The Blessings at Mount Gerizim

28 (A)Now it shall be, if you diligently [a]obey the Lord your God, being careful to do all His commandments which I am commanding you today, that the Lord your God (B)will put you high above all the nations of the earth. And all these blessings will come to you and (C)reach you if you [b]obey the Lord your God:

“Blessed will you be in the city, and blessed will you be (D)in the [c]country.

“Blessed will be the [d]children of your womb, the [e]produce of your ground, and the [f]offspring of your animals: the newborn of your herd and the young of your flock.

“Blessed will be your basket and your kneading bowl.

“Blessed will you be (E)when you come in, and blessed will you be when you go out.

“The Lord will cause your enemies who rise up against you to be [g]defeated by you; they will go out against you one way and will flee at your presence seven ways. The Lord will command the blessing for you in your [h]barns and in (F)everything that you put your hand to, and He will bless you in the land that the Lord your God is giving you. (G)The Lord will establish you as a holy people to Himself, as He swore to you, if you keep the commandments of the Lord your God and walk in His ways. 10 So all the peoples of the earth will see that [i](H)you are called by the name of the Lord, and they will be afraid of you. 11 (I)And the Lord will give you more than enough prosperity, in the [j]children of your womb, in the [k]offspring of your livestock, and in the [l]produce of your ground, in the land which the Lord swore to your fathers to give you. 12 The Lord will open for you His good storehouse, the heavens, to give rain to your land in its season and to bless every work of your hand; and (J)you will lend to many nations, but you will not borrow. 13 (K)And the Lord will make you the head and not the tail, and you will only be above, and not be underneath, if you listen to the commandments of the Lord your God which I am commanding you today, to [m]follow them carefully, 14 and (L)do not turn aside from any of the words which I am commanding you today, to the right or the left, to pursue other gods to serve them.

Consequences of Disobedience

15 (M)But it shall come about, if you do not [n]obey the Lord your God, to be careful to [o]follow all His commandments and His statutes which I am commanding you today, that all these curses will come upon you and overtake you:

16 (N)Cursed will you be in the city, and cursed will you be in the [p]country.

17 (O)Cursed will be your basket and your kneading bowl.

18 (P)Cursed will be the [q]children of your womb, the [r]produce of your ground, the newborn of your herd, and the offspring of your flock.

19 (Q)Cursed will you be when you come in, and cursed will you be when you go out.

20 (R)The Lord will send against you curses, panic, and (S)rebuke, in [s]everything you undertake to do, until you are destroyed and until (T)you perish quickly, on account of the evil of your deeds, because you have abandoned Me. 21 (U)The Lord will make the plague cling to you until He has eliminated you from the land where you are entering to take possession of it. 22 (V)The Lord will strike you with consumption, inflammation, fever, feverish heat, and with [t]the sword, (W)with blight, and with mildew, and they will pursue you until (X)you perish. 23 [u]The heaven which is over your head shall be bronze, and the earth which is under you, iron. 24 (Y)The Lord will make the rain of your land powder and dust; from heaven it shall come down on you until you are destroyed.

25 (Z)The Lord will cause you to be defeated by your enemies; you will go out one way against them, but you will flee seven ways from their presence, and you will (AA)be an example of terror to all the kingdoms of the earth. 26 (AB)Your dead bodies will [v]serve as food for all birds of the sky and for the animals of the earth, and there will be no one to frighten them away.

27 (AC)The Lord will strike you with the boils of Egypt and with (AD)tumors, the festering rash, and with scabies, from which you cannot be healed. 28 The Lord will strike you with insanity, blindness, and with confusion of [w]mind; 29 and you will be (AE)groping about at noon, just as a person who is blind gropes in the darkness, and you will not be successful in your ways; but you will only be [x]oppressed and robbed all the time, with no one to save you. 30 (AF)You will [y]betroth a woman, but another man will [z]violate her; (AG)you will build a house, but you will not live in it; you will plant a vineyard, but you will not make use of its fruit. 31 Your ox will be slaughtered before your eyes, but you will not eat of it; your donkey will be snatched away from you, and will not [aa]be restored to you; your [ab]sheep will be given to your enemies, and you will have no one to save you. 32 (AH)Your sons and your daughters will be given to another people, while your eyes look on and long for them constantly; but there will be nothing [ac]you can do. 33 (AI)A people whom you do not know will eat the produce of your ground and every product of your labor, and you will never be anything but oppressed and mistreated continually. 34 You will also be driven insane by the sight of [ad]what you see. 35 (AJ)The Lord will strike you on the knees and thighs with severe boils from which you cannot be healed, and strike you from the sole of your foot to the top of your head. 36 (AK)The Lord will bring you and your king, whom you appoint over you, to a nation that neither you nor your fathers have known, and there you shall serve other gods, made of (AL)wood and stone. 37 And (AM)you will become an object of horror, a song of mockery, and an object of taunting among all the peoples where the Lord drives you.

38 (AN)You will bring out a great amount of seed to the field, but you will gather in little, because (AO)the locust will devour it. 39 (AP)You will plant and cultivate vineyards, but you will neither drink of the wine nor bring in the harvest, because the worm will eat it. 40 (AQ)You will have olive trees throughout your territory but you will not anoint yourself with the oil, because your olives will drop off prematurely. 41 (AR)You will father sons and daughters but they will not remain yours, because they will go into captivity. 42 (AS)The cricket will take possession of all your trees and the produce of your ground. 43 (AT)The stranger who is among you will rise above you higher and higher, and you will go down lower and lower. 44 (AU)He will lend to you, but you will not lend to him; (AV)he will be the head, and you will be the tail.

45 “So all these curses shall come upon you and pursue you and overtake you (AW)until you are destroyed, because you would not [ae]obey the Lord your God by keeping His commandments and His statutes which He commanded you. 46 And they will become (AX)a sign and a wonder [af]against you and your [ag]descendants forever.

47 (AY)Since you did not serve the Lord your God with joy and a cheerful heart, in gratitude for the abundance of all things, 48 you will serve your enemies whom the Lord will send against you, (AZ)in hunger, thirst, nakedness, and devoid of all things; and He (BA)will put an iron yoke on your neck until He has destroyed you.

49 (BB)The Lord will bring a nation against you from far away, from the end of the earth, (BC)as the eagle swoops down; a nation whose language you will not understand, 50 a nation [ah]with a defiant attitude, who will (BD)have no respect for the old, nor show favor to the young. 51 Furthermore, it will eat the [ai]offspring of your herd and the produce of your ground until you are destroyed; a nation that will leave you no grain, new wine, or oil, nor the newborn of your cattle or the young of your flock, until they have eliminated you. 52 (BE)And it will besiege you in all your [aj]towns until your high and fortified walls in which you trusted come down throughout your land, and it will besiege you in all your [ak]towns throughout your land which the Lord your God has given you. 53 (BF)Then you will eat the [al]offspring of your own body, the flesh of your sons and of your daughters whom the Lord your God has given you, during the siege and the hardship by which your enemy will [am]oppress you. 54 The man who is [an]refined and very delicate among you [ao]will be hostile toward his brother, toward the wife [ap]he cherishes, and toward the rest of his children who are left, 55 so that he will not give even one of them any of the flesh of his children which he will eat, since he has nothing else left, during the siege and the hardship by which your enemy will [aq]oppress you in all your [ar]towns. 56 (BG)The [as]refined and delicate woman among you, who would not venture to set the sole of her foot on the ground because of her delicateness and tenderness, [at]will be hostile toward the husband [au]she cherishes and toward her son and daughter, 57 and toward her afterbirth that comes from between her [av]legs, and toward her children to whom she gives birth, because (BH)she will eat them secretly for lack of anything else, during the siege and the hardship with which your enemy will [aw]oppress you in your [ax]towns.

58 “If you are not careful to [ay]follow all the words of this Law that are written in this book, to [az](BI)fear this honored and awesome (BJ)name, [ba]the Lord your God, 59 then the Lord will bring extraordinary plagues on you and [bb]your descendants, [bc]severe and lasting plagues, and miserable and chronic sicknesses. 60 (BK)And He will bring back on you every disease of Egypt of which you were afraid, and they will cling to you. 61 Also every sickness and every plague, which are not written in the book of this Law, the Lord will bring on you (BL)until you are destroyed. 62 Then you will be left few in [bd]number, (BM)whereas you were as numerous as the stars of heaven, because you did not [be]obey the Lord your God. 63 And it will come about that, just as the Lord (BN)rejoiced over you to be good to you, and make you numerous, so will the Lord (BO)rejoice over you to wipe you out and destroy you; and you will be (BP)torn away from the land which you are entering to possess. 64 Furthermore, the Lord will (BQ)scatter you among all the peoples, from one end of the earth to [bf]the other; and there you will (BR)serve other gods, made of wood and stone, which you and your fathers have not known. 65 (BS)Among those nations you will find no peace, and there will be no resting place for the sole of your foot; but there (BT)the Lord will give you a trembling heart, failing of eyes, and despair of soul. 66 So your lives will be [bg]hanging in doubt before you; and you will be terrified night and day, and have no assurance of your life. 67 (BU)In the morning you will say, ‘If only it were evening!’ And at evening you will say, ‘If only it were morning!’ because of the terror of your heart which you fear, and the sight of your eyes which you will see. 68 And the Lord will bring you back to Egypt in ships, by the way about which I said to you, ‘You will never see it again!’ And there you will offer yourselves for sale to your enemies as male and female slaves, but there will be no buyer.”

The Covenant in Moab

29 [bh](BV)These are the words of the covenant which the Lord commanded Moses to make with the sons of Israel in the land of Moab, besides the (BW)covenant which He had made with them at Horeb.

[bi]And Moses summoned all Israel and said to them, “You have seen all that the Lord did before your eyes in the land of Egypt to Pharaoh and all his servants, and to all his land; (BX)the great trials which your eyes have seen, those great signs and wonders. Yet to this day (BY)the Lord has not given you a heart to know, nor eyes to see, nor ears to hear. And I have led you in the wilderness for forty years; (BZ)your clothes have not worn out on you, and your sandal has not worn out on your foot. (CA)You have not eaten bread, nor have you drunk wine or other strong drink, in order that you might know that I am the Lord your God. (CB)When you [bj]reached this place, Sihon the king of Heshbon and Og the king of Bashan came out to meet us for battle, but we [bk]defeated them; and we took their land and (CC)gave it as an inheritance to the Reubenites, the Gadites, and the half-tribe of the Manassites. (CD)So you will keep the words of this covenant and do them, (CE)in order that you may be successful in everything that you do.

10 “You stand today, all of you, before the Lord your God: your heads, your tribes, your elders and your officers, that is, all the men of Israel, 11 your little ones, your wives, and the stranger who is within your camps, from (CF)the one who gathers your firewood to the one who draws your water, 12 so that you may enter into the covenant with the Lord your God, and into His oath which the Lord your God is making with you today, 13 in order that He may establish you today as His people, and that (CG)He may be your God, just as He spoke to you and as He swore to your fathers, to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

14 “Now it is not with you alone that I am (CH)making this covenant and this oath, 15 (CI)but both with those who stand here with us today in the presence of the Lord our God, and with those who are not with us here today 16 (for you know how we lived in the land of Egypt, and how we passed through the midst of the nations through which you passed; 17 moreover, you have seen their abominations and their idols made of (CJ)wood and stone, silver and gold, which they had with them); 18 (CK)so that there will not be among you a man or woman, or family or tribe, whose heart turns away today from the Lord our God, to go to serve the gods of those nations; that there will not be among you (CL)a root bearing poisonous fruit and wormwood. 19 And it shall be when he hears the words of this curse, that he will consider himself fortunate in his heart, saying, ‘I will do well though I walk in the stubbornness of my heart in order [bl]to destroy the watered land along with the dry.’ 20 The Lord will not be willing to forgive him, but rather the anger of the Lord and (CM)His wrath will [bm](CN)burn against that person, and every curse that is written in this book will lie upon him, and the Lord will (CO)wipe out his name from under heaven. 21 Then the Lord will single him out for disaster from all the tribes of Israel, in accordance with all the curses of the covenant (CP)which is written in this Book of the Law.

22 “Now the future generation, your sons who rise up after you and (CQ)the foreigner who comes from a distant land, when they see the plagues of that land and the diseases with which the Lord has afflicted it, will say, 23 ‘All its land is (CR)brimstone and salt, (CS)burned debris, [bn]unsown and unproductive, and no grass grows on it, like the overthrow of (CT)Sodom and Gomorrah, Admah and Zeboiim, which the Lord overthrew in His anger and in His wrath.’ 24 All the nations will say, ‘(CU)Why has the Lord done all this to this land? Why this great [bo]outburst of anger?’ 25 Then people will say, ‘It is (CV)because they abandoned the covenant of the Lord, the God of their fathers, which He made with them when He brought them out of the land of Egypt. 26 And they went and served other gods and worshiped them, gods that they have not known and whom He had not [bp]assigned to them. 27 Therefore, the anger of the Lord burned against that land, (CW)to bring upon it every curse which is written in this book; 28 and (CX)the Lord uprooted them from their land in anger, fury, and in great wrath, and hurled them into another land, as it is this day.’

29 (CY)The secret things belong to the Lord our God, but (CZ)the things revealed belong to us and to our sons forever, so that we may [bq]follow all the words of this Law.

Footnotes

  1. Deuteronomy 28:1 Lit listen to the voice of
  2. Deuteronomy 28:2 Lit listen to the voice of
  3. Deuteronomy 28:3 Lit field
  4. Deuteronomy 28:4 Lit fruit
  5. Deuteronomy 28:4 Lit fruit
  6. Deuteronomy 28:4 Lit fruit
  7. Deuteronomy 28:7 Lit struck
  8. Deuteronomy 28:8 Or storehouses
  9. Deuteronomy 28:10 Lit the name of the Lord is called upon you
  10. Deuteronomy 28:11 Lit fruit
  11. Deuteronomy 28:11 Lit fruit
  12. Deuteronomy 28:11 Lit fruit
  13. Deuteronomy 28:13 Lit be careful and to perform
  14. Deuteronomy 28:15 Lit listen to the voice of
  15. Deuteronomy 28:15 Lit perform
  16. Deuteronomy 28:16 Lit field
  17. Deuteronomy 28:18 Lit fruit
  18. Deuteronomy 28:18 Lit fruit
  19. Deuteronomy 28:20 Lit every putting forth of your hand which you do
  20. Deuteronomy 28:22 Another reading is drought
  21. Deuteronomy 28:23 Lit Your
  22. Deuteronomy 28:26 Lit be for
  23. Deuteronomy 28:28 Lit heart
  24. Deuteronomy 28:29 Or exploited
  25. Deuteronomy 28:30 A betrothed couple was considered legally married, but did not yet live together
  26. Deuteronomy 28:30 Or be intimate with
  27. Deuteronomy 28:31 Lit return to
  28. Deuteronomy 28:31 Or flock
  29. Deuteronomy 28:32 Lit to the power of your hand
  30. Deuteronomy 28:34 Lit your eyes which you
  31. Deuteronomy 28:45 Lit listen to the voice of
  32. Deuteronomy 28:46 Or on
  33. Deuteronomy 28:46 Lit seed
  34. Deuteronomy 28:50 Lit defiant-faced
  35. Deuteronomy 28:51 Lit fruit
  36. Deuteronomy 28:52 Lit gates
  37. Deuteronomy 28:52 Lit gates
  38. Deuteronomy 28:53 Lit fruit of your womb
  39. Deuteronomy 28:53 Or torment
  40. Deuteronomy 28:54 Or spoiled and pampered
  41. Deuteronomy 28:54 Lit his eye will be evil toward
  42. Deuteronomy 28:54 Lit of his breast
  43. Deuteronomy 28:55 Or torment
  44. Deuteronomy 28:55 Lit gates
  45. Deuteronomy 28:56 Or spoiled and pampered
  46. Deuteronomy 28:56 Lit her eye shall be evil toward
  47. Deuteronomy 28:56 Lit of her breast
  48. Deuteronomy 28:57 Lit feet
  49. Deuteronomy 28:57 Or torment
  50. Deuteronomy 28:57 Lit gates
  51. Deuteronomy 28:58 Lit perform
  52. Deuteronomy 28:58 Or revere
  53. Deuteronomy 28:58 Heb YHWH
  54. Deuteronomy 28:59 Lit plagues on your seed
  55. Deuteronomy 28:59 Lit great
  56. Deuteronomy 28:62 Lit people
  57. Deuteronomy 28:62 Lit listen to the voice of
  58. Deuteronomy 28:64 Lit the end of the earth
  59. Deuteronomy 28:66 Lit be hung for you in front
  60. Deuteronomy 29:1 Ch 28:69 in Heb
  61. Deuteronomy 29:2 Ch 29:1 in Heb
  62. Deuteronomy 29:7 Lit came to
  63. Deuteronomy 29:7 Lit struck
  64. Deuteronomy 29:19 I.e., to destroy everything
  65. Deuteronomy 29:20 Lit smoke
  66. Deuteronomy 29:23 Lit it is not sown and does not make plants sprout
  67. Deuteronomy 29:24 Lit heat
  68. Deuteronomy 29:26 Lit apportioned
  69. Deuteronomy 29:29 Lit perform