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Solomon Builds the Temple(A)

Solomon began to build the ·Temple [L house of the Lord] four hundred eighty years after the people of Israel ·had left [L came out of the land of] Egypt. This was during the fourth year of King Solomon’s ·rule [reign] over Israel. It was the second month, the month of Ziv [C midspring]. The ·Temple [L house that Solomon built for the Lord] was ·ninety feet [L sixty cubits] long, ·thirty feet [L twenty cubits] wide, and ·forty-five feet [L thirty cubits] high. The ·porch [entry room; portico; vestibule] in front of the ·main room [main hall; nave] of the ·Temple [L house] was ·fifteen feet [L ten cubits] deep and ·thirty feet [L twenty cubits] wide. This room ·ran along [projected from] the front of the ·Temple [L house] itself. Its width was equal to that of the ·Temple [L house]. The ·Temple [L house] also had ·windows that opened and closed [narrow, recessed windows]. Solomon also built ·some [a complex of] side ·rooms [chambers] against the walls of the ·main room [main hall; nave] and the inner room of the ·Temple [L house]. He built rooms all around. The rooms on the bottom floor were ·seven and one-half feet [L five cubits] wide. Those on the middle floor were ·nine feet [L six cubits] wide, and the rooms above them were ·ten and one-half feet [L seven cubits] wide. The ·Temple [L house] wall that formed the side of each room ·was thinner than the wall in the room below [had offset ledges]. These rooms were pushed against the ·Temple wall [L house], but they did not have their ·main [support] beams built into this wall.

The stones used to build the ·Temple [L house] were ·prepared [finished; shaped] at the quarry. So there was no noise of hammers, axes, or any other iron tools at the ·Temple [L house].

The entrance to the lower rooms beside the ·Temple [L house] was on the south side. From there, [winding] stairs went up to the second-floor rooms. And from there, stairs went on to the third-floor rooms. Solomon put a ·roof [ceiling] made from beams and cedar boards on the ·Temple [L house]. So he finished building the Temple [L house] 10 as well as the bottom floor that was beside the ·Temple [L house]. This bottom floor was ·seven and one-half feet [L five cubits] high and was attached to the ·Temple [L house] by cedar beams.

11 The ·Lord said [L word of the Lord came] to Solomon: 12 “If you ·obey [follow; walk in] all my laws and commands, I will ·do for you [fulfill] what I promised your father David. 13 I will ·live [dwell; make my home] among the Israelites in this Temple, and I will never ·leave [abandon; forsake] my people Israel.”

14 So Solomon finished building the ·Temple [L house]. 15 The inside walls were ·covered [paneled] from floor to ceiling with cedar boards. The floor was made from ·pine [cypress; juniper] boards. 16 A room ·thirty feet [L twenty cubits] long was built in the back part of the ·Temple [L house]. This room, called the ·Most Holy Place [T Holy of Holies], was an inner ·room [L sanctuary] ·separated from the rest of the Temple by [or paneled with] cedar boards which reached from floor to ·ceiling [rafters]. 17 The ·main room [main hall; nave], the one in front of ·the Most Holy Place [L it], was ·sixty feet [L forty cubits] long. 18 Everything inside the ·Temple [L house] was covered with cedar, which was carved with pictures of flowers and ·plants [open flowers]. A person could not see the stones of the wall, only the cedar.

19 Solomon prepared the inner ·room [sanctuary] ·at the back of [within] the ·Temple [L house] to keep the Ark of the ·Agreement [Treaty; Covenant; Ex. 25:10] with the Lord. 20 This inner ·room [sanctuary] was ·thirty feet [L twenty cubits] long, ·thirty feet [L twenty cubits] wide, and ·thirty feet [L twenty cubits] high. 21 He covered this ·room [sanctuary] with pure gold, and he also covered the altar of cedar. 22 So all the inside of the ·Temple [L house], as well as the altar of the ·Most Holy Place [L inner sanctuary], was covered with gold.

23 Solomon made two ·creatures [cherubim; C particularly powerful spiritual beings] from olive wood and placed them in the ·Most Holy Place [L inner sanctuary]. ·Each creature [L The cherub] was ·fifteen feet [L ten cubits] tall 24 and had two wings. Each wing was ·seven and one-half feet [L five cubits] long, so it was ·fifteen feet [L ten cubits] from the end of one wing to the end of the other. 25 ·The creatures [L The other cherub also measured ten cubits; both cherubim] were the same size and shape; 26 each was ·fifteen feet [L ten cubits] tall. 27 These ·creatures [L cherubim; 6:23] were put beside each other in the ·Most Holy Place [L inner house] with their wings spread out. One creature’s wing touched one wall, and the other creature’s wing touched the other wall with their wings touching each other in the middle of the room. 28 These two creatures were ·covered [overlaid] with gold.

29 All the walls around the ·Temple [L house] were carved with ·pictures [engravings] of ·creatures with wings [cherubim; 6:23], as well as palm trees and open flowers. ·This was true for both the main room and the inner room [L …both the inner and the outer (rooms)]. 30 The floors of both rooms were ·covered [overlaid] with gold.

31 Doors made from olive wood were placed at the entrance to the ·Most Holy Place [L inner sanctuary]. These doors had five-sided ·frames [doorposts]. 32 ·Creatures with wings [Cherubim; 6:23], as well as palm trees and open flowers, were also carved on the two olive wood doors that were ·covered [overlaid] with gold. The ·creatures [cherubim; 6:23] and the palm trees on the doors were ·covered [overlaid] with gold as well. 33 At the entrance to the ·main room [main hall; nave] there ·was a square door frame [were four-sided doorposts] made of olive wood. 34 Two doors were made from ·pine [cypress; juniper]. Each door had two parts so the doors ·folded [turned on pivots]. 35 The doors were ·covered with pictures of creatures with wings [L carved with cherubim; 6:23], as well as palm trees and open flowers. All of the carvings were covered with gold, which was evenly ·spread [hammered; applied] over them.

36 The inner courtyard was enclosed by walls, which were made of three rows of ·cut [finished; dressed] stones ·and one [for each] row of cedar ·boards [beams].

37 ·Work began on [L The foundation was laid of] the ·Temple [L house of the Lord] in Ziv, the second month, during the fourth ·year Solomon was king over Israel [L year]. 38 The ·Temple [L house] was finished during the eleventh ·year he was king [L year], in the eighth month, the month of Bul. It was ·built exactly as it was planned [L finished according to all its parts and according to all its plans]. Solomon had spent seven years building it.

Solomon’s Palace

King Solomon also built a ·palace [L house] for himself; it took him thirteen years to finish it. ·Built of cedars from [He built the House/Palace of] the Forest of Lebanon, it was ·one hundred fifty feet [L one hundred cubits] long, ·seventy-five feet [L fifty cubits] wide, and ·forty-five feet [L thirty cubits] high. It had four rows of cedar columns which supported the cedar beams. There were forty-five beams on the roof, with fifteen beams in each row, and the ceiling was ·covered [paneled] with cedar above the beams. Windows were placed in three rows facing each other. All the doors ·were square [had rectangular frames], and the three ·doors [or windows] at each end faced each other.

Solomon also built the ·porch that had pillars [Hall of Pillars; Colonnade]. This porch was ·seventy-five feet [L fifty cubits] long and ·forty-five feet [L thirty cubits] wide. Along the front of the porch was a ·roof [cornice; canopy] supported by pillars.

Solomon also built a throne room where he ·judged people [dispensed justice/judgment; decided legal matters], called the Hall of ·Justice [or Judgment]. This room was ·covered [paneled] with cedar from floor to ·ceiling [beams; rafters; or floor]. The ·palace [L house] where Solomon lived was built like the Hall of Justice, and it was behind this hall. Solomon also built the same kind of ·palace [L house] for his wife, who was the daughter of ·the king of Egypt [L Pharaoh].

All these buildings were made with blocks of ·fine [costly, high-grade] stone. First they were ·carefully cut [cut to measure/size]. Then they were trimmed with a saw in the front and back. These fine stones went from the foundations of the buildings to the ·top of the walls [eaves; coping]. ·Even the courtyard was made with blocks of stone […and all the way to the courtyard]. 10 The foundations were made with large blocks of ·fine [costly; high-grade] stone, some as long as ·fifteen feet [L ten cubits]. Others were ·twelve feet [L eight cubits] long. 11 On top of these foundation stones were other blocks of ·fine [costly; high-grade] stone and cedar beams [cut to measure/size]. 12 The ·palace courtyard [great court], the courtyard inside the ·Temple [L house], and the porch of the ·Temple [L house] were surrounded by walls. All of these walls had three ·rows [layers] of stone blocks ·and one row [for each layer] of cedar beams.

The Temple Is Completed Inside(B)

13 King Solomon sent to Tyre and had ·Huram [L Hiram; C a variant spelling of Huram (2 Chr. 2:13; 4:11); this craftsman is to be distinguished from the king of the same name (5:1)] brought to him. 14 ·Huram’s mother was [L He was the son of] a widow from the tribe of Naphtali. His father was from Tyre and had been ·skilled in making things from [a craftsman/artisan in] bronze. ·Huram [L He] was also very skilled and ·experienced [knowledgeable; wise] in bronze work. So he came to King Solomon and did all ·the bronze [his] work.

15 He made two bronze pillars, each one ·twenty-seven feet [L eighteen cubits] tall and ·eighteen feet [L twelve cubits] ·around [in circumference]. 16 He also made two bronze capitals that were ·seven and one-half feet [L five cubits] tall, and he put them on top of the pillars. 17 Then he made a net of seven ·chains [sets of filigree/latticework] for each capital, which covered the capitals on top of the two pillars. 18 He made two rows of bronze pomegranates to go ·on [around] the nets. These covered the capitals at the top of the pillars. 19 The capitals on top of the pillars in the porch were shaped like lilies, and they were ·six feet [L four cubits] tall. 20 The capitals were on top of both pillars, above the ·bowl-shaped [round] section and next to the nets. At that place there were two hundred pomegranates in rows all around the capitals. 21 ·Huram [L He] put these two bronze pillars at the ·porch [portico; entrance] of the ·Temple [L house]. He named the ·south [right-hand] pillar ·He Establishes [L Jachin] and the ·north [left-hand] pillar ·In Him Is Strength [L Boaz]. 22 The capitals on top of the pillars were shaped like lilies. So the work on the pillars was finished [C pillars represent establishment].

23 Then ·Huram [L he] made from bronze a large round bowl, which was called the Sea [C symbol of chaos subdued]. It was ·forty-five feet [L thirty cubits] around, ·fifteen feet [L ten cubits] across, and ·seven and one-half feet [L five cubits] deep. 24 Around the outer edge of the bowl was a rim. Under this rim were two rows of ·bronze plants [gourds] which surrounded the ·bowl [Sea]. There were ten ·plants [gourds] every ·eighteen inches [L cubit], and these ·plants [gourds] were made in one piece with the bowl. 25 The ·bowl [Sea] rested on the backs of twelve ·bronze bulls [oxen] that faced outward from the center of the bowl. Three bulls faced north, three faced west, three faced south, and three faced east. 26 The sides of the bowl were ·four inches [L a hand’s breadth] thick, and it held ·about eleven thousand gallons [L two thousand baths]. The rim of the bowl was like the rim of a cup or like a lily blossom.

27 Then ·Huram [L he] made ten bronze ·stands [water carts], each one ·six feet [L four cubits] long, ·six feet [L four cubits] wide, and ·four and one-half feet [L three cubits] high. 28 The ·stands [water carts] were made from ·square sides, which were put on frames [or side panels braced with crossbars/uprights]. 29 On the sides were bronze lions, ·bulls [oxen], and ·creatures with wings [L cherubim]. On the ·frames [panels] above and below the lions and ·bulls [oxen] were ·designs of flowers [wreaths] hammered into the bronze. 30 Each stand had four bronze wheels with bronze axles. At the corners there were bronze supports for a ·large bowl [basin], and the supports had ·designs of flowers [wreaths]. 31 There was a frame on top of the bowls, ·eighteen inches [L one cubit] high above the bowls. The opening of the bowl was round, ·twenty-seven inches [L one and one-half cubits] deep. ·Designs [Engravings] were carved into the bronze on the frame, which was square, not round. 32 The four wheels, placed under the frame, were ·twenty-seven inches [L one and one-half cubits] high. The axles between the wheels were ·made as one piece with [within; attached to] the stand. 33 The wheels were like a chariot’s wheels. Everything on the wheels—the axles, rims, spokes, and hubs—were ·made [cast] of bronze.

34 The four supports were on the four corners of each stand. They were made as one piece with the stand. 35 A ·strip of bronze [rim; band] around the top of each stand was ·nine inches [L one-half cubit] deep. ·It was [The corner supports were] also made as one piece with the stand. 36 ·Wherever there was room [L According to the space of each], the sides of the stand and the frames were ·covered with carvings of [engraved with] ·creatures with wings [cherubim; 6:23], as well as lions, palm trees, and ·flowers [wreaths]. 37 This is the way ·Huram [L he; v. 13] made the ten ·stands [water carts]. ·The bronze for each stand [L Each] was melted and poured into a mold, ·so all the stands were [L all] the same size and shape.

38 ·Huram [L He] also made ten bronze ·bowls [basins], one ·bowl [basin] for each of the ten ·stands [water carts]. Each bowl was ·six feet [L four cubits] across and could hold ·about two hundred thirty gallons [L forty baths]. 39 ·Huram [Hiram] put five stands on the ·south [right] side of the ·Temple [L house] and five on the ·north [left] side. He put the ·large bowl [Sea on the right] in the southeast corner of the ·Temple [L house]. 40 ·Huram [Hiram] also made ·bowls [washbasins; pots], shovels, and small bowls.

So ·Huram [L Hiram; v. 13] finished all his work for King Solomon on the ·Temple [L house] of the Lord:

41 two pillars;
two ·large bowls for the [bowl-shaped] capitals on top of the pillars;
two ·nets [sets of latticework/filigree] to cover the two large bowls for the capitals on top of the pillars;
42 four hundred pomegranates for the two ·nets [sets of latticework/filigree] (there were two rows of pomegranates for each ·net [set of latticework/filigree] covering the bowls for the capitals on top of the pillars);
43 ten ·stands [water carts] with a ·bowl [basin] on each ·stand [one];
44 the ·large bowl [Sea] with twelve ·bulls [oxen] under it;
45 the ·pots [pails; ash buckets], shovels, small bowls, and all the utensils for the ·Temple [L house] of the Lord.

·Huram [L Hiram] made everything King Solomon wanted from ·polished [burnished] bronze. 46 The king had these things ·poured [cast] into clay molds that were made in the plain of the Jordan River between Succoth and Zarethan. 47 Solomon never weighed the bronze used to make these things, because there ·was too much to weigh [were so many]. So the total weight of all the bronze was never ·known [calculated].

48 Solomon also made all the items for the ·Temple [L house] of the Lord:

the golden altar;
the golden table which held the bread ·that shows God’s people are in his presence [of the Presence];
49 the lampstands of pure gold (five on the right side and five on the left side in front of the inner ·room [L house], the ·Most Holy Place [T Holy of Holies]);
the flowers, lamps, and tongs—all of gold;
50 the pure gold bowls, wick ·trimmers [snuffers], small bowls, pans, and ·dishes used to carry coals [firepans; incense burners];
the gold hinges for the doors of the inner ·room [L house], the ·Most Holy Place [T Holy of Holies] and the ·main room [main hall; nave] of the ·Temple [L house].

51 ·Finally [Thus] the work King Solomon did for the ·Temple [L house] of the Lord was finished. Solomon brought in everything his father David had ·set apart [dedicated; consecrated] for the ·Temple [L house]—silver, gold, and ·other articles [the various utensils]. He put everything in the treasuries of the ·Temple [L house] of the Lord.