Intelligibility in Worship

14 Follow the way of love(A) and eagerly desire(B) gifts of the Spirit,(C) especially prophecy.(D) For anyone who speaks in a tongue[a](E) does not speak to people but to God. Indeed, no one understands them;(F) they utter mysteries(G) by the Spirit. But the one who prophesies speaks to people for their strengthening,(H) encouraging(I) and comfort. Anyone who speaks in a tongue(J) edifies(K) themselves, but the one who prophesies(L) edifies the church. I would like every one of you to speak in tongues,[b] but I would rather have you prophesy.(M) The one who prophesies is greater than the one who speaks in tongues,[c] unless someone interprets, so that the church may be edified.(N)

Now, brothers and sisters, if I come to you and speak in tongues, what good will I be to you, unless I bring you some revelation(O) or knowledge(P) or prophecy or word of instruction?(Q) Even in the case of lifeless things that make sounds, such as the pipe or harp, how will anyone know what tune is being played unless there is a distinction in the notes? Again, if the trumpet does not sound a clear call, who will get ready for battle?(R) So it is with you. Unless you speak intelligible words with your tongue, how will anyone know what you are saying? You will just be speaking into the air. 10 Undoubtedly there are all sorts of languages in the world, yet none of them is without meaning. 11 If then I do not grasp the meaning of what someone is saying, I am a foreigner to the speaker, and the speaker is a foreigner to me.(S) 12 So it is with you. Since you are eager for gifts of the Spirit,(T) try to excel in those that build up(U) the church.

13 For this reason the one who speaks in a tongue should pray that they may interpret what they say.(V) 14 For if I pray in a tongue, my spirit prays,(W) but my mind is unfruitful. 15 So what shall I do? I will pray with my spirit,(X) but I will also pray with my understanding; I will sing(Y) with my spirit, but I will also sing with my understanding. 16 Otherwise when you are praising God in the Spirit, how can someone else, who is now put in the position of an inquirer,[d] say “Amen”(Z) to your thanksgiving,(AA) since they do not know what you are saying? 17 You are giving thanks well enough, but no one else is edified.(AB)

18 I thank God that I speak in tongues more than all of you. 19 But in the church I would rather speak five intelligible words to instruct others than ten thousand words in a tongue.(AC)

20 Brothers and sisters, stop thinking like children.(AD) In regard to evil be infants,(AE) but in your thinking be adults. 21 In the Law(AF) it is written:

“With other tongues
    and through the lips of foreigners
I will speak to this people,
    but even then they will not listen to me,(AG)
says the Lord.”[e]

22 Tongues, then, are a sign, not for believers but for unbelievers; prophecy,(AH) however, is not for unbelievers but for believers. 23 So if the whole church comes together and everyone speaks in tongues, and inquirers or unbelievers come in, will they not say that you are out of your mind?(AI) 24 But if an unbeliever or an inquirer comes in while everyone is prophesying, they are convicted of sin and are brought under judgment by all, 25 as the secrets(AJ) of their hearts are laid bare. So they will fall down and worship God, exclaiming, “God is really among you!”(AK)

Good Order in Worship

26 What then shall we say, brothers and sisters?(AL) When you come together, each of you(AM) has a hymn,(AN) or a word of instruction,(AO) a revelation, a tongue(AP) or an interpretation.(AQ) Everything must be done so that the church may be built up.(AR) 27 If anyone speaks in a tongue, two—or at the most three—should speak, one at a time, and someone must interpret. 28 If there is no interpreter, the speaker should keep quiet in the church and speak to himself and to God.

29 Two or three prophets(AS) should speak, and the others should weigh carefully what is said.(AT) 30 And if a revelation comes to someone who is sitting down, the first speaker should stop. 31 For you can all prophesy in turn so that everyone may be instructed and encouraged. 32 The spirits of prophets are subject to the control of prophets.(AU) 33 For God is not a God of disorder(AV) but of peace(AW)—as in all the congregations(AX) of the Lord’s people.(AY)

34 Women[f] should remain silent in the churches. They are not allowed to speak,(AZ) but must be in submission,(BA) as the law(BB) says. 35 If they want to inquire about something, they should ask their own husbands at home; for it is disgraceful for a woman to speak in the church.[g]

36 Or did the word of God(BC) originate with you? Or are you the only people it has reached? 37 If anyone thinks they are a prophet(BD) or otherwise gifted by the Spirit,(BE) let them acknowledge that what I am writing to you is the Lord’s command.(BF) 38 But if anyone ignores this, they will themselves be ignored.[h]

39 Therefore, my brothers and sisters, be eager(BG) to prophesy,(BH) and do not forbid speaking in tongues. 40 But everything should be done in a fitting and orderly(BI) way.

The Resurrection of Christ

15 Now, brothers and sisters, I want to remind you of the gospel(BJ) I preached to you,(BK) which you received and on which you have taken your stand. By this gospel you are saved,(BL) if you hold firmly(BM) to the word I preached to you. Otherwise, you have believed in vain.

For what I received(BN) I passed on to you(BO) as of first importance[i]: that Christ died for our sins(BP) according to the Scriptures,(BQ) that he was buried,(BR) that he was raised(BS) on the third day(BT) according to the Scriptures,(BU) and that he appeared to Cephas,[j](BV) and then to the Twelve.(BW) After that, he appeared to more than five hundred of the brothers and sisters at the same time, most of whom are still living, though some have fallen asleep.(BX) Then he appeared to James,(BY) then to all the apostles,(BZ) and last of all he appeared to me also,(CA) as to one abnormally born.

For I am the least of the apostles(CB) and do not even deserve to be called an apostle, because I persecuted(CC) the church of God.(CD) 10 But by the grace(CE) of God I am what I am, and his grace to me(CF) was not without effect. No, I worked harder than all of them(CG)—yet not I, but the grace of God that was with me.(CH) 11 Whether, then, it is I or they,(CI) this is what we preach, and this is what you believed.

The Resurrection of the Dead

12 But if it is preached that Christ has been raised from the dead,(CJ) how can some of you say that there is no resurrection(CK) of the dead?(CL) 13 If there is no resurrection of the dead, then not even Christ has been raised. 14 And if Christ has not been raised,(CM) our preaching is useless and so is your faith. 15 More than that, we are then found to be false witnesses about God, for we have testified about God that he raised Christ from the dead.(CN) But he did not raise him if in fact the dead are not raised. 16 For if the dead are not raised, then Christ has not been raised either. 17 And if Christ has not been raised, your faith is futile; you are still in your sins.(CO) 18 Then those also who have fallen asleep(CP) in Christ are lost. 19 If only for this life we have hope in Christ, we are of all people most to be pitied.(CQ)

20 But Christ has indeed been raised from the dead,(CR) the firstfruits(CS) of those who have fallen asleep.(CT) 21 For since death came through a man,(CU) the resurrection of the dead(CV) comes also through a man. 22 For as in Adam all die, so in Christ all will be made alive.(CW) 23 But each in turn: Christ, the firstfruits;(CX) then, when he comes,(CY) those who belong to him.(CZ) 24 Then the end will come, when he hands over the kingdom(DA) to God the Father after he has destroyed all dominion, authority and power.(DB) 25 For he must reign(DC) until he has put all his enemies under his feet.(DD) 26 The last enemy to be destroyed is death.(DE) 27 For he “has put everything under his feet.”[k](DF) Now when it says that “everything” has been put under him, it is clear that this does not include God himself, who put everything under Christ.(DG) 28 When he has done this, then the Son himself will be made subject to him who put everything under him,(DH) so that God may be all in all.(DI)

29 Now if there is no resurrection, what will those do who are baptized for the dead? If the dead are not raised at all, why are people baptized for them? 30 And as for us, why do we endanger ourselves every hour?(DJ) 31 I face death every day(DK)—yes, just as surely as I boast about you in Christ Jesus our Lord. 32 If I fought wild beasts(DL) in Ephesus(DM) with no more than human hopes, what have I gained? If the dead are not raised,

“Let us eat and drink,
    for tomorrow we die.”[l](DN)

33 Do not be misled:(DO) “Bad company corrupts good character.”[m](DP) 34 Come back to your senses as you ought, and stop sinning; for there are some who are ignorant of God(DQ)—I say this to your shame.(DR)

The Resurrection Body

35 But someone will ask,(DS) “How are the dead raised? With what kind of body will they come?”(DT) 36 How foolish!(DU) What you sow does not come to life unless it dies.(DV) 37 When you sow, you do not plant the body that will be, but just a seed, perhaps of wheat or of something else. 38 But God gives it a body as he has determined, and to each kind of seed he gives its own body.(DW) 39 Not all flesh is the same: People have one kind of flesh, animals have another, birds another and fish another. 40 There are also heavenly bodies and there are earthly bodies; but the splendor of the heavenly bodies is one kind, and the splendor of the earthly bodies is another. 41 The sun has one kind of splendor,(DX) the moon another and the stars another;(DY) and star differs from star in splendor.

42 So will it be(DZ) with the resurrection of the dead.(EA) The body that is sown is perishable, it is raised imperishable;(EB) 43 it is sown in dishonor, it is raised in glory;(EC) it is sown in weakness, it is raised in power; 44 it is sown a natural body, it is raised a spiritual body.(ED)

If there is a natural body, there is also a spiritual body. 45 So it is written: “The first man Adam became a living being”[n];(EE) the last Adam,(EF) a life-giving spirit.(EG) 46 The spiritual did not come first, but the natural, and after that the spiritual.(EH) 47 The first man was of the dust of the earth;(EI) the second man is of heaven.(EJ) 48 As was the earthly man, so are those who are of the earth; and as is the heavenly man, so also are those who are of heaven.(EK) 49 And just as we have borne the image of the earthly man,(EL) so shall we[o] bear the image of the heavenly man.(EM)

50 I declare to you, brothers and sisters, that flesh and blood(EN) cannot inherit the kingdom of God,(EO) nor does the perishable inherit the imperishable.(EP) 51 Listen, I tell you a mystery:(EQ) We will not all sleep,(ER) but we will all be changed(ES) 52 in a flash, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet. For the trumpet will sound,(ET) the dead(EU) will be raised imperishable, and we will be changed. 53 For the perishable(EV) must clothe itself with the imperishable,(EW) and the mortal with immortality. 54 When the perishable has been clothed with the imperishable, and the mortal with immortality, then the saying that is written will come true: “Death has been swallowed up in victory.”[p](EX)

55 “Where, O death, is your victory?
    Where, O death, is your sting?”[q](EY)

56 The sting of death is sin,(EZ) and the power of sin is the law.(FA) 57 But thanks be to God!(FB) He gives us the victory through our Lord Jesus Christ.(FC)

58 Therefore, my dear brothers and sisters, stand firm. Let nothing move you. Always give yourselves fully to the work of the Lord,(FD) because you know that your labor in the Lord is not in vain.(FE)


  1. 1 Corinthians 14:2 Or in another language; also in verses 4, 13, 14, 19, 26 and 27
  2. 1 Corinthians 14:5 Or in other languages; also in verses 6, 18, 22, 23 and 39
  3. 1 Corinthians 14:5 Or in other languages; also in verses 6, 18, 22, 23 and 39
  4. 1 Corinthians 14:16 The Greek word for inquirer is a technical term for someone not fully initiated into a religion; also in verses 23 and 24.
  5. 1 Corinthians 14:21 Isaiah 28:11,12
  6. 1 Corinthians 14:34 Or peace. As in all the congregations of the Lord’s people, 34 women
  7. 1 Corinthians 14:35 In a few manuscripts these verses come after verse 40.
  8. 1 Corinthians 14:38 Some manuscripts But anyone who is ignorant of this will be ignorant
  9. 1 Corinthians 15:3 Or you at the first
  10. 1 Corinthians 15:5 That is, Peter
  11. 1 Corinthians 15:27 Psalm 8:6
  12. 1 Corinthians 15:32 Isaiah 22:13
  13. 1 Corinthians 15:33 From the Greek poet Menander
  14. 1 Corinthians 15:45 Gen. 2:7
  15. 1 Corinthians 15:49 Some early manuscripts so let us
  16. 1 Corinthians 15:54 Isaiah 25:8
  17. 1 Corinthians 15:55 Hosea 13:14

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