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2 Samuel 8 American Standard Version (ASV)

And after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them: and David took [a]the bridle of the mother city out of the hand of the Philistines.

And he smote Moab, and measured them with the line, making them to lie down on the ground; and he measured two lines to put to death, and one full line to keep alive. And the Moabites became servants to David, and brought tribute.

David smote also Hadadezer the son of Rehob, king of Zobah, as he went to recover his dominion at [b]the River. And David took from him a thousand and seven hundred horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen: and David hocked all the chariot horses, but reserved of them for a hundred chariots. And when [c]the Syrians of Damascus came to succor Hadadezer king of Zobah, David smote of [d]the Syrians two and twenty thousand men. Then David put garrisons in [e]Syria of Damascus; and [f]the Syrians became servants to David, and brought tribute. And Jehovah [g]gave victory to David whithersoever he went. And David took the shields of gold that were on the servants of Hadadezer, and brought them to Jerusalem. And from [h]Betah and from Berothai, cities of Hadadezer, king David took exceeding much brass.

And when Toi king of Hamath heard that David had smitten all the host of Hadadezer, 10 then Toi sent [i]Joram his son unto king David, to [j]salute him, and to bless him, because he had fought against Hadadezer and smitten him: for Hadadezer [k]had wars with Toi. And [l]Joram brought with him vessels of silver, and vessels of gold, and vessels of brass: 11 these also did king David dedicate unto Jehovah, with the silver and gold that he dedicated of all the nations which he subdued; 12 of [m]Syria, and of Moab, and of the children of Ammon, and of the Philistines, and of Amalek, and of the spoil of Hadadezer, son of Rehob, king of Zobah.

13 And David gat him a name when he returned from smiting [n]the Syrians in the Valley of Salt, even eighteen thousand men. 14 And he put garrisons in Edom; throughout all Edom put he garrisons, and all the Edomites became servants to David. And Jehovah [o]gave victory to David whithersoever he went.

15 And David reigned over all Israel; and David executed justice and righteousness unto all his people. 16 And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud was [p]recorder; 17 and Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Ahimelech the son of Abiathar, were priests; and Seraiah was [q]scribe; 18 and Benaiah the son of Jehoiada [r]was over the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and David’s sons were [s]chief ministers.

Footnotes:

  1. 2 Samuel 8:1 Or, Metheg-ammah
  2. 2 Samuel 8:3 Another reading is, the river Euphrates.
  3. 2 Samuel 8:5 Hebrew Aram.
  4. 2 Samuel 8:5 Hebrew Aram.
  5. 2 Samuel 8:6 Hebrew Aram.
  6. 2 Samuel 8:6 Hebrew Aram.
  7. 2 Samuel 8:6 Or, saved David
  8. 2 Samuel 8:8 In 1 Chr. 18:8, Tibhath.
  9. 2 Samuel 8:10 In 1 Chr. 18:10, Hadoram.
  10. 2 Samuel 8:10 Hebrew asked him of his welfare.
  11. 2 Samuel 8:10 Hebrew was a man of wars.
  12. 2 Samuel 8:10 Hebrew in his hand were.
  13. 2 Samuel 8:12 Hebrew Aram.
  14. 2 Samuel 8:13 Edom in 1 Chr. 18:11, 12; Ps. 60:title
  15. 2 Samuel 8:14 Or, saved David
  16. 2 Samuel 8:16 Or, chronicler
  17. 2 Samuel 8:17 Or, secretary
  18. 2 Samuel 8:18 So in 20:23 and 1 Chr. 18:17. The Hebrew text has and the Cherethithes etc.
  19. 2 Samuel 8:18 Or, priests

2 Samuel 8 New International Version (NIV)

David’s Victories

In the course of time, David defeated the Philistines and subdued them, and he took Metheg Ammah from the control of the Philistines.

David also defeated the Moabites. He made them lie down on the ground and measured them off with a length of cord. Every two lengths of them were put to death, and the third length was allowed to live. So the Moabites became subject to David and brought him tribute.

Moreover, David defeated Hadadezer son of Rehob, king of Zobah, when he went to restore his monument at[a] the Euphrates River. David captured a thousand of his chariots, seven thousand charioteers[b] and twenty thousand foot soldiers. He hamstrung all but a hundred of the chariot horses.

When the Arameans of Damascus came to help Hadadezer king of Zobah, David struck down twenty-two thousand of them. He put garrisons in the Aramean kingdom of Damascus, and the Arameans became subject to him and brought tribute. The Lord gave David victory wherever he went.

David took the gold shields that belonged to the officers of Hadadezer and brought them to Jerusalem. From Tebah[c] and Berothai, towns that belonged to Hadadezer, King David took a great quantity of bronze.

When Tou[d] king of Hamath heard that David had defeated the entire army of Hadadezer, 10 he sent his son Joram[e] to King David to greet him and congratulate him on his victory in battle over Hadadezer, who had been at war with Tou. Joram brought with him articles of silver, of gold and of bronze.

11 King David dedicated these articles to the Lord, as he had done with the silver and gold from all the nations he had subdued: 12 Edom[f] and Moab, the Ammonites and the Philistines, and Amalek. He also dedicated the plunder taken from Hadadezer son of Rehob, king of Zobah.

13 And David became famous after he returned from striking down eighteen thousand Edomites[g] in the Valley of Salt.

14 He put garrisons throughout Edom, and all the Edomites became subject to David. The Lord gave David victory wherever he went.

David’s Officials

15 David reigned over all Israel, doing what was just and right for all his people. 16 Joab son of Zeruiah was over the army; Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was recorder; 17 Zadok son of Ahitub and Ahimelek son of Abiathar were priests; Seraiah was secretary; 18 Benaiah son of Jehoiada was over the Kerethites and Pelethites; and David’s sons were priests.[h]

Footnotes:

  1. 2 Samuel 8:3 Or his control along
  2. 2 Samuel 8:4 Septuagint (see also Dead Sea Scrolls and 1 Chron. 18:4); Masoretic Text captured seventeen hundred of his charioteers
  3. 2 Samuel 8:8 See some Septuagint manuscripts (see also 1 Chron. 18:8); Hebrew Betah.
  4. 2 Samuel 8:9 Hebrew Toi, a variant of Tou; also in verse 10
  5. 2 Samuel 8:10 A variant of Hadoram
  6. 2 Samuel 8:12 Some Hebrew manuscripts, Septuagint and Syriac (see also 1 Chron. 18:11); most Hebrew manuscripts Aram
  7. 2 Samuel 8:13 A few Hebrew manuscripts, Septuagint and Syriac (see also 1 Chron. 18:12); most Hebrew manuscripts Aram (that is, Arameans)
  8. 2 Samuel 8:18 Or were chief officials (see Septuagint and Targum; see also 1 Chron. 18:17)
New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

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