13 Jesse’s three oldest sons had followed Saul to the war: The firstborn was Eliab;(A) the second, Abinadab;(B) and the third, Shammah.(C) 14 David was the youngest. The three oldest followed Saul, 15 but David went back and forth from Saul to tend(D) his father’s sheep(E) at Bethlehem.

16 For forty days the Philistine came forward every morning and evening and took his stand.

17 Now Jesse said to his son David, “Take this ephah[a](F) of roasted grain(G) and these ten loaves of bread for your brothers and hurry to their camp. 18 Take along these ten cheeses to the commander of their unit. See how your brothers(H) are and bring back some assurance[b] from them.

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Footnotes

  1. 1 Samuel 17:17 That is, probably about 36 pounds or about 16 kilograms
  2. 1 Samuel 17:18 Or some token; or some pledge of spoils

32 David said to Saul, “Let no one lose heart(A) on account of this Philistine; your servant will go and fight him.”

33 Saul replied,(B) “You are not able to go out against this Philistine and fight him; you are only a young man, and he has been a warrior from his youth.”

34 But David said to Saul, “Your servant has been keeping his father’s sheep. When a lion(C) or a bear came and carried off a sheep from the flock, 35 I went after it, struck it and rescued the sheep from its mouth. When it turned on me, I seized(D) it by its hair, struck it and killed it. 36 Your servant has killed both the lion(E) and the bear; this uncircumcised Philistine will be like one of them, because he has defied the armies of the living God. 37 The Lord who rescued(F) me from the paw of the lion(G) and the paw of the bear will rescue me from the hand of this Philistine.”

Saul said to David, “Go, and the Lord be with(H) you.”

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42 He looked David over and saw that he was little more than a boy, glowing with health and handsome,(A) and he despised(B) him. 43 He said to David, “Am I a dog,(C) that you come at me with sticks?” And the Philistine cursed David by his gods. 44 “Come here,” he said, “and I’ll give your flesh to the birds(D) and the wild animals!(E)

45 David said to the Philistine, “You come against me with sword and spear and javelin,(F) but I come against you in the name(G) of the Lord Almighty, the God of the armies of Israel, whom you have defied.(H) 46 This day the Lord will deliver(I) you into my hands, and I’ll strike you down and cut off your head. This very day I will give the carcasses(J) of the Philistine army to the birds and the wild animals, and the whole world(K) will know that there is a God in Israel.(L) 47 All those gathered here will know that it is not by sword(M) or spear that the Lord saves;(N) for the battle(O) is the Lord’s, and he will give all of you into our hands.”

48 As the Philistine moved closer to attack him, David ran quickly toward the battle line to meet him. 49 Reaching into his bag and taking out a stone, he slung it and struck the Philistine on the forehead. The stone sank into his forehead, and he fell facedown on the ground.

50 So David triumphed over the Philistine with a sling(P) and a stone; without a sword in his hand he struck down the Philistine and killed him.

51 David ran and stood over him. He took hold of the Philistine’s sword and drew it from the sheath. After he killed him, he cut(Q) off his head with the sword.(R)

When the Philistines saw that their hero was dead, they turned and ran.

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