Pentecost and the Coming of the Holy Spirit

And when the day of Pentecost had come, they were all together in the same place. And suddenly a sound like a violent rushing wind came from heaven and filled the whole house where they were sitting. And divided[a] tongues like fire appeared to them and rested on each one of them. And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit and began to speak in other languages[b] as the Spirit gave them ability to speak out.

Now there were Jews residing in Jerusalem, devout men from every nation under heaven. And when[c] this sound occurred, the crowd gathered and was in confusion, because each one was hearing them speaking in his own language. And they were astounded and astonished, saying, “Behold, are not all these who are speaking Galileans? And how do we hear, each one of us, in our own native language?[d] Parthians and Medes and Elamites and those residing in Mesopotamia, Judea and Cappadocia, Pontus and Asia,[e] 10 Phrygia and Pamphylia, Egypt and the parts of Libya toward Cyrene, and the Romans who were in town, 11 both Jews and proselytes, Cretans and Arabs—we hear them speaking in our own languages the great deeds of God!” 12 And all were amazed and greatly perplexed, saying to one another,[f]What can this mean?[g] 13 But others jeered and[h] said, “They are full of sweet new wine!”

Peter’s Sermon on the Day of Pentecost

14 But Peter, standing with the eleven, raised his voice and declared to them, “Judean men, and all those who live in Jerusalem, let this be known to you, and pay attention to my words! 15 For these men are not drunk, as you assume, because it is the third hour of the day. 16 But this is what was spoken through the prophet Joel:

17 ‘And it will be in the last days,’ God says,
    ‘I will pour out my Spirit on all flesh,
        and your sons and your daughters will prophesy,
        and your young men will see visions,
        and your old men will dream dreams.
18 And even on my male slaves and on my female slaves
    I will pour out my Spirit in those days, and they will prophesy.
19 And I will cause wonders in the heaven[i] above
    and signs on the earth below,
    blood and fire and vapor of smoke.
20 The sun will be changed to darkness
    and the moon to blood,
    before the great and glorious day of the Lord comes.
21 And it will be that everyone who calls upon the name of the Lord will be saved.’[j]

22 “Israelite men, listen to these words! Jesus the Nazarene, a man attested to you by God with deeds of power and wonders and signs that God did through him in your midst, just as you yourselves know— 23 this man, delivered up by the determined plan and foreknowledge of God, you executed by[k] nailing to a cross[l] through the hand of lawless men. 24 God raised him[m] up, having brought to an end the pains of death, because it was not possible for him to be held by it. 25 For David says with reference to him,

‘I saw the Lord before me continually,[n]
    for he is at my right hand so that I will not be shaken.
26 For this reason my heart was glad
    and my tongue rejoiced greatly,
    furthermore also my flesh will live in hope,
27 because you will not abandon my soul in Hades,
    nor will you permit your Holy One to experience decay.
28 You have made known to me the paths of life;
    you will fill me with gladness with your presence.’[o]

29 “Men and brothers, it is possible to speak with confidence to you about the patriarch David, that he both died and was buried, and his tomb is with us until this day. 30 Therefore, because he[p] was a prophet and knew that God had sworn to him with an oath to seat one of his descendants[q] on his throne, 31 by[r] having foreseen this,[s] he spoke about the resurrection of the Christ,[t] that neither was he abandoned in Hades nor did his flesh experience decay. 32 This Jesus God raised up, of which[u] we all are witnesses. 33 Therefore, having been exalted to the right hand of God and having received the promise of the Holy Spirit from the Father, he has poured out this that you see and hear.[v] 34 For David did not ascend into heaven, but he himself says,

‘The Lord said to my Lord,
“Sit at my right hand,
35 until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet.”’[w]

36 Therefore let all the house of Israel know beyond a doubt, that God has made him both Lord and Christ—this Jesus whom you crucified!”

The Response to Peter’s Sermon

37 Now when they[x] heard this,[y] they were pierced to the heart and said to Peter and the other apostles, “What should we do, men and brothers?” 38 And Peter said[z] to them, “Repent and be baptized, each one of you, in the name of Jesus Christ for the forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the gift of the Holy Spirit. 39 For the promise is for you and for your children, and for all those who are far away, as many as the Lord our God calls to himself.” 40 And with many other words he solemnly urged and exhorted them, saying, “Be saved from this crooked generation!” 41 So those who accepted his message were baptized, and on that day about three thousand souls were added.

The Fellowship of the First Believers

42 And they were devoting themselves to the teaching of the apostles and to fellowship, to the breaking of bread and to prayers. 43 And fear came on every soul, and many wonders and signs were being performed by the apostles. 44 And all who believed were in the same place, and had everything in common. 45 And they began selling[aa] their[ab] possessions and property, and distributing these things to all, to the degree that anyone had need. 46 And every day, devoting themselves to meeting[ac] with one purpose in the temple courts[ad] and breaking bread from house to house, they were eating their food with joy and simplicity of heart, 47 praising God and having favor with all the people. And the Lord was adding every day to the total of those who were being saved.


  1. Acts 2:3 Or perhaps “distributed”
  2. Acts 2:4 Or “tongues”
  3. Acts 2:6 Here “when” is supplied as a component of the temporal genitive absolute participle (“happened”)
  4. Acts 2:8 Literally “our own language in which we were born”
  5. Acts 2:9 A reference to the Roman province of Asia (modern Asia Minor)
  6. Acts 2:12 Literally “one to the other”
  7. Acts 2:12 Literally “what does this want to be”
  8. Acts 2:13 Here “and” is supplied because the previous participle (“jeered”) has been translated as a finite verb
  9. Acts 2:19 Or “sky”
  10. Acts 2:21 A quotation from Joel 2:28–32
  11. Acts 2:23 Here “by” is supplied as a component of the participle (“nailing to”) which is understood as means
  12. Acts 2:23 The words “a cross” are not in the Greek text but are implied by the nature of the verb
  13. Acts 2:24 Literally “whom”; it is necessary to specify “him” in the translation to avoid confusion with the “lawless men” in the previous verse
  14. Acts 2:25 Literally “through everything”
  15. Acts 2:28 A quotation from Ps 16:8–11
  16. Acts 2:30 Here “because” is supplied as a component of the participle (“was”) which is understood as causal
  17. Acts 2:30 Literally “from the fruit of his loins”
  18. Acts 2:31 Here “by” is supplied as a component of the participle (“having foreseen”) which is understood as means
  19. Acts 2:31 *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
  20. Acts 2:31 Or “Messiah”
  21. Acts 2:32 Or “of whom,” referring to Jesus
  22. Acts 2:33 Some manuscripts have “both see and hear”
  23. Acts 2:35 A quotation from Ps 110:1
  24. Acts 2:37 Here “when” is supplied as a component of the participle (“heard”) which is understood as temporal
  25. Acts 2:37 *Here the direct object is supplied from context in the English translation
  26. Acts 2:38 Some manuscripts explicitly add “said”
  27. Acts 2:45 The imperfect tense has been translated as ingressive here (“began selling”)
  28. Acts 2:45 Literally “the”; the Greek article is used here as a possessive pronoun
  29. Acts 2:46 The words “to meeting” are not in the Greek text but are implied
  30. Acts 2:46 Here “courts” is supplied to distinguish this area from the interior of the temple building itself