30 “After forty years had passed, an angel appeared to Moses in the flames of a burning bush in the desert near Mount Sinai. 31 When he saw this, he was amazed at the sight. As he went over to get a closer look, he heard the Lord say:(A) 32 ‘I am the God of your fathers,(B) the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob.’[a] Moses trembled with fear and did not dare to look.(C)

33 “Then the Lord said to him, ‘Take off your sandals, for the place where you are standing is holy ground.(D) 34 I have indeed seen the oppression of my people in Egypt. I have heard their groaning and have come down to set them free. Now come, I will send you back to Egypt.’[b](E)

35 “This is the same Moses they had rejected with the words, ‘Who made you ruler and judge?’(F) He was sent to be their ruler and deliverer by God himself, through the angel who appeared to him in the bush. 36 He led them out of Egypt(G) and performed wonders and signs(H) in Egypt, at the Red Sea(I) and for forty years in the wilderness.(J)

37 “This is the Moses who told the Israelites, ‘God will raise up for you a prophet like me from your own people.’[c](K) 38 He was in the assembly in the wilderness, with the angel(L) who spoke to him on Mount Sinai, and with our ancestors;(M) and he received living words(N) to pass on to us.(O)

39 “But our ancestors refused to obey him. Instead, they rejected him and in their hearts turned back to Egypt.(P) 40 They told Aaron, ‘Make us gods who will go before us. As for this fellow Moses who led us out of Egypt—we don’t know what has happened to him!’[d](Q) 41 That was the time they made an idol in the form of a calf. They brought sacrifices to it and reveled in what their own hands had made.(R) 42 But God turned away from them(S) and gave them over to the worship of the sun, moon and stars.(T) This agrees with what is written in the book of the prophets:

“‘Did you bring me sacrifices and offerings
    forty years in the wilderness, people of Israel?
43 You have taken up the tabernacle of Molek
    and the star of your god Rephan,
    the idols you made to worship.
Therefore I will send you into exile’[e](U) beyond Babylon.

44 “Our ancestors had the tabernacle of the covenant law(V) with them in the wilderness. It had been made as God directed Moses, according to the pattern he had seen.(W) 45 After receiving the tabernacle, our ancestors under Joshua brought it with them when they took the land from the nations God drove out before them.(X) It remained in the land until the time of David,(Y) 46 who enjoyed God’s favor and asked that he might provide a dwelling place for the God of Jacob.[f](Z) 47 But it was Solomon who built a house for him.(AA)

48 “However, the Most High(AB) does not live in houses made by human hands.(AC) As the prophet says:

49 “‘Heaven is my throne,
    and the earth is my footstool.(AD)
What kind of house will you build for me?
says the Lord.
    Or where will my resting place be?
50 Has not my hand made all these things?’[g](AE)

51 “You stiff-necked people!(AF) Your hearts(AG) and ears are still uncircumcised. You are just like your ancestors: You always resist the Holy Spirit! 52 Was there ever a prophet your ancestors did not persecute?(AH) They even killed those who predicted the coming of the Righteous One. And now you have betrayed and murdered him(AI) 53 you who have received the law that was given through angels(AJ) but have not obeyed it.”

The Stoning of Stephen

54 When the members of the Sanhedrin heard this, they were furious(AK) and gnashed their teeth at him. 55 But Stephen, full of the Holy Spirit,(AL) looked up to heaven and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing at the right hand of God.(AM) 56 “Look,” he said, “I see heaven open(AN) and the Son of Man(AO) standing at the right hand of God.”

57 At this they covered their ears and, yelling at the top of their voices, they all rushed at him, 58 dragged him out of the city(AP) and began to stone him.(AQ) Meanwhile, the witnesses(AR) laid their coats(AS) at the feet of a young man named Saul.(AT)

59 While they were stoning him, Stephen prayed, “Lord Jesus, receive my spirit.”(AU) 60 Then he fell on his knees(AV) and cried out, “Lord, do not hold this sin against them.”(AW) When he had said this, he fell asleep.(AX)

And Saul(AY) approved of their killing him.

The Church Persecuted and Scattered

On that day a great persecution broke out against the church in Jerusalem, and all except the apostles were scattered(AZ) throughout Judea and Samaria.(BA) Godly men buried Stephen and mourned deeply for him. But Saul(BB) began to destroy the church.(BC) Going from house to house, he dragged off both men and women and put them in prison.


  1. Acts 7:32 Exodus 3:6
  2. Acts 7:34 Exodus 3:5,7,8,10
  3. Acts 7:37 Deut. 18:15
  4. Acts 7:40 Exodus 32:1
  5. Acts 7:43 Amos 5:25-27 (see Septuagint)
  6. Acts 7:46 Some early manuscripts the house of Jacob
  7. Acts 7:50 Isaiah 66:1,2

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