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1 Kings 5-6 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

Hiram’s Building Materials

[a]Hiram king of Tyre sent his servants to Solomon when he heard that he had been anointed king in his father’s place, for Hiram had always been friends with David.

Solomon sent this message to Hiram: “You know my father David was not able to build a temple for the name of Yahweh his God. This was because of the warfare all around him until the Lord put his enemies under his feet. The Lord my God has now given me rest all around; there is no enemy or crisis. So I plan to build a temple for the name of Yahweh my God, according to what the Lord promised my father David: ‘I will put your son on your throne in your place, and he will build the temple for My name.’

“Therefore, command that cedars from Lebanon be cut down for me. My servants will be with your servants, and I will pay your servants’ wages according to whatever you say, for you know that not a man among us knows how to cut timber like the Sidonians.”

When Hiram heard Solomon’s words, he greatly rejoiced and said, “May the Lord be praised today! He has given David a wise son to be over this great people!” Then Hiram sent a reply to Solomon, saying, “I have heard your message; I will do everything you want regarding the cedar and cypress timber. My servants will bring the logs down from Lebanon to the sea, and I will make them into rafts to go by sea to the place you indicate. I will break them apart there, and you can take them away. You then can meet my needs by providing my household with food.”

10 So Hiram provided Solomon with all the cedar and cypress timber he wanted, 11 and Solomon provided Hiram with 100,000 bushels[b] of wheat as food for his household and 110,000 gallons[c] of oil from crushed olives. Solomon did this for Hiram year after year.

12 The Lord gave Solomon wisdom, as He had promised him. There was peace between Hiram and Solomon, and the two of them made a treaty.

Solomon’s Work Force

13 Then King Solomon drafted forced laborers from all Israel; the labor force numbered 30,000 men. 14 He sent 10,000 to Lebanon each month in shifts; one month they were in Lebanon, two months they were at home. Adoniram was in charge of the forced labor. 15 Solomon had 70,000 porters and 80,000 stonecutters in the mountains, 16 not including his 3,300[d] deputies in charge of the work. They ruled over the people doing the work. 17 The king commanded them to quarry large, costly stones to lay the foundation of the temple with dressed stones. 18 So Solomon’s builders and Hiram’s builders, along with the Gebalites, quarried the stone and prepared the timber and stone for the temple’s construction.

Building the Temple

Solomon began to build the temple for the Lord in the four hundred eightieth year after the Israelites came out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of his reign over Israel, in the second month, in the month of Ziv.[e] The temple that King Solomon built for the Lord was 90 feet[f] long, 30 feet[g] wide, and 45 feet[h] high. The portico in front of the temple sanctuary was 30 feet[i] long extending across the temple’s width, and 15 feet deep[j] in front of the temple. He also made windows with beveled frames[k] for the temple.

He then built a chambered structure[l] along the temple wall, encircling the walls of the temple, that is, the sanctuary and the inner sanctuary. And he made side chambers[m] all around. The lowest chamber was 7½ feet[n] wide, the middle was nine feet[o] wide, and the third was 10½ feet[p] wide. He also provided offset ledges for the temple all around the outside so that nothing would be inserted into the temple walls. The temple’s construction used finished stones cut at the quarry so that no hammer, chisel, or any iron tool was heard in the temple while it was being built.

The door for the lowest[q] side chamber was on the right side of the temple. They[r] went up a stairway[s] to the middle chamber, and from the middle to the third. When he finished building the temple, he paneled it with boards and planks of cedar. 10 He built the chambers along the entire temple, joined to the temple with cedar beams; each story was 7½ feet[t] high.

11 The word of the Lord came to Solomon: 12 “As for this temple you are building—if you walk in My statutes, observe My ordinances, and keep all My commands by walking in them, I will fulfill My promise to you, which I made to your father David. 13 I will live among the Israelites and not abandon My people Israel.”

14 When Solomon finished building the temple,[u] 15 he paneled the interior temple walls with cedar boards; from the temple floor to the surface of the ceiling he overlaid the interior with wood. He also overlaid the floor with cypress boards. 16 Then he lined 30 feet[v] of the rear of the temple with cedar boards from the floor to the surface of the ceiling,[w] and he built the interior as an inner sanctuary, the most holy place. 17 The temple, that is, the sanctuary in front of the most holy place,[x] was 60 feet[y] long. 18 The cedar paneling inside the temple was carved with ornamental gourds and flower blossoms. Everything was cedar; not a stone could be seen.

19 He prepared the inner sanctuary inside the temple to put the ark of the Lord’s covenant there. 20 The interior of the sanctuary was 30 feet[z] long, 30 feet[aa] wide, and 30 feet[ab] high; he overlaid it with pure gold. He also overlaid the cedar altar. 21 Next, Solomon overlaid the interior of the temple with pure gold, and he hung[ac] gold chains across the front of the inner sanctuary and overlaid it with gold. 22 So he added the gold overlay to the entire temple until everything was completely finished, including the entire altar that belongs to the inner sanctuary.

23 In the inner sanctuary he made two cherubim 15 feet[ad] high out of olive wood. 24 One wing of the first cherub was 7½ feet long,[ae] and the other wing was 7½ feet long. The wingspan was 15 feet[af] from tip to tip. 25 The second cherub also was 15 feet;[ag] both cherubim had the same size and shape. 26 The first cherub’s height was 15 feet[ah] and so was the second cherub’s. 27 Then he put the cherubim inside the inner temple. Since their wings were spread out, the first one’s wing touched one wall while the second cherub’s wing touched the other[ai] wall, and in the middle of the temple their wings were touching wing to wing. 28 He also overlaid the cherubim with gold.

29 He carved all the surrounding temple walls with carved engravings—cherubim, palm trees and flower blossoms—in both the inner and outer sanctuaries. 30 He overlaid the temple floor with gold in both the inner and outer sanctuaries.

31 For the entrance of the inner sanctuary, he made olive wood doors. The pillars of the doorposts were five-sided.[aj] 32 The two doors were made of olive wood. He carved cherubim, palm trees, and flower blossoms on them and overlaid them with gold, hammering gold over the cherubim and palm trees. 33 In the same way, he made four-sided[ak] olive wood doorposts for the sanctuary entrance. 34 The two doors were made of cypress wood; the first door had two folding sides, and the second door had two folding panels. 35 He carved cherubim, palm trees, and flower blossoms on them and overlaid them with gold applied evenly over the carving. 36 He built the inner courtyard with three rows of dressed stone and a row of trimmed cedar beams.

37 The foundation of the Lord’s temple was laid in Solomon’s fourth year in the month of Ziv. 38 In his eleventh year in the eighth month, in the month of Bul,[al] the temple was completed in every detail and according to every specification. So he built it in seven years.


  1. 1 Kings 5:1 1Kg 5:15 in Hb
  2. 1 Kings 5:11 Lit 20,000 cors
  3. 1 Kings 5:11 LXX reads 20,000 baths; MT reads 20 cors
  4. 1 Kings 5:16 Some LXX mss read 3,600; 2Ch 2:2,18
  5. 1 Kings 6:1 April–May
  6. 1 Kings 6:2 Lit 60 cubits
  7. 1 Kings 6:2 Lit 20 cubits
  8. 1 Kings 6:2 Lit 30 cubits
  9. 1 Kings 6:3 Lit 20 cubits
  10. 1 Kings 6:3 Lit 10 cubits wide
  11. 1 Kings 6:4 Hb obscure
  12. 1 Kings 6:5 Lit built the house of chamber
  13. 1 Kings 6:5 Lit made ribs or sides
  14. 1 Kings 6:6 Lit five cubits
  15. 1 Kings 6:6 Lit six cubits
  16. 1 Kings 6:6 Lit seven cubits
  17. 1 Kings 6:8 LXX, Tg; MT reads middle
  18. 1 Kings 6:8 = people
  19. 1 Kings 6:8 Hb obscure
  20. 1 Kings 6:10 Lit five cubits
  21. 1 Kings 6:14 LXX omits these vv.
  22. 1 Kings 6:16 Lit 20 cubits
  23. 1 Kings 6:16 LXX; MT omits of the ceiling; 1Kg 6:15
  24. 1 Kings 6:17 Lit front of me; Hb obscure
  25. 1 Kings 6:17 Lit 40 cubits
  26. 1 Kings 6:20 Lit 20 cubits
  27. 1 Kings 6:20 Lit 20 cubits
  28. 1 Kings 6:20 Lit 20 cubits
  29. 1 Kings 6:21 Lit he caused to pass across
  30. 1 Kings 6:23 Lit 10 cubits
  31. 1 Kings 6:24 Lit five cubits
  32. 1 Kings 6:24 Lit 10 cubits
  33. 1 Kings 6:25 Lit 10 cubits
  34. 1 Kings 6:26 Lit 10 cubits
  35. 1 Kings 6:27 Lit the second
  36. 1 Kings 6:31 Hb obscure
  37. 1 Kings 6:33 Hb obscure
  38. 1 Kings 6:38 = October–November

Acts 7:1-29 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

Stephen’s Sermon

“Is this true?”[a] the high priest asked.

“Brothers and fathers,” he said, “listen: The God of glory appeared to our father Abraham when he was in Mesopotamia, before he settled in Haran, and said to him:

Get out of your country
and away from your relatives,
and come to the land
that I will show you.[b]

“Then he came out of the land of the Chaldeans and settled in Haran. From there, after his father died, God had him move to this land you now live in. He didn’t give him an inheritance in it, not even a foot of ground, but He promised to give it to him as a possession, and to his descendants after him, even though he was childless. God spoke in this way:

His descendants would be strangers
in a foreign country,
and they would enslave
and oppress them 400 years.
I will judge the nation
that they will serve as slaves, God said.
After this, they will come out
and worship Me in this place.[c]

Then He gave him the covenant of circumcision. After this, he fathered Isaac and circumcised him on the eighth day; Isaac did the same with Jacob, and Jacob with the 12 patriarchs.

The Patriarchs in Egypt

“The patriarchs became jealous of Joseph and sold him into Egypt, but God was with him 10 and rescued him out of all his troubles. He gave him favor and wisdom in the sight of Pharaoh, king of Egypt, who appointed him ruler over Egypt and over his whole household. 11 Then a famine and great suffering came over all of Egypt and Canaan, and our ancestors could find no food. 12 When Jacob heard there was grain in Egypt, he sent our ancestors the first time. 13 The second time, Joseph was revealed to his brothers, and Joseph’s family became known to Pharaoh. 14 Joseph then invited his father Jacob and all his relatives, 75 people in all, 15 and Jacob went down to Egypt. He and our ancestors died there, 16 were carried back to Shechem, and were placed in the tomb that Abraham had bought for a sum of silver from the sons of Hamor in Shechem.

Moses, a Rejected Savior

17 “As the time was drawing near to fulfill the promise that God had made to Abraham, the people flourished and multiplied in Egypt 18 until a different king who did not know Joseph ruled over Egypt.[d] 19 He dealt deceitfully with our race and oppressed our ancestors by making them leave their infants outside, so they wouldn’t survive.[e] 20 At this time Moses was born, and he was beautiful in God’s sight. He was cared for in his father’s home three months, 21 and when he was left outside, Pharaoh’s daughter adopted and raised him as her own son. 22 So Moses was educated in all the wisdom of the Egyptians and was powerful in his speech and actions.

23 “As he was approaching the age of 40, he decided[f] to visit his brothers, the Israelites. 24 When he saw one of them being mistreated, he came to his rescue and avenged the oppressed man by striking down the Egyptian. 25 He assumed his brothers would understand that God would give them deliverance through him, but they did not understand. 26 The next day he showed up while they were fighting and tried to reconcile them peacefully, saying, ‘Men, you are brothers. Why are you mistreating each other?’

27 “But the one who was mistreating his neighbor pushed him[g] away, saying:

Who appointed you a ruler and a judge over us? 28 Do you want to kill me, the same way you killed the Egyptian yesterday?[h]

29 “At this disclosure, Moses fled and became an exile in the land of Midian, where he fathered two sons.


  1. Acts 7:1 Lit “Are these things so?”
  2. Acts 7:3 Gn 12:1
  3. Acts 7:7 Gn 15:13-14
  4. Acts 7:18 Other mss omit over Egypt
  5. Acts 7:19 A common pagan practice of population control by leaving infants outside to die
  6. Acts 7:23 Lit 40, it came into his heart
  7. Acts 7:27 Moses
  8. Acts 7:28 Ex 2:14

Psalm 127 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

Psalm 127

The Blessing of the Lord

A Solomonic song of ascents.

Unless the Lord builds a house,
its builders labor over it in vain;
unless the Lord watches over a city,
the watchman stays alert in vain.
In vain you get up early and stay up late,
working hard to have enough food—
yes, He gives sleep to the one He loves.[a]

Sons are indeed a heritage from the Lord,
children, a reward.
Like arrows in the hand of a warrior
are the sons born in one’s youth.
Happy is the man who has filled his quiver with them.
Such men will never be put to shame
when they speak with their enemies at the city gate.


  1. Psalm 127:2 Or yes, He gives such things to His loved ones while [they] sleep

Proverbs 16:28-30 Holman Christian Standard Bible (HCSB)

28 A contrary man spreads conflict,
and a gossip separates close friends.

29 A violent man lures his neighbor,
leading him in a way that is not good.

30 The one who narrows his eyes is planning deceptions;
the one who compresses his lips brings about evil.

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