In the eighteenth year of his reign, King Josiah sent the secretary, Shaphan(A) son of Azaliah, the son of Meshullam, to the temple of the Lord. He said: “Go up to Hilkiah(B) the high priest and have him get ready the money that has been brought into the temple of the Lord, which the doorkeepers have collected(C) from the people. Have them entrust it to the men appointed to supervise the work on the temple. And have these men pay the workers who repair(D) the temple of the Lord the carpenters, the builders and the masons. Also have them purchase timber and dressed stone to repair the temple.(E) But they need not account for the money entrusted to them, because they are honest in their dealings.”(F)

Hilkiah the high priest said to Shaphan the secretary, “I have found the Book of the Law(G) in the temple of the Lord.” He gave it to Shaphan, who read it. Then Shaphan the secretary went to the king and reported to him: “Your officials have paid out the money that was in the temple of the Lord and have entrusted it to the workers and supervisors at the temple.” 10 Then Shaphan the secretary informed the king, “Hilkiah the priest has given me a book.” And Shaphan read from it in the presence of the king.(H)

11 When the king heard the words of the Book of the Law,(I) he tore his robes. 12 He gave these orders to Hilkiah the priest, Ahikam(J) son of Shaphan, Akbor son of Micaiah, Shaphan the secretary and Asaiah the king’s attendant:(K) 13 “Go and inquire(L) of the Lord for me and for the people and for all Judah about what is written in this book that has been found. Great is the Lord’s anger(M) that burns against us because those who have gone before us have not obeyed the words of this book; they have not acted in accordance with all that is written there concerning us.”

14 Hilkiah the priest, Ahikam, Akbor, Shaphan and Asaiah went to speak to the prophet(N) Huldah, who was the wife of Shallum son of Tikvah, the son of Harhas, keeper of the wardrobe. She lived in Jerusalem, in the New Quarter.

15 She said to them, “This is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says: Tell the man who sent you to me, 16 ‘This is what the Lord says: I am going to bring disaster(O) on this place and its people, according to everything written in the book(P) the king of Judah has read. 17 Because they have forsaken(Q) me and burned incense to other gods and aroused my anger by all the idols their hands have made,[a] my anger will burn against this place and will not be quenched.’ 18 Tell the king of Judah, who sent you to inquire(R) of the Lord, ‘This is what the Lord, the God of Israel, says concerning the words you heard: 19 Because your heart was responsive and you humbled(S) yourself before the Lord when you heard what I have spoken against this place and its people—that they would become a curse[b](T) and be laid waste(U)—and because you tore your robes and wept in my presence, I also have heard you, declares the Lord. 20 Therefore I will gather you to your ancestors, and you will be buried in peace.(V) Your eyes(W) will not see all the disaster I am going to bring on this place.’”

So they took her answer back to the king.

Josiah Renews the Covenant(X)(Y)(Z)(AA)

23 Then the king called together all the elders of Judah and Jerusalem. He went up to the temple of the Lord with the people of Judah, the inhabitants of Jerusalem, the priests and the prophets—all the people from the least to the greatest. He read(AB) in their hearing all the words of the Book of the Covenant,(AC) which had been found in the temple of the Lord. The king stood by the pillar(AD) and renewed the covenant(AE) in the presence of the Lord—to follow(AF) the Lord and keep his commands, statutes and decrees with all his heart and all his soul, thus confirming the words of the covenant written in this book. Then all the people pledged themselves to the covenant.

The king ordered Hilkiah the high priest, the priests next in rank and the doorkeepers(AG) to remove(AH) from the temple of the Lord all the articles made for Baal and Asherah and all the starry hosts. He burned them outside Jerusalem in the fields of the Kidron Valley and took the ashes to Bethel. He did away with the idolatrous priests appointed by the kings of Judah to burn incense on the high places of the towns of Judah and on those around Jerusalem—those who burned incense(AI) to Baal, to the sun and moon, to the constellations and to all the starry hosts.(AJ) He took the Asherah pole from the temple of the Lord to the Kidron Valley(AK) outside Jerusalem and burned it there. He ground it to powder(AL) and scattered the dust over the graves(AM) of the common people.(AN) He also tore down the quarters of the male shrine prostitutes(AO) that were in the temple of the Lord, the quarters where women did weaving for Asherah.

Josiah brought all the priests from the towns of Judah and desecrated the high places, from Geba(AP) to Beersheba, where the priests had burned incense. He broke down the gateway at the entrance of the Gate of Joshua, the city governor, which was on the left of the city gate. Although the priests of the high places did not serve(AQ) at the altar of the Lord in Jerusalem, they ate unleavened bread with their fellow priests.

10 He desecrated Topheth,(AR) which was in the Valley of Ben Hinnom,(AS) so no one could use it to sacrifice their son(AT) or daughter in the fire to Molek. 11 He removed from the entrance to the temple of the Lord the horses that the kings of Judah(AU) had dedicated to the sun. They were in the court[c] near the room of an official named Nathan-Melek. Josiah then burned the chariots dedicated to the sun.(AV)

12 He pulled down(AW) the altars the kings of Judah had erected on the roof(AX) near the upper room of Ahaz, and the altars Manasseh had built in the two courts(AY) of the temple of the Lord. He removed them from there, smashed them to pieces and threw the rubble into the Kidron Valley.(AZ) 13 The king also desecrated the high places that were east of Jerusalem on the south of the Hill of Corruption—the ones Solomon(BA) king of Israel had built for Ashtoreth the vile goddess of the Sidonians, for Chemosh the vile god of Moab, and for Molek the detestable(BB) god of the people of Ammon.(BC) 14 Josiah smashed(BD) the sacred stones and cut down the Asherah poles and covered the sites with human bones.(BE)

15 Even the altar(BF) at Bethel, the high place made by Jeroboam(BG) son of Nebat, who had caused Israel to sin—even that altar and high place he demolished. He burned the high place and ground it to powder, and burned the Asherah pole also. 16 Then Josiah(BH) looked around, and when he saw the tombs that were there on the hillside, he had the bones removed from them and burned on the altar to defile it, in accordance(BI) with the word of the Lord proclaimed by the man of God who foretold these things.

17 The king asked, “What is that tombstone I see?”

The people of the city said, “It marks the tomb of the man of God who came from Judah and pronounced against the altar of Bethel the very things you have done to it.”

18 “Leave it alone,” he said. “Don’t let anyone disturb his bones(BJ).” So they spared his bones and those of the prophet(BK) who had come from Samaria.

19 Just as he had done at Bethel, Josiah removed all the shrines at the high places that the kings of Israel had built in the towns of Samaria and that had aroused the Lord’s anger. 20 Josiah slaughtered(BL) all the priests of those high places on the altars and burned human bones(BM) on them. Then he went back to Jerusalem.

21 The king gave this order to all the people: “Celebrate the Passover(BN) to the Lord your God, as it is written in this Book of the Covenant.”(BO) 22 Neither in the days of the judges who led Israel nor in the days of the kings of Israel and the kings of Judah had any such Passover been observed. 23 But in the eighteenth year of King Josiah, this Passover was celebrated to the Lord in Jerusalem.(BP)

24 Furthermore, Josiah got rid of the mediums and spiritists,(BQ) the household gods,(BR) the idols and all the other detestable(BS) things seen in Judah and Jerusalem. This he did to fulfill the requirements of the law written in the book that Hilkiah the priest had discovered in the temple of the Lord. 25 Neither before nor after Josiah was there a king like him who turned(BT) to the Lord as he did—with all his heart and with all his soul and with all his strength, in accordance with all the Law of Moses.(BU)

26 Nevertheless, the Lord did not turn away from the heat of his fierce anger,(BV) which burned against Judah because of all that Manasseh(BW) had done to arouse his anger. 27 So the Lord said, “I will remove(BX) Judah also from my presence(BY) as I removed Israel, and I will reject(BZ) Jerusalem, the city I chose, and this temple, about which I said, ‘My Name shall be there.’[d]

28 As for the other events of Josiah’s reign, and all he did, are they not written in the book of the annals of the kings of Judah?

29 While Josiah was king, Pharaoh Necho(CA) king of Egypt went up to the Euphrates River to help the king of Assyria. King Josiah marched out to meet him in battle, but Necho faced him and killed him at Megiddo.(CB) 30 Josiah’s servants brought his body in a chariot(CC) from Megiddo to Jerusalem and buried him in his own tomb. And the people of the land took Jehoahaz son of Josiah and anointed him and made him king in place of his father.


  1. 2 Kings 22:17 Or by everything they have done
  2. 2 Kings 22:19 That is, their names would be used in cursing (see Jer. 29:22); or, others would see that they are cursed.
  3. 2 Kings 23:11 The meaning of the Hebrew for this word is uncertain.
  4. 2 Kings 23:27 1 Kings 8:29

Paul Speaks to the Crowd(A)

37 As the soldiers were about to take Paul into the barracks,(B) he asked the commander, “May I say something to you?”

“Do you speak Greek?” he replied. 38 “Aren’t you the Egyptian who started a revolt and led four thousand terrorists out into the wilderness(C) some time ago?”(D)

39 Paul answered, “I am a Jew, from Tarsus(E) in Cilicia,(F) a citizen of no ordinary city. Please let me speak to the people.”

40 After receiving the commander’s permission, Paul stood on the steps and motioned(G) to the crowd. When they were all silent, he said to them in Aramaic[a]:(H) 22 “Brothers and fathers,(I) listen now to my defense.”

When they heard him speak to them in Aramaic,(J) they became very quiet.

Then Paul said: “I am a Jew,(K) born in Tarsus(L) of Cilicia,(M) but brought up in this city. I studied under(N) Gamaliel(O) and was thoroughly trained in the law of our ancestors.(P) I was just as zealous(Q) for God as any of you are today. I persecuted(R) the followers of this Way(S) to their death, arresting both men and women and throwing them into prison,(T) as the high priest and all the Council(U) can themselves testify. I even obtained letters from them to their associates(V) in Damascus,(W) and went there to bring these people as prisoners to Jerusalem to be punished.

“About noon as I came near Damascus, suddenly a bright light from heaven flashed around me.(X) I fell to the ground and heard a voice say to me, ‘Saul! Saul! Why do you persecute me?’

“‘Who are you, Lord?’ I asked.

‘I am Jesus of Nazareth,(Y) whom you are persecuting,’ he replied. My companions saw the light,(Z) but they did not understand the voice(AA) of him who was speaking to me.

10 “‘What shall I do, Lord?’ I asked.

‘Get up,’ the Lord said, ‘and go into Damascus. There you will be told all that you have been assigned to do.’(AB) 11 My companions led me by the hand into Damascus, because the brilliance of the light had blinded me.(AC)

12 “A man named Ananias came to see me.(AD) He was a devout observer of the law and highly respected by all the Jews living there.(AE) 13 He stood beside me and said, ‘Brother Saul, receive your sight!’ And at that very moment I was able to see him.

14 “Then he said: ‘The God of our ancestors(AF) has chosen you to know his will and to see(AG) the Righteous One(AH) and to hear words from his mouth. 15 You will be his witness(AI) to all people of what you have seen(AJ) and heard. 16 And now what are you waiting for? Get up, be baptized(AK) and wash your sins away,(AL) calling on his name.’(AM)


  1. Acts 21:40 Or possibly Hebrew; also in 22:2


Psalms 1–41

Psalm 1

Blessed is the one(A)
    who does not walk(B) in step with the wicked(C)
or stand in the way(D) that sinners take(E)
    or sit(F) in the company of mockers,(G)
but whose delight(H) is in the law of the Lord,(I)
    and who meditates(J) on his law day and night.
That person is like a tree(K) planted by streams(L) of water,(M)
    which yields its fruit(N) in season
and whose leaf(O) does not wither—
    whatever they do prospers.(P)

Not so the wicked!
    They are like chaff(Q)
    that the wind blows away.
Therefore the wicked will not stand(R) in the judgment,(S)
    nor sinners in the assembly(T) of the righteous.

For the Lord watches over(U) the way of the righteous,
    but the way of the wicked leads to destruction.(V)

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11 The wealth of the rich is their fortified city;(A)
    they imagine it a wall too high to scale.

12 Before a downfall the heart is haughty,
    but humility comes before honor.(B)

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