such works and mighty acts as Yours? 25 Please let me cross over and see the (AD)good land that is beyond the Jordan, [x]that good hill country, and Lebanon.’ 26 But (AE)the Lord was angry with me on your account, and would not listen to me; instead, the Lord said to me, ‘[y]Enough! Do not speak to Me any more about this matter. 27 Go up to the top of (AF)Pisgah and raise your eyes to the west, the north, the south, and the east, and see it with your eyes; (AG)for you shall not cross over this Jordan. 28 (AH)But commission Joshua and encourage him and strengthen him, (AI)for he shall go across [z]leading this people, and he will give to them, as an inheritance, the land which you will see.’ 29 So we remained in the valley opposite (AJ)Beth-peor.

Israel Urged to Obey God’s Law

“Now, Israel, listen to the statutes and the judgments which (AK)I am teaching you to perform, so that (AL)you will live and go in and take possession of the land which the Lord, the God of your fathers, is giving you. (AM)You shall not add to the word which (AN)I am commanding you, nor take away from it, so that you may keep the commandments of the Lord your God which I am commanding you. (AO)Your eyes have seen what the Lord has done in the case of Baal-peor, for all the men who followed Baal-peor, the Lord your God has destroyed [aa]them from among you. But you who clung to the Lord your God are alive today, every one of you.

“See, I have taught you statutes and judgments (AP)just as the Lord my God commanded me, that you are to do these things in the land where you are entering to take possession of it. So keep and do them, (AQ)for that is your wisdom and your understanding in the sight of the peoples who will hear all these statutes and say, ‘Surely this great nation is a wise and understanding people.’ For (AR)what great nation is there that has a god (AS)so near to it as is the Lord our God (AT)whenever we call on Him? Or what great nation is there that has (AU)statutes and judgments as righteous as this whole Law which I am setting before you today?

“Only (AV)be careful for yourself and watch over your soul diligently, so that you do not forget the things which your eyes have seen and they do not depart from your heart (AW)all the days of your life; but (AX)make them known to your sons and your grandsons. 10 Remember the day you stood before the Lord your God at Horeb, when the Lord said to me, ‘Assemble the people to Me, that I may have them hear My words (AY)so that they may learn to [ab]fear Me all the days that they live on the earth, and that they may (AZ)teach their children.’ 11 You came forward and stood at the foot of the mountain, (BA)and the mountain was burning with fire to the heart of the heavens: darkness, cloud, and thick gloom. 12 Then the Lord spoke to you from the midst of the fire; you heard the sound of words, but you saw no form—there was only a voice. 13 So He declared to you His covenant which He commanded you to perform, that is, (BB)the Ten [ac]Commandments; and (BC)He wrote them on two tablets of stone. 14 The Lord commanded me at that time to teach you statutes and judgments, so that you would perform them in the land where you are going over to take possession of it.

15 “So (BD)be very careful [ad]yourselves, since you did not see any (BE)form on the day the Lord spoke to you at Horeb from the midst of the fire, 16 so that you do not (BF)act corruptly and (BG)make a carved image for yourselves in the form of any figure, a representation of male or female, 17 a representation of any animal that is on the earth, a representation of (BH)any winged bird that flies in the sky, 18 a representation of anything that crawls on the ground, or a representation of any fish that is in the water below the earth. 19 And be careful not to raise your eyes to heaven and look at the sun, the moon, and the stars, (BI)all the heavenly [ae]lights, (BJ)and allow yourself to be drawn away and worship them and serve them, things which the Lord your God has allotted to all the peoples under the whole heaven. 20 But the Lord has taken you and brought you out of (BK)the iron furnace, from Egypt, to (BL)be a people of His own possession, as today.

21 (BM)Now the Lord was angry with me on your account, and He swore that I would not cross the Jordan, and that I would not enter the good land which the Lord your God is giving you as an inheritance. 22 For (BN)I am going to die in this land; I am not crossing the Jordan, but you are going to cross, and you will take possession of this (BO)good land. 23 So be careful [af]yourselves, (BP)that you do not forget the covenant of the Lord your God which He made with you, and (BQ)make for yourselves a carved image in the form of anything against which the Lord your God has commanded you. 24 For the Lord your God is a (BR)consuming fire, a (BS)jealous God.

25 “When you father children and have [ag]grandchildren, and you grow old in the land, and you (BT)act corruptly, and (BU)make [ah]an idol in the form of anything, and (BV)do what is evil in the sight of the Lord your God to provoke Him to anger, 26 I (BW)call heaven and earth as witnesses against you today, that you will (BX)certainly perish quickly from the land where you are going over the Jordan to take possession of it. You will not [ai]live long on it, but will be utterly destroyed. 27 The Lord will (BY)scatter you among the peoples, and you will be left few in number among the nations where the Lord drives you. 28 (BZ)There you will serve gods, the work of human hands, (CA)wood and stone, (CB)which neither see nor hear, nor eat nor smell anything. 29 (CC)But from there you will seek the Lord your God, and you will find Him if you search for Him (CD)with all your heart and all your soul. 30 When you (CE)are in distress and all these things happen to you, (CF)in the latter days (CG)you will return to the Lord your God and listen to His voice. 31 For the Lord your God is a (CH)compassionate God; (CI)He will not abandon you nor (CJ)destroy you, nor (CK)forget the covenant with your fathers which He swore to them.

32 “Indeed, (CL)ask now about the earlier days that were [aj]before your time, since the (CM)day that God created [ak]mankind on the earth, and inquire (CN)from one end of the heavens to the other. (CO)Has anything been done like this great thing, or has anything been heard like it? 33 (CP)Has any people heard the voice of God speaking from the midst of the fire, as you have heard it, and survived? 34 (CQ)Or has a god ventured to go to take for himself a nation from within another nation (CR)by trials, by signs and wonders, by war, (CS)by a mighty hand, by an outstretched arm, and by great terrors, [al]just as the Lord your God did for you in Egypt before your eyes? 35 You were shown these things so that you might know that the Lord, He is God; (CT)there is no other besides Him. 36 (CU)Out of the heavens He let you hear His voice (CV)to discipline you; and on earth He let you see His great fire, and you heard His words from the midst of the fire. 37 (CW)Because He loved your fathers, He chose [am]their descendants after them. And He [an](CX)personally brought you from Egypt by His great power, 38 driving out from before you nations greater and mightier than you, to bring you in and (CY)to give you their land as an inheritance, as it is today. 39 Therefore know today, and take it to your heart, that (CZ)the Lord, He is God in heaven above and on the earth below; there is no other. 40 (DA)So you shall keep His statutes and His commandments which I am [ao]giving you today, so that (DB)it may go well for you and for your children after you, and (DC)that you may [ap]live long on the land which the Lord your God is giving you for all time.”

41 (DD)Then Moses set apart three cities across the Jordan to the [aq]east, 42 for [ar]one to flee there who unintentionally killed his neighbor, without having hatred for him in time past; and by fleeing to one of these cities he might live: 43 (DE)Bezer in the wilderness on the plateau for the Reubenites, Ramoth in Gilead for the Gadites, and Golan in Bashan for the Manassites.

44 Now this is the Law which Moses set before the sons of Israel; 45 these are the testimonies and the statutes, and the ordinances which Moses spoke to the sons of Israel, when they came out of Egypt, 46 across the Jordan, in the valley (DF)opposite Beth-peor, in the land of (DG)Sihon king of the Amorites who lived in Heshbon, whom Moses and the sons of Israel [as]defeated when they came out of Egypt. 47 And they took possession of his land and the land of (DH)Og king of Bashan, the two kings of the Amorites, who were across the Jordan to the [at]east, 48 from (DI)Aroer, which is on the edge of the [au]Valley of Arnon, even as far as (DJ)Mount Sion (that is, Hermon), 49 with all the Arabah across the Jordan to the east, even as far as the sea of the Arabah, [av]at the foot of the slopes of Pisgah.

Footnotes

  1. Deuteronomy 3:1 Lit he and
  2. Deuteronomy 3:3 Lit him
  3. Deuteronomy 3:3 Lit left to him
  4. Deuteronomy 3:5 Or rural
  5. Deuteronomy 3:6 Or put them under the ban
  6. Deuteronomy 3:6 Or putting under the ban
  7. Deuteronomy 3:6 Lit every city of men...
  8. Deuteronomy 3:8 Or wadi
  9. Deuteronomy 3:11 Or couch
  10. Deuteronomy 3:11 Or couch
  11. Deuteronomy 3:11 Lit by a man’s forearm; about 14 ft. long and 6 ft. wide or 4 m and 1.8 m
  12. Deuteronomy 3:12 Or wadi
  13. Deuteronomy 3:14 Lit them
  14. Deuteronomy 3:14 I.e., the towns of Jair
  15. Deuteronomy 3:16 Or wadi
  16. Deuteronomy 3:16 Or wadi
  17. Deuteronomy 3:16 Lit and
  18. Deuteronomy 3:16 Or wadi
  19. Deuteronomy 3:17 Lit and
  20. Deuteronomy 3:17 I.e., the Sea of Galilee
  21. Deuteronomy 3:17 Lit under
  22. Deuteronomy 3:18 Lit sons of valor
  23. Deuteronomy 3:24 Heb YHWH, usually rendered Lord
  24. Deuteronomy 3:25 Lit this
  25. Deuteronomy 3:26 Lit Much for you
  26. Deuteronomy 3:28 Lit before this
  27. Deuteronomy 4:3 Lit him
  28. Deuteronomy 4:10 Or revere
  29. Deuteronomy 4:13 Lit Words
  30. Deuteronomy 4:15 Or for your own lives
  31. Deuteronomy 4:19 Lit host
  32. Deuteronomy 4:23 Or for yourselves
  33. Deuteronomy 4:25 Lit children’s children
  34. Deuteronomy 4:25 Or a carved image
  35. Deuteronomy 4:26 Lit prolong your days
  36. Deuteronomy 4:32 Lit before you
  37. Deuteronomy 4:32 Or Adam
  38. Deuteronomy 4:34 Lit according to all that
  39. Deuteronomy 4:37 Lit his seed
  40. Deuteronomy 4:37 Lit with His presence
  41. Deuteronomy 4:40 Lit commanding
  42. Deuteronomy 4:40 Lit prolong your days
  43. Deuteronomy 4:41 Lit sunrise
  44. Deuteronomy 4:42 Lit one who committed manslaughter
  45. Deuteronomy 4:46 Lit struck
  46. Deuteronomy 4:47 Lit sunrise
  47. Deuteronomy 4:48 Or wadi
  48. Deuteronomy 4:49 Lit under