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10 For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ,[a] so that each one may be paid back according to what he has done while in the body, whether good or evil.[b]

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  1. 2 Corinthians 5:10 sn The judgment seat (βῆμα, bēma) was a raised platform mounted by steps and sometimes furnished with a seat, used by officials in addressing an assembly or making pronouncements, often on judicial matters. The judgment seat was a common item in Greco-Roman culture, often located in the agora, the public square or marketplace in the center of a city. Use of the term in reference to Christ’s judgment would be familiar to Paul’s 1st century readers.
  2. 2 Corinthians 5:10 tn Or “whether good or bad.”

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