The Reign and Captivity of Jehoahaz(A)

31 (B)Jehoahaz was twenty-three years old when he became king, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was (C)Hamutal the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah. 32 And he did evil in the sight of the Lord, according to all that his fathers had done. 33 Now Pharaoh Necho put him in prison (D)at Riblah in the land of Hamath, that he might not reign in Jerusalem; and he imposed on the land a tribute of one hundred talents of silver and a talent of gold. 34 Then (E)Pharaoh Necho made Eliakim the son of Josiah king in place of his father Josiah, and (F)changed his name to (G)Jehoiakim. And Pharaoh took Jehoahaz (H)and went to Egypt, and [a]he died there.

Jehoiakim Reigns in Judah(I)

35 So Jehoiakim gave (J)the silver and gold to Pharaoh; but he taxed the land to give money according to the command of Pharaoh; he exacted the silver and gold from the people of the land, from every one according to his assessment, to give it to Pharaoh Necho. 36 (K)Jehoiakim was twenty-five years old when he became king, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was Zebudah the daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah. 37 And he did evil in the sight of the Lord, according to all that his fathers had done.

Judah Overrun by Enemies

24 In (L)his days Nebuchadnezzar king of (M)Babylon came up, and Jehoiakim became his vassal for three years. Then he turned and rebelled against him. (N)And the Lord sent against him raiding [b]bands of Chaldeans, bands of Syrians, bands of Moabites, and bands of the people of Ammon; He sent them against Judah to destroy it, (O)according to the word of the Lord which He had spoken by His servants the prophets. Surely at the commandment of the Lord this came upon Judah, to remove them from His sight (P)because of the sins of Manasseh, according to all that he had done, (Q)and also because of the innocent blood that he had shed; for he had filled Jerusalem with innocent blood, which the Lord would not pardon.

Now the rest of the acts of Jehoiakim, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? (R)So Jehoiakim rested with his fathers. Then Jehoiachin his son reigned in his place.

And (S)the king of Egypt did not come out of his land anymore, for (T)the king of Babylon had taken all that belonged to the king of Egypt from the Brook of Egypt to the River Euphrates.

The Reign and Captivity of Jehoiachin(U)

(V)Jehoiachin[c] was eighteen years old when he became king, and he reigned in Jerusalem three months. His mother’s name was Nehushta the daughter of Elnathan of Jerusalem. And he did evil in the sight of the Lord, according to all that his father had done.

10 (W)At that time the servants of Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came up against Jerusalem, and the city [d]was besieged. 11 And Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon came against the city, as his servants were besieging it. 12 (X)Then Jehoiachin king of Judah, his mother, his servants, his princes, and his officers went out to the king of Babylon; and the king of Babylon, (Y)in the eighth year of his reign, took him prisoner.

The Captivity of Jerusalem

13 (Z)And he carried out from there all the treasures of the house of the Lord and the treasures of the king’s house, and he (AA)cut in pieces all the articles of gold which Solomon king of Israel had made in the temple of the Lord, (AB)as the Lord had said. 14 Also (AC)he carried into captivity all Jerusalem: all the captains and all the mighty men of valor, (AD)ten thousand captives, and (AE)all the craftsmen and smiths. None remained except (AF)the poorest people of the land. 15 And (AG)he carried Jehoiachin captive to Babylon. The king’s mother, the king’s wives, his officers, and the mighty of the land he carried into captivity from Jerusalem to Babylon. 16 (AH)All the valiant men, seven thousand, and craftsmen and smiths, one thousand, all who were strong and fit for war, these the king of Babylon brought captive to Babylon.

Zedekiah Reigns in Judah(AI)

17 Then (AJ)the king of Babylon made Mattaniah, (AK)Jehoiachin’s[e] uncle, king in his place, and (AL)changed his name to Zedekiah.

18 (AM)Zedekiah was twenty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem. His mother’s name was (AN)Hamutal the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah. 19 (AO)He also did evil in the sight of the Lord, according to all that Jehoiakim had done. 20 For because of the anger of the Lord this happened in Jerusalem and Judah, that He finally cast them out from His presence. (AP)Then Zedekiah rebelled against the king of Babylon.

The Fall and Captivity of Judah(AQ)

25 Now it came to pass (AR)in the ninth year of his reign, in the tenth month, on the tenth day of the month, that Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon and all his army came against Jerusalem and encamped against it; and they built a siege wall against it all around. So the city was besieged until the eleventh year of King Zedekiah. By the ninth day of the (AS)fourth month the famine had become so severe in the city that there was no food for the people of the land.

Then (AT)the city wall was broken through, and all the men of war fled at night by way of the gate between two walls, which was by the king’s garden, even though the Chaldeans were still encamped all around against the city. And (AU)the king[f] went by way of the [g]plain. But the army of the Chaldeans pursued the king, and they overtook him in the plains of Jericho. All his army was scattered from him. So they took the king and brought him up to the king of Babylon (AV)at Riblah, and they pronounced judgment on him. Then they killed the sons of Zedekiah before his eyes, (AW)put[h] out the eyes of Zedekiah, bound him with bronze fetters, and took him to Babylon.

And in the fifth month, (AX)on the seventh day of the month (which was (AY)the nineteenth year of King Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon), (AZ)Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard, a servant of the king of Babylon, came to Jerusalem. (BA)He burned the house of the Lord (BB)and the king’s house; all the houses of Jerusalem, that is, all the houses of the great, (BC)he burned with fire. 10 And all the army of the Chaldeans who were with the captain of the guard (BD)broke down the walls of Jerusalem all around.

11 Then Nebuzaradan the captain of the guard carried away captive (BE)the rest of the people who remained in the city and the defectors who had deserted to the king of Babylon, with the rest of the multitude. 12 But the captain of the guard (BF)left some of the poor of the land as vinedressers and farmers. 13 (BG)The bronze (BH)pillars that were in the house of the Lord, and (BI)the carts and (BJ)the bronze Sea that were in the house of the Lord, the Chaldeans broke in pieces, and (BK)carried their bronze to Babylon. 14 They also took away (BL)the pots, the shovels, the trimmers, the spoons, and all the bronze utensils with which the priests ministered. 15 The firepans and the basins, the things of solid gold and solid silver, the captain of the guard took away. 16 The two pillars, one Sea, and the carts, which Solomon had made for the house of the Lord, (BM)the bronze of all these articles was beyond measure. 17 (BN)The height of one pillar was [i]eighteen cubits, and the capital on it was of bronze. The height of the capital was three cubits, and the network and pomegranates all around the capital were all of bronze. The second pillar was the same, with a network.

18 (BO)And the captain of the guard took (BP)Seraiah the chief priest, (BQ)Zephaniah the second priest, and the three doorkeepers. 19 He also took out of the city an officer who had charge of the men of war, (BR)five men of [j]the king’s close associates who were found in the city, the chief recruiting officer of the army, who mustered the people of the land, and sixty men of the people of the land who were found in the city. 20 So Nebuzaradan, captain of the guard, took these and brought them to the king of Babylon at Riblah. 21 Then the king of Babylon struck them and put them to death at Riblah in the land of Hamath. (BS)Thus Judah was carried away captive from its own land.

Gedaliah Made Governor of Judah(BT)

22 Then he made Gedaliah the son of (BU)Ahikam, the son of Shaphan, governor over (BV)the people who remained in the land of Judah, whom Nebuchadnezzar king of Babylon had left. 23 Now when all the (BW)captains of the armies, they and their men, heard that the king of Babylon had made Gedaliah governor, they came to Gedaliah at Mizpah—Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, Johanan the son of Careah, Seraiah the son of Tanhumeth the Netophathite, and [k]Jaazaniah the son of a Maachathite, they and their men. 24 And Gedaliah took an oath before them and their men, and said to them, “Do not be afraid of the servants of the Chaldeans. Dwell in the land and serve the king of Babylon, and it shall be well with you.”

25 But (BX)it happened in the seventh month that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, the son of Elishama, of the royal family, came with ten men and struck and killed Gedaliah, the Jews, as well as the Chaldeans who were with him at Mizpah. 26 And all the people, small and great, and the captains of the armies, arose (BY)and went to Egypt; for they were afraid of the Chaldeans.

Jehoiachin Released from Prison(BZ)

27 (CA)Now it came to pass in the thirty-seventh year of the captivity of Jehoiachin king of Judah, in the twelfth month, on the twenty-seventh day of the month, that [l]Evil-Merodach king of Babylon, in the year that he began to reign, (CB)released Jehoiachin king of Judah from prison. 28 He spoke kindly to him, and gave him a more prominent seat than those of the kings who were with him in Babylon. 29 So Jehoiachin changed from his prison garments, and he (CC)ate [m]bread regularly before the king all the days of his life. 30 And as for his [n]provisions, there was a [o]regular ration given him by the king, a portion for each day, all the days of his life.


  1. 2 Kings 23:34 Jehoahaz
  2. 2 Kings 24:2 troops
  3. 2 Kings 24:8 Jeconiah, 1 Chr. 3:16; Jer. 24:1; or Coniah, Jer. 22:24, 28
  4. 2 Kings 24:10 Lit. came into siege
  5. 2 Kings 24:17 Lit. his
  6. 2 Kings 25:4 Lit. he
  7. 2 Kings 25:4 Or Arabah, the Jordan Valley
  8. 2 Kings 25:7 blinded
  9. 2 Kings 25:17 About 27 feet
  10. 2 Kings 25:19 Lit. those seeing the king’s face
  11. 2 Kings 25:23 Jezaniah, Jer. 40:8
  12. 2 Kings 25:27 Lit. Man of Marduk
  13. 2 Kings 25:29 Food
  14. 2 Kings 25:30 Lit. allowance
  15. 2 Kings 25:30 Lit. allowance

17 “Now (A)it happened, when I returned to Jerusalem and was praying in the temple, that I was in a trance 18 and (B)saw Him saying to me, (C)‘Make haste and get out of Jerusalem quickly, for they will not receive your testimony concerning Me.’ 19 So I said, ‘Lord, (D)they know that in every synagogue I imprisoned and (E)beat those who believe on You. 20 (F)And when the blood of Your martyr Stephen was shed, I also was standing by (G)consenting [a]to his death, and guarding the clothes of those who were killing him.’ 21 Then He said to me, ‘Depart, (H)for I will send you far from here to the Gentiles.’

Paul’s Roman Citizenship

22 And they listened to him until this word, and then they raised their voices and said, (I)“Away with such a fellow from the earth, for (J)he is not fit to live!” 23 Then, as they cried out and [b]tore off their clothes and threw dust into the air, 24 the commander ordered him to be brought into the barracks, and said that he should be examined under scourging, so that he might know why they shouted so against him. 25 And as they bound him with thongs, Paul said to the centurion who stood by, (K)“Is it lawful for you to scourge a man who is a Roman, and uncondemned?”

26 When the centurion heard that, he went and told the commander, saying, “Take care what you do, for this man is a Roman.”

27 Then the commander came and said to him, “Tell me, are you a Roman?”

He said, “Yes.”

28 The commander answered, “With a large sum I obtained this citizenship.”

And Paul said, “But I was born a citizen.

29 Then immediately those who were about to examine him withdrew from him; and the commander was also afraid after he found out that he was a Roman, and because he had bound him.

The Sanhedrin Divided

30 The next day, because he wanted to know for certain why he was accused by the Jews, he released him from his bonds, and commanded the chief priests and all their council to appear, and brought Paul down and set him before them.

The Jerusalem Jews Plot to Kill Paul

23 Then Paul, looking earnestly at the council, said, “Men and brethren, (L)I have lived in all good conscience before God until this day.” And the high priest Ananias commanded those who stood by him (M)to strike him on the mouth. Then Paul said to him, “God will strike you, you whitewashed wall! For you sit to judge me according to the law, and (N)do you command me to be struck contrary to the law?”

And those who stood by said, “Do you revile God’s high priest?”

Then Paul said, (O)“I did not know, brethren, that he was the high priest; for it is written, (P)‘You shall not speak evil of a ruler of your people.’

But when Paul perceived that one part were Sadducees and the other Pharisees, he cried out in the council, “Men and brethren, (Q)I am a Pharisee, the son of a Pharisee; (R)concerning the hope and resurrection of the dead I am being judged!”

And when he had said this, a dissension arose between the Pharisees and the Sadducees; and the assembly was divided. (S)For Sadducees say that there is no resurrection—and no angel or spirit; but the Pharisees confess both. Then there arose a loud outcry. And the scribes of the Pharisees’ party arose and protested, saying, (T)“We find no evil in this man; [c]but (U)if a spirit or an angel has spoken to him, (V)let us not fight against God.”

10 Now when there arose a great dissension, the commander, fearing lest Paul might be pulled to pieces by them, commanded the soldiers to go down and take him by force from among them, and bring him into the barracks.


  1. Acts 22:20 NU omits to his death
  2. Acts 22:23 Lit. threw
  3. Acts 23:9 NU what if a spirit or an angel has spoken to him? omitting the last clause

The Messiah’s Triumph and Kingdom(A)

Why (B)do the [a]nations [b]rage,
And the people plot a [c]vain thing?
The kings of the earth set themselves,
And the (C)rulers take counsel together,
Against the Lord and against His (D)Anointed,[d] saying,
“Let (E)us break Their bonds in pieces
And cast away Their cords from us.”

He who sits in the heavens (F)shall laugh;
The Lord shall hold them in derision.
Then He shall speak to them in His wrath,
And distress them in His deep displeasure:
“Yet I have [e]set My King
[f]On My holy hill of Zion.”

“I will declare the [g]decree:
The Lord has said to Me,
(G)‘You are My Son,
Today I have begotten You.
Ask of Me, and I will give You
The nations for Your inheritance,
And the ends of the earth for Your possession.
(H)You shall [h]break them with a rod of iron;
You shall dash them to pieces like a potter’s vessel.’ ”

10 Now therefore, be wise, O kings;
Be instructed, you judges of the earth.
11 Serve the Lord with fear,
And rejoice with trembling.
12 [i]Kiss the Son, lest [j]He be angry,
And you perish in the way,
When (I)His wrath is kindled but a little.
(J)Blessed are all those who put their trust in Him.

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  1. Psalm 2:1 Gentiles
  2. Psalm 2:1 throng tumultuously
  3. Psalm 2:1 worthless or empty
  4. Psalm 2:2 Christ, Commissioned One, Heb. Messiah
  5. Psalm 2:6 Lit. installed
  6. Psalm 2:6 Lit. Upon Zion, the hill of My holiness
  7. Psalm 2:7 Or decree of the Lord: He said to Me
  8. Psalm 2:9 So with MT, Tg.; LXX, Syr., Vg. rule (cf. Rev. 2:27)
  9. Psalm 2:12 LXX, Vg. Embrace discipline; Tg. Receive instruction
  10. Psalm 2:12 LXX the Lord

13 He who answers a matter before he hears it,
It is folly and shame to him.

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