11 When Rehoboam arrived in Jerusalem,(A) he mustered Judah and Benjamin—a hundred and eighty thousand able young men—to go to war against Israel and to regain the kingdom for Rehoboam.

But this word of the Lord came to Shemaiah(B) the man of God: “Say to Rehoboam son of Solomon king of Judah and to all Israel in Judah and Benjamin, ‘This is what the Lord says: Do not go up to fight against your fellow Israelites.(C) Go home, every one of you, for this is my doing.’” So they obeyed the words of the Lord and turned back from marching against Jeroboam.

Rehoboam Fortifies Judah

Rehoboam lived in Jerusalem and built up towns for defense in Judah: Bethlehem, Etam, Tekoa, Beth Zur, Soko, Adullam, Gath, Mareshah, Ziph, Adoraim, Lachish, Azekah, 10 Zorah, Aijalon and Hebron. These were fortified cities(D) in Judah and Benjamin. 11 He strengthened their defenses and put commanders in them, with supplies of food, olive oil and wine. 12 He put shields and spears in all the cities, and made them very strong. So Judah and Benjamin were his.

13 The priests and Levites from all their districts throughout Israel sided with him. 14 The Levites(E) even abandoned their pasturelands and property(F) and came to Judah and Jerusalem, because Jeroboam and his sons had rejected them as priests of the Lord 15 when he appointed(G) his own priests(H) for the high places and for the goat(I) and calf(J) idols he had made. 16 Those from every tribe of Israel(K) who set their hearts on seeking the Lord, the God of Israel, followed the Levites to Jerusalem to offer sacrifices to the Lord, the God of their ancestors. 17 They strengthened(L) the kingdom of Judah and supported Rehoboam son of Solomon three years, following the ways of David and Solomon during this time.

Rehoboam’s Family

18 Rehoboam married Mahalath, who was the daughter of David’s son Jerimoth and of Abihail, the daughter of Jesse’s son Eliab. 19 She bore him sons: Jeush, Shemariah and Zaham. 20 Then he married Maakah(M) daughter of Absalom, who bore him Abijah,(N) Attai, Ziza and Shelomith. 21 Rehoboam loved Maakah daughter of Absalom more than any of his other wives and concubines. In all, he had eighteen wives(O) and sixty concubines, twenty-eight sons and sixty daughters.

22 Rehoboam appointed Abijah(P) son of Maakah as crown prince among his brothers, in order to make him king. 23 He acted wisely, dispersing some of his sons throughout the districts of Judah and Benjamin, and to all the fortified cities. He gave them abundant provisions(Q) and took many wives for them.

Shishak Attacks Jerusalem(R)

12 After Rehoboam’s position as king was established(S) and he had become strong,(T) he and all Israel[a](U) with him abandoned(V) the law of the Lord. Because they had been unfaithful(W) to the Lord, Shishak(X) king of Egypt attacked Jerusalem in the fifth year of King Rehoboam. With twelve hundred chariots and sixty thousand horsemen and the innumerable troops of Libyans,(Y) Sukkites and Cushites[b](Z) that came with him from Egypt, he captured the fortified cities(AA) of Judah and came as far as Jerusalem.

Then the prophet Shemaiah(AB) came to Rehoboam and to the leaders of Judah who had assembled in Jerusalem for fear of Shishak, and he said to them, “This is what the Lord says, ‘You have abandoned me; therefore, I now abandon(AC) you to Shishak.’”

The leaders of Israel and the king humbled(AD) themselves and said, “The Lord is just.”(AE)

When the Lord saw that they humbled themselves, this word of the Lord came to Shemaiah: “Since they have humbled themselves, I will not destroy them but will soon give them deliverance.(AF) My wrath(AG) will not be poured out on Jerusalem through Shishak. They will, however, become subject(AH) to him, so that they may learn the difference between serving me and serving the kings of other lands.”

When Shishak king of Egypt attacked Jerusalem, he carried off the treasures of the temple of the Lord and the treasures of the royal palace. He took everything, including the gold shields(AI) Solomon had made. 10 So King Rehoboam made bronze shields to replace them and assigned these to the commanders of the guard on duty at the entrance to the royal palace. 11 Whenever the king went to the Lord’s temple, the guards went with him, bearing the shields, and afterward they returned them to the guardroom.

12 Because Rehoboam humbled(AJ) himself, the Lord’s anger turned from him, and he was not totally destroyed. Indeed, there was some good(AK) in Judah.

13 King Rehoboam established(AL) himself firmly in Jerusalem and continued as king. He was forty-one years old when he became king, and he reigned seventeen years in Jerusalem, the city the Lord had chosen out of all the tribes of Israel in which to put his Name.(AM) His mother’s name was Naamah; she was an Ammonite. 14 He did evil because he had not set his heart on seeking the Lord.

15 As for the events of Rehoboam’s reign, from beginning to end, are they not written in the records of Shemaiah(AN) the prophet and of Iddo the seer that deal with genealogies? There was continual warfare between Rehoboam and Jeroboam. 16 Rehoboam(AO) rested with his ancestors and was buried in the City of David. And Abijah(AP) his son succeeded him as king.

Abijah King of Judah(AQ)

13 In the eighteenth year of the reign of Jeroboam, Abijah became king of Judah, and he reigned in Jerusalem three years. His mother’s name was Maakah,[c](AR) a daughter[d] of Uriel of Gibeah.

There was war between Abijah(AS) and Jeroboam.(AT) Abijah went into battle with an army of four hundred thousand able fighting men, and Jeroboam drew up a battle line against him with eight hundred thousand able troops.

Abijah stood on Mount Zemaraim,(AU) in the hill country of Ephraim, and said, “Jeroboam and all Israel,(AV) listen to me! Don’t you know that the Lord, the God of Israel, has given the kingship of Israel to David and his descendants forever(AW) by a covenant of salt?(AX) Yet Jeroboam son of Nebat, an official of Solomon son of David, rebelled(AY) against his master. Some worthless scoundrels(AZ) gathered around him and opposed Rehoboam son of Solomon when he was young and indecisive(BA) and not strong enough to resist them.

“And now you plan to resist the kingdom of the Lord, which is in the hands of David’s descendants.(BB) You are indeed a vast army and have with you(BC) the golden calves(BD) that Jeroboam made to be your gods. But didn’t you drive out the priests(BE) of the Lord,(BF) the sons of Aaron, and the Levites, and make priests of your own as the peoples of other lands do? Whoever comes to consecrate himself with a young bull(BG) and seven rams(BH) may become a priest of what are not gods.(BI)

10 “As for us, the Lord is our God, and we have not forsaken him. The priests who serve the Lord are sons of Aaron, and the Levites assist them. 11 Every morning and evening(BJ) they present burnt offerings and fragrant incense(BK) to the Lord. They set out the bread on the ceremonially clean table(BL) and light the lamps(BM) on the gold lampstand every evening. We are observing the requirements of the Lord our God. But you have forsaken him. 12 God is with us; he is our leader. His priests with their trumpets will sound the battle cry against you.(BN) People of Israel, do not fight against the Lord,(BO) the God of your ancestors, for you will not succeed.”(BP)

13 Now Jeroboam had sent troops around to the rear, so that while he was in front of Judah the ambush(BQ) was behind them. 14 Judah turned and saw that they were being attacked at both front and rear. Then they cried out(BR) to the Lord. The priests blew their trumpets 15 and the men of Judah raised the battle cry. At the sound of their battle cry, God routed Jeroboam and all Israel(BS) before Abijah and Judah. 16 The Israelites fled before Judah, and God delivered(BT) them into their hands. 17 Abijah and his troops inflicted heavy losses on them, so that there were five hundred thousand casualties among Israel’s able men. 18 The Israelites were subdued on that occasion, and the people of Judah were victorious because they relied(BU) on the Lord, the God of their ancestors.

19 Abijah pursued Jeroboam and took from him the towns of Bethel, Jeshanah and Ephron, with their surrounding villages. 20 Jeroboam did not regain power during the time of Abijah. And the Lord struck him down and he died.

21 But Abijah grew in strength. He married fourteen wives and had twenty-two sons and sixteen daughters.

22 The other events of Abijah’s reign, what he did and what he said, are written in the annotations of the prophet Iddo.


  1. 2 Chronicles 12:1 That is, Judah, as frequently in 2 Chronicles
  2. 2 Chronicles 12:3 That is, people from the upper Nile region
  3. 2 Chronicles 13:2 Most Septuagint manuscripts and Syriac (see also 11:20 and 1 Kings 15:2); Hebrew Micaiah
  4. 2 Chronicles 13:2 Or granddaughter

22 We know that the whole creation has been groaning(A) as in the pains of childbirth right up to the present time. 23 Not only so, but we ourselves, who have the firstfruits of the Spirit,(B) groan(C) inwardly as we wait eagerly(D) for our adoption to sonship, the redemption of our bodies.(E) 24 For in this hope we were saved.(F) But hope that is seen is no hope at all.(G) Who hopes for what they already have? 25 But if we hope for what we do not yet have, we wait for it patiently.(H)

26 In the same way, the Spirit helps us in our weakness. We do not know what we ought to pray for, but the Spirit(I) himself intercedes for us(J) through wordless groans. 27 And he who searches our hearts(K) knows the mind of the Spirit, because the Spirit intercedes(L) for God’s people in accordance with the will of God.

28 And we know that in all things God works for the good(M) of those who love him, who[a] have been called(N) according to his purpose.(O) 29 For those God foreknew(P) he also predestined(Q) to be conformed to the image of his Son,(R) that he might be the firstborn(S) among many brothers and sisters. 30 And those he predestined,(T) he also called;(U) those he called, he also justified;(V) those he justified, he also glorified.(W)

More Than Conquerors

31 What, then, shall we say in response to these things?(X) If God is for us,(Y) who can be against us?(Z) 32 He who did not spare his own Son,(AA) but gave him up for us all—how will he not also, along with him, graciously give us all things? 33 Who will bring any charge(AB) against those whom God has chosen? It is God who justifies. 34 Who then is the one who condemns?(AC) No one. Christ Jesus who died(AD)—more than that, who was raised to life(AE)—is at the right hand of God(AF) and is also interceding for us.(AG) 35 Who shall separate us from the love of Christ?(AH) Shall trouble or hardship or persecution or famine or nakedness or danger or sword?(AI) 36 As it is written:

“For your sake we face death all day long;
    we are considered as sheep to be slaughtered.”[b](AJ)

37 No, in all these things we are more than conquerors(AK) through him who loved us.(AL) 38 For I am convinced that neither death nor life, neither angels nor demons,[c] neither the present nor the future,(AM) nor any powers,(AN) 39 neither height nor depth, nor anything else in all creation, will be able to separate us from the love of God(AO) that is in Christ Jesus our Lord.(AP)

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  1. Romans 8:28 Or that all things work together for good to those who love God, who; or that in all things God works together with those who love him to bring about what is good—with those who
  2. Romans 8:36 Psalm 44:22
  3. Romans 8:38 Or nor heavenly rulers

37 I pursued my enemies(A) and overtook them;
    I did not turn back till they were destroyed.
38 I crushed them(B) so that they could not rise;(C)
    they fell beneath my feet.(D)
39 You armed me with strength(E) for battle;
    you humbled my adversaries(F) before me.
40 You made my enemies turn their backs(G) in flight,
    and I destroyed(H) my foes.
41 They cried for help, but there was no one to save them(I)
    to the Lord, but he did not answer.(J)
42 I beat them as fine as windblown dust;(K)
    I trampled them[a] like mud in the streets.
43 You have delivered me from the attacks of the people;
    you have made me the head of nations.(L)
People I did not know(M) now serve me,
44     foreigners(N) cower before me;
    as soon as they hear of me, they obey me.
45 They all lose heart;(O)
    they come trembling(P) from their strongholds.(Q)

46 The Lord lives!(R) Praise be to my Rock!(S)
    Exalted be God(T) my Savior!(U)
47 He is the God who avenges(V) me,
    who subdues nations(W) under me,
48     who saves(X) me from my enemies.(Y)
You exalted me above my foes;
    from a violent man(Z) you rescued me.
49 Therefore I will praise you, Lord, among the nations;(AA)
    I will sing(AB) the praises of your name.(AC)

50 He gives his king great victories;
    he shows unfailing love to his anointed,(AD)
    to David(AE) and to his descendants forever.(AF)

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  1. Psalm 18:42 Many Hebrew manuscripts, Septuagint, Syriac and Targum (see also 2 Samuel 22:43); Masoretic Text I poured them out

27 Stop listening to instruction, my son,(A)
    and you will stray from the words of knowledge.

28 A corrupt witness mocks at justice,
    and the mouth of the wicked gulps down evil.(B)

29 Penalties are prepared for mockers,
    and beatings for the backs of fools.(C)

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