1 I am Amos. And I raised sheep near the town of Tekoa[a] when Uzziah was king of Judah and Jeroboam[b] son of Jehoash[c] was king of Israel.
Two years before the earthquake,[d] the Lord gave me several messages[e] about Israel, 2 and I said:
When the Lord roars from Jerusalem, pasturelands and Mount Carmel dry up and turn brown.
Judgment on Syria
3 The Lord said:
I will punish Syria[f] for countless crimes, and I won’t change my mind. They dragged logs with spikes[g] over the people of Gilead. 4 Now I will burn down the palaces and fortresses of King Hazael and of King Benhadad.[h] 5 I will break through the gates of Damascus. I will destroy the people[i] of Wicked Valley[j] and the ruler of Beth-Eden.[k] Then the Syrians will be dragged as prisoners to Kir.[l] I, the Lord, have spoken!
Judgment on Philistia
6 The Lord said:
I will punish Philistia[m] for countless crimes, and I won’t change my mind. They dragged off my people[n] from town after town to sell them as slaves to the Edomites.
7 That’s why I will burn down the walls and fortresses of the city of Gaza. 8 I will destroy the king[o] of Ashdod and the ruler of Ashkelon. I will strike down Ekron,[p] and that will be the end of the Philistines. I, the Lord, have spoken!
Judgment on Phoenicia
9 The Lord said:
I will punish Phoenicia[q] for countless crimes, and I won’t change my mind. They broke their treaty and dragged off my people[r] from town after town to sell them as slaves to the Edomites. 10 That’s why I will send flames to burn down the city of Tyre along with its fortresses.
Judgment on Edom
11 The Lord said:
I will punish Edom for countless crimes, and I won’t change my mind. They killed their own relatives[s] and were so terribly furious that they showed no mercy. 12 Now I will send fire to wipe out the fortresses of Teman and Bozrah.[t]
Judgment on Ammon
13 The Lord said:
I will punish Ammon for countless crimes, and I won’t change my mind. In Gilead they ripped open pregnant women, just to take the land.
14 Now I will send fire to destroy the walls and fortresses of Rabbah.[u] Enemies will shout and attack like a whirlwind. 15 Ammon’s king and leaders will be dragged away. I, the Lord, have spoken!
1.1Tekoa: In the hill country of Judah about five miles south of Bethlehem.
1.1Uzziah. . . Jeroboam: Uzziah was king of Judah 781-740 B.C., and Jeroboam II was king of Israel 783-743 B.C.
1.1Jehoash: The Hebrew text has “Joash,” another spelling of the name.
1.1Two years. . . earthquake: Possibly the earthquake of 760 B.C., which seems to have been especially violent.
1.5Wicked Valley: The Hebrew text has “Aven Valley,” probably the fertile valley between the Lebanon and the anti-Lebanon mountains.
1.5I will. . . Beth-Eden: Or “I will destroy the people of Wicked Valley and the king who rules from Beth-Eden.” Beth-Eden was a city-state on the banks of the Euphrates River.
1.5Kir: The exact location of this country is not known; in 9.7 Amos refers to Kir as the original home of the Syrians, and so the verse probably means that the Syrians will lose everything they have gained as a people.
1.6Philistia: The Hebrew text has “Gaza,” one of the main Philistine cities.
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