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King David’s Rule Expands

18 In the course of time, David defeated the Philistines and subdued them. He took Gath and its villages from the hand of the Philistines. He also defeated Moab, and the Moabites became vassals to David and brought tribute.

Moreover, David defeated King Hadadezer of Zobah at Hamath, when he went to establish his dominion to the Euphrates River. David captured from him 1,000 chariots, 7,000 horsemen and 20,000 infantrymen. David hamstrung all the chariot horses but reserved 100 of them for chariots.

When the Arameans of Damascus came to help King Hadadezer of Zobah, David struck down 22,000 of the Arameans. David put garrisons in Aram of Damascus and the Arameans became subject to David and brought tribute. Adonai gave David victory wherever he went. David took the gold shields that were on Hadadezer’s servants and brought them to Jerusalem. From Tibhath and from Kun, Hadadezer’s cities, David took a very large quantity of bronze, which Solomon used to make the bronze sea, pillars and bronze vessels.

When King Tou of Hamath heard that David had defeated the whole army of King Hadadezer of Zobah, 10 he sent his son Hadoram to King David to greet and bless him because he fought against Hadarezer and defeated him—for Hadadezer had many wars with Tou. He also sent all kinds of articles of gold, silver and bronze.

11 King David dedicated these articles to Adonai, along with the silver and gold that he had taken from all the nations: from Edom and Moab, the Ammonites, the Philistines and Amalek.

12 Abishai son of Zeruiah struck down 18,000 Edomites in the Valley of Salt. 13 Then he put garrisons in Edom, and all the Edomites became vassals to David. So Adonai gave David victory wherever he went.

14 David reigned over all Israel and he administered justice and righteousness to all his people. 15 Joab son of Zeruiah was over the army, and Jehoshaphat son of Ahilud was secretary. 16 Zadok son of Ahitub and Abimelech son of Abiathar were kohanim, and Shavsha was scribe. 17 Benaiah son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and Pelethites, and David’s sons were chief officials in the service of the king.