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The Man of Lawlessness

Now we ask you, (A)brothers, with regard to the [a](B)coming of our Lord Jesus Christ and our (C)gathering together to Him, that you not be quickly shaken in your mind or be alarmed whether by a (D)spirit or a (E)word or a (F)letter as if from us, to the effect that (G)the day of the Lord (H)has come. (I)Let no one in any way deceive you, for it has not come unless the [b](J)apostasy comes first, and the (K)man of lawlessness is revealed, the (L)son of destruction, who opposes and exalts himself above [c](M)every so-called god or object of worship, so that he takes his seat in the [d]sanctuary of God, (N)exhibiting himself as being God. Do you not remember that (O)while I was still with you, I was telling you these things? And you know (P)what restrains him now, so that in his time he will be revealed. For (Q)the mystery of lawlessness is already at work; only (R)he who now restrains will do so until he is taken out of the way. And then that lawless one (S)will be revealed—whom the Lord [e]Jesus (T)will slay with the breath of His mouth and bring to an end by the (U)appearance of His [f]coming— whose [g]coming is in accord with the working of (V)Satan, with all power and [h](W)signs and false wonders, 10 and with [i]all the deception of unrighteousness for (X)those who perish, because they did not receive the love of (Y)the truth so as to be saved. 11 And for this reason (Z)God sends upon them a [j](AA)deluding influence so that they will believe [k]what is false, 12 in order that they all may be [l]judged who (AB)did not believe the truth, but [m](AC)took pleasure in unrighteousness.

13 (AD)But we should always give thanks to God for you, (AE)brothers beloved by the Lord, because (AF)God has chosen you [n]as the first fruits (AG)for salvation (AH)through sanctification [o]by the Spirit and faith in the truth. 14 [p]It was for this He (AI)called you through (AJ)our gospel, [q]that you may obtain the glory of our Lord Jesus Christ. 15 So then, brothers, (AK)stand firm and (AL)hold to the traditions which you were taught, whether (AM)by word of mouth or (AN)by letter [r]from us.

16 (AO)Now may our Lord Jesus Christ (AP)Himself and God our Father, who has (AQ)loved us and given us eternal comfort and (AR)good hope by grace, 17 (AS)encourage your hearts and (AT)strengthen them in every good work and word.


  1. 2 Thessalonians 2:1 Or presence
  2. 2 Thessalonians 2:3 Or falling away from the faith
  3. 2 Thessalonians 2:4 Or everyone who is called God
  4. 2 Thessalonians 2:4 The innermost part of the temple
  5. 2 Thessalonians 2:8 Some mss omit Jesus
  6. 2 Thessalonians 2:8 Or presence
  7. 2 Thessalonians 2:9 Or presence
  8. 2 Thessalonians 2:9 Or attesting miracles
  9. 2 Thessalonians 2:10 Or every deception
  10. 2 Thessalonians 2:11 Lit work of delusion, cf. 2:7, 9
  11. 2 Thessalonians 2:11 Or the lie
  12. 2 Thessalonians 2:12 Or condemned
  13. 2 Thessalonians 2:12 Or approved
  14. 2 Thessalonians 2:13 Some mss from the beginning
  15. 2 Thessalonians 2:13 Lit of
  16. 2 Thessalonians 2:14 Some mss And
  17. 2 Thessalonians 2:14 Lit to the gaining of
  18. 2 Thessalonians 2:15 Lit of